ï»¿ SOCIOLOGY CIA - I
The Meaning and Significance of Sociological
Perspective in Indian Society.
BY: Kavya Khashnobish (1530367)
What is Sociology?
Sociology is the scientific study of human society. It studies social behaviour and institutions, their origins,development and organization. It is classified as a social science because it uses scientific methods of study to draw conclusions. Sociology uses various methods of empirical investigation and critical analysis to collect data and make generalizations ...view middle of the document...
Many people believe they understand the world and the events taking place within it, often justifying their understandings by calling it "common senseâ€. We look at things from a sociological perspective then this perspective encourages us to ask whether commonly held beliefs are actually true and, to the extent they are not, why they are so widely held? For example: gender differences; ethnic differences; racial differences and social class differences. Where do these differences come from? Sociology is an attempt to understand the social world by situating social events in their corresponding environment (i.e., social structure, history) and trying to understand social phenomena by collecting and analyzing empirical data. For example, Peter Berger, a well-known sociologist, argued, that what distinguishes sociology from common sense is that sociologists: "[try] to see what is there. [They] may have hopes or fears concerning what [they] may find. But [they] will try to see, regardless of [their] hopes or fears. It is thus an act of pure perception..."
Thus, to obtain knowledge of the society, sociologists must methodically & systematically study their world and look into the minor/major details.
2) The sociological perspective empowers us to participate actively in our society.
Without knowing how the society operates we are likely to go with the\e flow and accept the status quo. But with greater understanding we can take an active hand in shaping our social life. Evaluating any aspect of social life whatever your goal requires identifying social forces at work and assessing their consequences. For example we can use social theory to study sports in the society. Those of us who study sports in society want to understand four things: (1) the social and cultural contexts in which sports exist, (2) the connections between those contexts and sports, (3) the social worlds that people create as they participate in sports, and (4) the experiences of individuals and groups associated with those social worlds. As we study and apply knowledge about sports, we use social and cultural theories. Theories provide frameworks for asking research questions, interpreting information, and uncovering the deeper meanings and stories associated with sports. They also enable us to be more informed citizens as we apply what we learn in our research to the world in which we live. Most of the scholarly work for a long time a\has resulted in five major theories. They are:
â€¢ Critical theory
â€¢ Feminist theory
Social theories are helpful as we explore issues and controversies in sports and assess research and ideas about sports in society. We do not have to be theorists to use theory as we organize our thoughts and become more informed citizens in our social worlds.
3) The sociological perspective helps us recognize...