This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Somali Culture And Islamic Extremism Essay

1680 words - 7 pages

After decades without a functioning national government, either their traditional clan leaders or local warlords have governed the people of Somalia. The lack of a national government and the following decades of turmoil have led Somali people to develop an identity that focuses on self and self-preservation. Since small clans have governed the people there has not been a higher power to settle disputes between clans or to provide services that the Transitional Government (TG) has failed to provide. In the early part of the century, Islamic extremist groups began to fill this gap. The groups were even able to control the majority of Mogadishu for a short period. These extremist groups ...view middle of the document...

Religious affiliation is to the individual sect of Islam as opposed to Islam itself. The only weak national link of all Somali's is the relation to a common ancestor Samaal (Tradoc Culture Center, 2011).
With the majority of the population focused on survival there is no opportunity or desire to attend school. Somali children are educated though oral story telling. The stories are a way of controlling the children with minimal adult supervision and instilling lessons of morality, history and values (Tradoc Culture Center, 2011). Oral story telling is a highly regarded tradition in the culture of Somalia (Diversity Council, 2007).
The lack of a formal education system, decades of turmoil and the lack of a national identity combines to form small groups controlling small areas. The small groups are usually traditional clans. When problems arise between the clans something is needed to settle the disputes, Islamic extremist groups have filled this gap. The extremist groups are able to fill the void of a higher power that can provide a larger sense of stability. “Somalis have been Sunni Muslims since the inception of their nation centuries ago, and Somali culture is inextricably entwined with Islam” (Diversity Council, 2007, p.3). For many people, strict Sharia law is better than no law at all.
A number of Islamic extremists groups have formed to fill the void of power in Somalia. The most successful, The Union of Islamic Courts (UIC), “a group of Sharia law courts that united to form a rival organization to the Transitional Government Forces” (TGF) (Tradoc Culture Center, 2011). The militant arm of UIC was Harakat Al- Shabaab Mujahideen (Al-Shabaab). Al-Shabaab was linked to UIC until their fall in 2007. Since the fall of UIC, Al-Shabaab has been the most powerful Islamic extremist group in Somalia. On 9 February 2012, Al-Qaeda leader, Ayman al Zawahiri declared Al-Shabaab had joined forces with the Jihadist movement. (United Press International, 2012)
The Somali people have traditionally practiced a moderate form of Islam. As Al-Shabaab and other extremist groups have gained power, there has been a shift toward a more fundamentalist practice. Al-Shabaab has had to relax its fundamentalist stance at times due to loss of popular support. In 2009, Al-Shabaab banned international aid agencies from southern Somalia. Al-Shabaab reversed the decision in 2011 during widespread famine. Many supporters and members of the group blamed the leaders because the strict rules prevented much needed aid from reaching those in need (Hanson, 2011).
In early 2012, Western oil companies began to harvest oil from newly discovered oil fields. Al-Shabaab issued warnings that they would not recognize exploration licenses and “Somali oil carries death.” (United Free Press, Inc, 2011). Estimates of the size of the oil fields varies, some of the estimates equates the potential oil to that...

Other Essays Like Somali Culture And Islamic Extremism

Sociological Conflict Perspective Example Essay

732 words - 3 pages by Muslim extremists. According to the article, this is highly debatable. Zaheer Uddin, the executive director of the Islamic Leadership Council of New York states that there is a possibility that a few of these mosques do exist, but that they don’t know of any specific mosques that practice this radical extremism. Uddin stated that studies have shown that only 5% of National terrorism plots are committed by Muslims, and also, that a recent

The Origins of Global Jihadi Terrorism

4943 words - 20 pages recruitment sources for jihadi terrorists due to the high probability of finding extreme ideologues within the Salafi congregations. Similarly, madrasas with a reputation of subscribing to radical Islamic ideologies such as the Jemaah Islamiyah-linked Pondok Ngruki and Lukmanul Hakiem Islamic boarding schools in Indonesia are magnets for young Muslims who are inclined towards religious extremism. Prisons where inmates are allowed to interact with

Islamic Revivalism Movement Towards The Establishment Of Islamic Banking And Finance In Malaysia

1900 words - 8 pages Islamic Revivalism Movement Towards The Establishment Of Islamic Banking And Finance In Malaysia Islamic revivalism refers to a revival of the Islamic religion throughout the Islamic world, that began roughly sometime in 1970s and is manifested in greater religious piety, and community feeling, and in a growing adoption of Islamic culture, dress, terminology, separation of the sexes, and values by Muslims. It has been defined by some of the

The Making of Indonesia

1934 words - 8 pages authoritarian system has indeed been replaced by a democratic system but primordial sentiments and traditional outlooks have not been completely eradicated. The division of the Indonesian political culture, secular nationalism and Islamic nationalism, may have continued as reflected in Indonesian political parties. (123) However, the youth of Indonesia seems promising enough to promote religious tolerance and curb religious extremism to

Eth 125 Week 5 Checkpoint

577 words - 3 pages within the Arab and Islamic world, there will need to be a compatible change in how Americans view Arabs and Muslims. With President Obama in office hopefully this change will come about, which will truly mark a new beginning for the U.S. and Muslim relations in the future (Institute for policy studies, 2009). A couple of characteristics that are attributed to Orientalism are inscrutability, religious extremism and being backward culturally

Muslim Customers’ Acceptance Towards Islamic Banking: a Field Study in China, Ning Xia Province

2807 words - 12 pages . 1.7 Significant of the Study Islamic banks should continue to carry out theoretical innovation, to create an open culture system. To achieve this goal, we must use a rational, scientific and pragmatic spirit as a guiding principle. The world's largest economy as the steady development of the financial crisis - China, not only has a stable economic environment, and the Islamic countries have accepted the religious and cultural environment for

Islamic Extremists

2728 words - 11 pages history of Islamic extremism) The ideology of the early Brotherhood is very similar to that of Islamist groups today - they denounced the Egyptian government as secular and regarded Egyptian society in terms of “jahaliya” or a barbaric, pre-Islamic society not based on Islamic shari'a law. Sayyed Qutb, an Egyptian intellectual associated with the Muslim Brotherhood, wrote a book called Ma'alim fil Tariq ("Signposts on the Road"), which proved to be

Muslim

597 words - 3 pages Almy 2Almy 3Muslim Science & MathematicsA number of inventions were made in the Muslim world. During the middle Ages, Islamic scholars made significant advances in mathematics, astronomy, engineering and many other fields. Science was one of the most powerful areas of the Islamic culture of the period. Islamic people believed in truth and logic. They believed anything could be proven through logic. One of the fields Islamic science has

Christianity

2548 words - 11 pages ” (Ansari, 2003). As such, British Muslims, like American Muslims, are seeking ways of strengthening their relationships with Jewish and Christian communities within Great Britain. c. The Middle East Literature shows that the Muslim world in the Middle East is in a state of internal turmoil as revolutions, in terms of both Islamic extremism and the push for democracy in various Arab countries, have divided nations, populations

The Violence of War Can Be Diluted with the Love

2480 words - 10 pages The violence of war can be diluted with the love Outline: 1. Introduction 2. Consequences and disasters of war 3. Significance of love in social disorder and in war-torn society 4. References from world history: a. Wars and strategy of Alexander the great b. Islamic conquests: Amnesty of Mecca Example of conquest of sindh Peace of Saladin c. Japan and germany 5. Modern world’s wars

The Collapse of the Somali State

2837 words - 12 pages military coups and no industries or structures to regulate the Somali economy, they began relying heavily on foreign aid. With the lack of governance, the money that Somalia did receive ended up in the hands of the post-colonial ruling elite who exploited the country for their own gain (Silva, M. 2010, p.559). The colonialism of Africa has created a cultural unawareness within territories, as their culture was removed and replaced with that of the

Related Papers

Refuge Of Somali Women Essay

3561 words - 15 pages provides for equal opportunities as men. In Somalia, the women do not have many rights, however. Somali culture is quite different from the culture of other more prevalent countries, like the United States. “Africa is one of the richest in culture and customs… [they] regard culture as essential to their lives and future development,”(Abdullah xi). Somali people are predominately Muslim and practice the Islamic religion. “The Somali

Military Dictatorship May Be Necessary To Save Pakistan From Islamic Fundamentalism

1152 words - 5 pages following World War I successfully established the foundations for a secular society and democratic government in that country. Tahir Mehmood contends that a similar period of military rule may be necessary in Pakistan to prevent the country from succumbing to Islamic extremism or descending into anarchy. What does Tahir Mehmood argue about the creation of Pakistan in 1947?General Pervez Musharraf is every inch a professional soldier. On October

Al Shabaab History Essay

1785 words - 8 pages formed from a branch of the Islamic Courts Union (ICU), which then broke into many smaller factions after its loss in 2006 to the Somali Transitional Federal Government (TFG) and the TFG's Ethiopian military allies. Al-Shabaab propaganda describes the cell as waging jihad against “the enemies of Islam”. However because Somalia has been drowned in anarchy since the early 1990s, many Somalis find even Al-Shabaab's strict version of Sharia

Usama Bin Laden Essay

1342 words - 6 pages the Arabian Peninsula. To advance his agenda of expelling the U.S. from the Islamic world, he worked with other anti-Western fundamentalists to organize a secretive, highly compartmentalized terrorist network, known as al-Qaida. It is through his upbringing, education, culture, and wars in Islamic countries, that Osama bin Laden has sought to purge the Islamic world of the influences that he believes have corrupted and degraded it. Osama bin