Sosiological Essay

3846 words - 16 pages

Society Characteristics
The sociology of race and of ethnic relations is the area of the discipline that studies the social, political, and economic relations between races and ethnicities at all levels of society. This area encompasses the study of racism, residential segregation, and other complex social processes between different racial and ethnic groups. The sociological analysis of race and ethnicity frequently interacts with other areas of sociology such as stratification and social psychology, as well as with postcolonial theory. At the level of political policy, ethnic relations is discussed in terms of either assimilations or multiculturalism. Anti-racism forms another style of ...view middle of the document...

Interaction
e. People on and cooperate with members and will create interaction.
f. This interaction can occur verbally or not.
v. There is a leadership
g. Leaders of family heads, village heads, heads of state and others.
h. Leadership in early Malay community, a closed pattern as the selection based on ethnicity.
vi. There are social stratification
i. It places a person in the position and role to be played or it refers to the stratification.
j. Divided into three parts, class, status and caste
Social Stratification refers to the unequal manner in which scarce resources and social rewards are distributed among different social categories and groups. Life Chances refer to the likelihood of realizing a certain standard of living or quality of life, including health and well-being. The unequal distribution of income and wealth has been remarkably stable. Large differences of income and wealth have existed as long as these data have been collected. Also, there have been persistent differences in income and wealth between men and women, the young and old, and white and non-white Americans. Social Stratification is a Social Process.
Social stratification is a characteristic of society, not simply a function of individual differences. Social stratification is universal, but variable. Social stratification persists over generations. Social stratification involves not just inequality but beliefs about inequality.
i. Class
The position of a society based on ownership of property or wealth.
ii. Status
Expectations of the role played by individuals in the community such as receiving the title of Dato’ Haji or Lebai.
iii. Caste
Social class membership is determined only by birth and in his social mobility does not occur.

Introduction
Our country Malaysia is a multi-racial country. People in Malaysia live harmony by helping each other in support of unity in diversity. However, existence of misunderstanding between ethnic or ethnic itself lead to social problem that happen in our daily life. Thus, availability of various ethnicity and culture lead to racial tension.
What is the cause of racial tension? It consists of three categories. First factor is social factor. Where each ethnic defending their culture from erosion, however, each of them lack of attention to the others culture and lead to misunderstanding when perform action unintentionally. Example: a Chinese eating Bak Kut Teh in front of the Malay or Malay stall selling beef food to an Indian. Second factor is economic. Economic factor is one of the factors that cause riot during in 13th May 1969. From the incident, balance of economic level within ethnics play important role for sustainability of the country. Third factor is politic. Except of People’s Alliance, there are many other parties existing outside with their supporters themselves. Quarrel happens when both parties fighting for their own parties benefit rather losing...

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