Some of the main socio economic events of middle ages
norman conquest by william 1 in 1066
The military conquest of England by William, duke of Normandy, primarily effected by his decisive victory at the Battle of Hastings (Oct. 14, 1066), and resulting ultimately in profound political, administrative, and social changes in the British Isles.
Edward the Confessor, last king of the Old English royal line, had almost certainly in 1051 designated William as his successor.
Struggle with Thomas Becket
Henry attempted to restore the close relationship between church and state that had existed under the Norman kings. His first move was the appointment in 1162 of Thomas Becket as ...view middle of the document...
It was the Crusades too, even though they ended so badly, that encouraged the ideal of true knightly behavior known as chivalry.
Today we use the term chivalrous to describe the conduct of well-mannered and sensitive men toward women; but the medieval idea of chivalry ,though it included the relations between the sexes, went far beyond this. It sought with the aid of the Church, to make the knightly warrior as devout and tenderhearted off the battlefield as he was bold and fearless on it. The bloodstained, ferocious history of the Crusades suggests that chivalry was an ideal rather than an actual code of conduct.
The great famine
In Europe, the Medieval warm period ended sometime towards the end of the fourteenth century, bringing harsher winters and reduced harvests. In the years 1315 to 1317 a catastrophic famine, known as the Great Famine, struck much of North Western Europe. The famine came about as the result of a large population growth in the previous centuries, with the result that Europe had become overpopulated in the early fourteenth century; the number of Europeans began to exceed the reduced productive capacity of the land and farmers. The Great Famine was the worst in European history, and carried away at least ten percent of the population. Records recreated from dendrochronology show a hiatus in building construction during the period as well as a deterioration in climate.
This was the economic and social situation in which the predictor of the coming disaster, a typhoid (Infected Water) epidemic, emerged. Many thousands died in populated urban centres, most significantly Ypres. In 1318 a pestilence of unknown origin, sometimes identified as anthrax, targeted the animals of Europe, notably sheep and cattle, further reducing the food supply and income of the peasantry. The already weak harvests of the north suffered and the seven-year famine ensued.
The Hundred Years' War
France was plunged into turmoil by the Hundred Years War (1337-1450) the war was in fact a series of conflicts and is commonly divided into three or four phases: the Edwardian War (1337-1360), the Caroline War (1369-1389), the Lancastrian War (1415-1429), and the slow decline of English fortunes after the appearance of Joan of Arc, (1429-1453).
William the Conqueror had invaded England in 1066 and established French rule in England. With French-descended rulers on the throne of England, it was only a matter of time before someone emerged who had a claim on the throne of both countries. The problem was complicated by the fact that English monarch Henry II had married Eleanor of Aquitaine, whose holdings - much of southwestern France - passed under partial control of England. Under the complex rules of the time, however, that rule was still subject to that of the King of France. Edward III of England seems to have launched the war to gain total sovereignty over the region. At the battles of Crecy (1346) and Agincourt (1416), English commoners, armed...