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Sociological Theories Examining The Effects Of The Media To The Development Of Modern Society

1409 words - 6 pages

What is sociology and why is different from “common sense” assumptions or” journalistic” argument?
Max Weber one of the founding fathers of sociology, defined sociology as a science that explains the interpretive understanding of social action in order to arrive at a causal explanation of its course and effects (Haralambos M,Holbon M and Heald R, 2000). In other words it is a science, which primarily aims at the interpretative understanding of social behaviour in order to gain an explanation of its causes, its course and its effects, they further explained that Sociology concerns human live and it is the scientific study of human interactions with others within society. From the above ...view middle of the document...

Sociologists often challenge “common-sense” assumptions though our everyday activities are conducted by incoherent, inexpressible knowledge otherwise known as “common-sense”, Sociologists regard this as a problem even though other sciences may not even accept that is exists (Coser ,L.A and Rosenberg,1976), (Haralambos M, Holbon M and Heald R, 2000) The reason for such interest in this matter is because all sociological findings are based on experiences of normal people in their everyday lives. To challenge these common-sense assumptions, sociologists use historical and cross-cultural research to see whether things have always been the way they are and whether every country holds the same beliefs and what they usually find is that different societies hold different ideas of what is natural such as the belief that everybody grows up, falls in love, then marry is a norm in some countries, while in some countries it is norm to arrange marriage and couples to fall in love after this process. (Haralambos M, Holbon M and Heald R, 2000)
Everybody theorises, has ideas and engage in social thought. Theory enables us to make sense of the world we live in, however, Sociology provides answers to many questions that we ask – “Why do people commit crimes?” or “Why are some unemployed?” Theories help to explain these questions and provide the “why” behind them all (Haralambos M, Holbon M and Heald R, 2000). Everybody in their day-to-day lives, try and justify these questions by using common-sense theories, they are not often questioned, hence everything becomes common as nothing is questioned and we do not self-scrutinize our own actions this have caused us to naturally assume that some things are the case as ‘it is common-sense’ Sociology rejects common-sense knowledge, as it is such a personalised world-view, every event that occurs is perceived as a result of somebody’s intentional action, however, to understand humans as social beings, their motives and consequences would need to be explained (Haralambos M, Holbon M and Heald R, 2000) therefore sociologists challenge these common-sense assumptions by developing other theories, which set it apart from taken-for-granted assumptions. Common-sense theories differ from sociological ones because sociological theories are open to disapproval and rejection.
Stuart Hall (1932) supported the above view and said “In social science we tend to call an explanation a theory if it is open-ended, it is open to new evidence that is subject to modification and improvement, and clear about the way it’s concepts are formed”. Thus, claims are open to wide scrutiny and others are free to test them and prove them wrong. Stuart Hall (1932). Sociologists argue that common-sense explanations are inadequate and simplistic, therefore, social theory endeavours to give adequate explanations and in order to do this, and it regards all facts to be logical, consistent and methodical. Sociology does not just assume without proper...

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