South Africa Essay

1869 words - 8 pages

Area -1,220,813 sq km

Neighbours-Namibia in the northwest, Zimbabwe and Botswana in the north, and Mozambique and Swaziland in the northeast
Caiptal -Pretoria (administrative); Cape Town (legislative); Bloemfontein (judicial)

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Natural Resources

Only 12 % of South Africa’s land area is cultivated 8 % is forested South Africa is the world’s largest producer of gold, Witwatersrand Gold is mined to depths below (10,000 ft) Diamonds are another important source of South Africa’s mineral wealth. diamond fields are located in the Kimberley area of Northern Cape. South Africa also has large reserves of chromite, vanadium, andalusite, manganese, platinum, nickel, and ...view middle of the document...

9 million(2009 estimate) Growth rate - 0.28 % (2009 est) Population density - 40 persons per sq km (2009 est)

Urban/rural distribution Share urban 58 percent (2005 est) Share rural 42 percent (2005 est)
Life expectancy -Total 49 years (2009 est) Female 48.1 years (2009 est) Male 49.8 years (2009 est) Infant mortality rate 44 deaths per 1,000 live births (2009 estimate) Literacy rate Total -88 % (2007 estimate) Female -87.2 % (2007 estimate) Male -88.9 % (2007 estimate)

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Languages - 11 official languages: Afrikaans and English (European origin) Zulu, Xhosa, siSwati, and Ndebele (Nguni language group) Southern Sotho, Northern Sotho, and Tswana (Sotho language group) Tsonga; Venda. These are primary languages of 98 % of South Africans. Many Indians also speak Hindi, Tamil, Telegu, Gujarati, and Urdu. Religious affiliations Ethinicity/ Race :
Black Independent Churches Protestant Roman Catholic Anglican Hindu Muslim Nonreligious Other 46% 31% 8% 7% 2% 2% 2% 2% Africans/Black 77%

Shangaan-Tsongas people

White
Coloureds/mixed race Indians/Asians Others

11%
9% 2% 1%
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•Xhosa, Tswana, •Basotho (South Sotho) Zulu,Bapedi(North Sotho), Tsonga, •Venda,Ndebele and •Swazi

Zulu house Ndebele woman

Ashanti Stool Procession
A procession in Elmina, Ghana, carries an Ashanti chief’s stools to him as part of a traditional ceremony. The Ashanti people are known for their carved wooden stools, which customarily served domestic and sacred roles.

ShangaanTsongas house

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Art : The major types of art produced in Africa are masks, statues, furniture, textiles, pottery, baskets, beadwork, and metalwork. Beadwork-Beadwork created by Shona, Zulu, Xhosa, and Ndebele women ranks as the strongest of more recent artistic traditions in southern Africa. Beads are used to make necklaces, headbands, bracelets, and leg ornaments, and to decorate aprons, loin covers, belts, and blankets Mural painting

Ndebele doll

African masks
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Music: The most influential style of popular music within Africa is Congolese guitar band music, also known as

soukous.

Dance: The variety of African dance can be illustrated by comparing Yoruba dancers of Nigeria, who often perform intricate foot movements close to the ground, to Zulu military dancers of South Africa, who maintain an upright posture and perform high stamping movements. Mbaqanga, which was developed in the segregated black townships created under apartheid, remains the most popular form of South African dance music.

The Soweto Gospel Choir won their second consecutive Grammy Award in the category best traditional world music for their album 'African Spirit' in February 2008

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Film and Theatre The theatre scene is buzzing in South Africa, with over 100 active spaces across the country offering everything from indigenous drama, music, dance, cabaret and satire to West End and Broadway hits, classical opera and...

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