This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Sociology Essay

582 words - 3 pages

FUNCTIONALISM – MERTON – 3 MARKS
WHY IS MERTONS THEORY CALLED STRAIN THEORY?
Merton believed that when societal norms, or socially accepted goals, such as the 'American Dream,' place pressure on the individual to conform, they force the individual to either work within the structure society has produced, or instead become members of a deviant subculture in an attempt to achieve those goals.
NAME TWO OF THE RESPONSES TO THE STRAIN?
non-utilitarian, malicious, and negativistic(Grady)
SUBCULTURAL THEORY- 8 MARKS

1.WHAT CONCEPTS DO WE ASSOCIATE WITH THE FOLLOWING THEORISTS? ( 4 MARKS)
A.COHEN- folk devil/moral panic
CLOWARD & OHLIN- subcultures
MILLER- class values
MURRAY- underclass

2.WHAT IS MATZA’S CRITICISM OF SUBCULTURAL THEORY? Everyone has a subcultural value there are no groups or distinctive subculture deviance is everywhere
3.WHAT IS KOREMS COMMENT ON ...view middle of the document...

TARGET HARDENING- using security to protect society
UNDERCLASS- people at the bottom of society who are poor
ZERO TOLERANCE- automatic punishment for crime
BROKEN WINDOW- fixing society before it gets worse
CAPABLE GUARDIAN- someone in authority who is there to watch that your not being deviant
DISPLACEMENT- when putting something out of place such as a social group
INTERACTIONISM- 12 MARKS
DEFINE THE FOLLOWING: 9 MARKS

PRIMARY DEVIANCE- looks at the act rather than the person
SECONDARY DEVIANCE- looks at the person and labels them deviant
MORAL ENTREPRENEUR- individual group which aims to influence norms
DEVIANT CAREER- live your life as a deviant person
MASTER STATUS- helps indentify characteristics of individual
MORAL PANIC- anxiety or alarm of a problem that threatens society
FOLK DEVIL- someone who is a bad influence on society
MORTIFICATION OF SELF- inmates are degraded and treated unhumanly
NEGOTIATION OF JUSTICE
2.WHAT DO INTERACTIONISTS THINK OF MENTAL ILLNESS?
3.OUTLINE 2 CRITICIMS OF INTERACTIONIST THEORIES OF DEVIANCE
Labelling theory fails to explain why people are deviant in first place. Once someone is labelled deviant they follow through.

MARXISM 12 MARKS
1.WHAT AREA OF CRIME ARE TRADITIONAL MARXIST INTERESTED IN? crime is inevitable part of capitalists.
2.WHAT TWO THEORIES DO RADICAL/ NEW CRIMINOLOGY BRING TOGETHER?
3.HOW MANY POINTS ARE THERE IN TAYLOR WALTON AND YOUNGS THEORY?
4. WHAT DOES GILROY MEAN BY THE MYTH OF BLACK CRIMINALITY? Every black person is assumed to be deviant or criminal
5.HOW DOES HALL TRY AND LINK THE ISSUE OF ‘MUGGING’ TO A CRISIS IN HEGEMONY? He says that we need to police the crisis
6. WHY DOES HE THINK CRIME IS UNLIKELY TO BE A ‘CONSCIOUS POLITICAL ACTION’
7.GIVE A CRITICISM OF RADICAL CRIMINOLOGY
8.WHAT THREE CONCEPTS DO THE NEW LEFT REALIST INTRODUCE? (3 MARKS)
9. WHY ARE THEY CRITICAL OF THE BRITISH CRIME SURVEY FIGURES? People lie and make things up

Other Essays Like Sociology

Sociology CIA Essay

1243 words - 5 pages  SOCIOLOGY CIA - I The Meaning and Significance of Sociological Perspective in Indian Society. BY: Kavya Khashnobish (1530367) Avisha Bajla(1530318) What is Sociology? Sociology is the scientific study of human society. It studies social behaviour and institutions, their origins

Sociology Intro Essay

659 words - 3 pages was mostly male dominated - Men had more freedom than women; freedom also leads to social isolation - Self-reliant, protestant, more prone to suicide than Catholics and Jews whose religious rituals promote strong social ties. - Single people, greater risk than married people ~ over 100 yrs still true. - White Anglo Saxon people, males are more likely to commit suicide. In Sociology… psychological reasoning is psychopathology Cause and

Hnc Sociology

1729 words - 7 pages Tracey Siebenaler. HNC Social Care. Group B. Sociology. 11th October 2009. “The Family is The Cornerstone Of Society.” James Watt College. Kilwinning Campus. Tracey Siebenaler. HNC Social Care. “The Family is The Cornerstone Of Society.” To consider the above statement one would have to firstly decide on a definition for modern day family. The most common form of family set up in modern day Britain would be the nuclear family

Sociology Questions

1080 words - 5 pages Sociology Questions Name Institution Sociology Questions Question 1 a) How has thinking about the “mind-body” relationship changed within the context of history?  Plato hypothesized that only death could separate the soul from the body while Aristotle identified the soul as a property of the body (Pinel, 2009). Rene Descartes believed that the mind controlled the brain while Huxley postulated that the mind was a product of the human brain

Sociology 102

810 words - 4 pages Sociology 102 Grand Canyon University October 30, 2010 The phrase color line was originally used as a reference to the racial segregation that existed in the United States after the abolishment of slavery. The phrase gained fame after W. E. B. Du Bois’ repeated use of it in his book The Souls of Black Folk. What was the color line?  It was the line that reserved the best jobs in the economy for one group of people, while denying them to

Sociology

732 words - 3 pages Sherryl Burris Unit 2 DB Accounting data helps owners and managers make business decisions. Cash bonuses depend on accounting numbers. Nearly all businesses use the amounts reported in their financial statements as a basis for rewarding management. Because managers act to achieve these accounting measures, selecting measures that are not easily manipulated is important. Equally important is maintain a balance of measures that reflect the

Sociology

724 words - 3 pages It was very different a decade ago when Barrie and Tony Drewitt-Barlow first made the headlines after they fought – and won – a battle to bring their twins, conceived via donor eggs and carried to term by a surrogate mother, home to Britain after they were born in America. When Eamonn Holmes interviewed them in 2000 after bringing Saffron and Aspen back to the UK, he told them: "There are people who are going to say it's not natural. [They] will

Sociology

777 words - 4 pages overty is widespread in Pakistan and is particularly predominant in rural areas. Poverty is the lack of basic human needs, such as clean water, nutrition, health care, education, clothing and shelter because of the powerlessness to afford them. This is also referred to as absolute poverty. Poverty is a basic problem of a country. Because of poverty a country can never progress. According to Mother Teresa “The greatest disease in the West today

Sociology - 1675 words

1675 words - 7 pages A. What are the three things you regret most in your life? How do the events you named relate to counterfactual thinking? Counterfactual thinking – The tendency to imagine other outcomes in a situation than the ones that actually occurred (“What might have been.”) This particular question reminds me of the scenario of what if you marrying your high school sweetheart after you just seen them at a 15 year reunion. This is extremely hard for me

Sociology - 788 words

788 words - 4 pages Scientology is probably one of the most difficult religions to believe in contrast to Judaism. These two religions are very strict in their beliefs and if failure to abide you may be punished severely. Judaism in particular is structured with limited gender roles and constrained human emotions. Judaism has the mindset that if you ever stray from their providence belief, you must be tortured and executed in order to save your internal soul

Sociology - 744 words

744 words - 3 pages Families and households, do they differ or do they get affected by external influences? Well, families differ as there are many types of families worldwide, and they also get affected by external influences. What I am going to write about is functionalism, Marxist and feminism, their believes and argues held upon them. First of all is the functionalism, where functionalists argued that each stat institution – Members of society formed

Related Papers

Sociology Essay 812 Words

812 words - 4 pages REPORT Full Name: DUONG THI THUY LINH Student ID Number: 11040018 Cohort: SNHU 2011 Sociology is the scientific study of social life. It describes and analyses social behavior. It seeks to discover how human society has come to be the way it is, and reveal the social forces that shape people’s lives. As forces that influence people and help shape their lives. Society shapes what we do, how we do it, and how we understand what others

Sociology Essay 578 Words

578 words - 3 pages Chapter 1 Notes An Introduction to Sociology in the Global Age The Arab Spring: The Arab spring is a revolutionary wave of demonstrations and protests occurring in the Arab world that began December 17, 2010. Information Age: The information Age is a period in human history characterization by the shift from traditional industry that the industrial revolution brought industrialization, to an economy. During the information age, the

Sociology Essay 580 Words

580 words - 3 pages white America if you were a woman you had no voice and if were black man or woman you had no voice. There were those who felt that the two had to be heard because they were basically but to background. One woman that stood up for the rights of women and blacks was Ida Wells Barnett (1862–1931) an African-American journalist who wrote about discrimination against both women and Blacks olo(introduction to sociology). Mrs. Wells felt that women

Sociology Essay 1347 Words

1347 words - 6 pages within a society than it can be seen as person troubles of the people involved. If, however, multitudes of people are getting divorced every year than it can be seen as a public issue where institutions like marriage, law and media need to be looked at. References Schaefer, Richard T (2010). Sociology 12th edition. McGraw Hill. Beech, Hannah. "Breaking Up Is Easy To Do." Time Magazine World. 2006. Oct. 30, 2006 http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1552060-3,00.html