This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Soviet Perceptions Of The Sdi Essay

2347 words - 10 pages

Soviet Perceptions of the SDI

What are the Soviet perceptions of the Strategic Defense Initiative and how it is still relevant in the current Russian worldview, particularly in regard to the proposed US National Missile Defense program? What is the proper US response?

Submitted by:

Tina Nicole

HLSS320

Intelligence & Homeland Security

March 2010

[pic][pic]

In 1983, President Ronald Reagan appeared on national television and announced to the American people his plans for a new directive - the Strategic Defense Initiative. President Reagan was adamant about nuclear arms control, and was passionate about keeping the people of his country safe. He was confident ...view middle of the document...

d.). By this time, the major states not only wanted control of and protection on the green earth, they were looking to the heavens. In 1967, the Outer Space Treaty was put into order. It required "States Parties to the Treaty undertake not to place in orbit around the Earth any objects carrying nuclear weapons or any other kinds of weapons of mass destruction, install such weapons on celestial bodies, or station such weapons in outer space in any other manner" and would forbid the US from pre-positioning in Earth orbit any devices powered by nuclear weapons and any devices capable of "mass destruction" (Strategic Defense Initiative n.d.). In 1968, the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, aka Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NNPT) was opened. Its purpose was to limit the spread of nuclear weapons, and was extended indefinitely and without condition in 1995. In 1969, President Nixon renamed the Sentinel program to Safeguard and reassigned it to protect "our land-based retaliatory forces against a direct attack by the Soviet Union" (Gilman n.d.).

During these years, the then Soviet Union was not standing idly by and watching the United States assume control over nuclear arms and their guidelines. In 1970, they revealed the A-35 anti-ballistic missile system, or A-35 Aldan. It was a Soviet military battle management radar complex deployed around Moscow to intercept enemy (United States) missiles targeting the city or its surrounding areas. In development since the 1960’s and in operation from 1971 until the 1990’s, it featured the nuclear-tipped exoatmospheric interceptor ABM-1 Galosh. The missile was the first Soviet ABM in operation. The A-35 system was followed by the A-135, operational as of February 2007 (Astronomy n.d.).

[pic]1972 brought the signing of the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty. Russia considered the ABM Treaty as the cornerstone of strategic stability and one of the most important strategic documents between Moscow and Washington (Mizin 2003). It made the anti-BMD point of view official by forbidding the Soviet Union or United States to deploy extensive missile defenses. Each superpower was allowed by the original treaty to build ABM installations at two "widely separated" locations. In 1974, a protocol was added to the ABM Treaty that reduced the number of permitted installations to one per nation. This policy—far more ambitious than any ABM concept that had been contemplated before—was formalized by Reagan in the National Security Decision Directive 85 two days later (Gilman n.d.).
In a speech given on August 20, 1980, President Carter’s new concept of nuclear strategy was explained. It stated that three requirements must be met in order to deter nuclear war: 1) we must have strategic nuclear forces that can absorb a Soviet first strike and still retaliate with devastating effect; 2) we must meet our security requirements and maintain an overall strategic balance at the lowest and most...

Other Essays Like Soviet Perceptions of the Sdi

A Study on the Interpretation of an Article Entitled“Case Studies of Ethics Scandals: Effects on Ethical Perceptions of Finance Studies”

4305 words - 18 pages A study on the interpretation of an article entitled “Case Studies of Ethics Scandals: Effects on Ethical Perceptions of Finance Studies” 1. Letter of transmittal Dear Professor Dilip Kumar Sen, I have the honor to present to you my study on the interpretation of an article entitled “Case Studies of Ethics Scandals: Effects on Ethical Perceptions of Finance Studies” as partial fulfillment of the Management Accounting course

How Did Two Major Conflicts, the Sino-Japanese War (1894-1895) and the Russo-Japanese War a Decade Later, Influence Western Perceptions of Japan and Asia?

2288 words - 10 pages 6) How did two major conflicts, the Sino-Japanese War (1894-1895) and the Russo-Japanese War a decade later, influence Western perceptions of Japan and Asia? The Sino-Japanese War from 1894-1895 and the Russo-Japanese War a decade later were monumental events in the history of Asia and its ripples were felt in the Western world. In the Sino-Japanese War, the Western world witnessed the fruits of Meiji Japan’s modernization program, its modern

Cold War Disarmament Talks

2090 words - 9 pages bombers and other strategic systems. However the year 1983 marked a breakdown of US-Soviet relations. The Soviets suspended talks in reaction to Reagan's Strategic Defence Initiative (SDI) alleging that the SDI had "changed the strategic situation" making aspects of START irrelevant or unfair. To see why, it is necessary to look at the implications of SDI (the 'star wars' program). It was to be a shield that would protect US from any incoming

Cold War And Nsc 68

546 words - 3 pages In the National Security Council's "Cold War Objectives" (NSC-68) document a description of the fundamental design of the Kremlin portrays a grim image of inevitable confrontation with the Soviet Union. In the context of describing the Kremlin’s design, the document positions the US as a perceived obstacle and adversary of the Kremlin and assumes that the Kremlin view includes an imperative to destroy or subvert the US by any means necessary

Blaming Khrushchev For The Cuban Missile Crisis Is Wrong, For It Is Kennedy Who Precipitated The Crisis And No One Else

1460 words - 6 pages Cuban missile crisis does not consist only the placement of missiles in Cuba , but also the things before it, Cuba's nationalization of industries ,like the bop, the embargoes , the soviet giving of aid to USSR,Subject: outbreak / origins of the Cuban missile crisisFocus: role of superpower involvementTimeframe : 1959 to 1962Keyterms to note: precipitation of crisisArguments1.Khrushchev was to be blamed as well as kennedy2.Only Khrushchev should

The Soviet Tragedy

1349 words - 6 pages Universidade Nova de Lisboa – Faculdade de Economia e Gestão Fall Semester 2010/2011 Course: Modern and Contemporary History Professor: Luciano Amaral Teacher Assistant: Bruno Reis Text V - The Soviet Tragedy A History of Socialism in Russia, 1917-1991 By Martin Malia Inês Hermínio nº 10342 “The Soviet socialist revolution was the greatest utopian adventure of the modern age”. With this sentence Martin Malia, the author of

Expanding The FMLA In CAlifornia

1390 words - 6 pages Disability Insurance (TDI) program known in California as State Disability Insurance (SDI). Unfortunately, other types of family leave are not covered. However, California Governor Gray Davis just signed a law requiring a study of the cost of extending state disability benefits to cover family leave. The legislature directed the state Employment Development Department to study the cost of extending the state's TDI system to cover family leave, and

Stalin Is Fantastic

663 words - 3 pages Joseph Stalin, or Iosif Vissarionovich Stalin (Russian: Ио́сиф Виссарио́нович Ста́лин, pronounced [ˈjosʲɪf vʲɪsɐˈrʲonəvʲɪt͡ɕ ˈstalʲɪn]; born Ioseb Besarionis dze Jugashvili, Georgian: იოსებ ბესარიონის ძე ჯუღაშვილი, pronounced [iɔsɛb bɛsariɔnis d͡ze d͡ʒuɣaʃvili]; 18 December 1878[1] – 5 March 1953), was the de facto leader of the Soviet Union from the mid-1920s until his death in 1953. Among the Bolshevik revolutionaries who took part in the

Great ! A+ Work

1030 words - 5 pages Hitler's government envisioned a vast, new empire of "living space" (Lebensraum) in eastern Europe. The realization of German dominance in Europe, its leaders calculated, would require war. 1939 After securing the neutrality of the Soviet Union (through the August 1939German-Soviet Pact of nonaggression), Germany started World War II by invading Poland on September 1, 1939. Britain and France responded by declaring war on Germany on September

Unfinished War

2247 words - 9 pages This essay will examine a significant issue in history and consider Stalin’s role and the Soviet involvement in the Korean War (1950-53) with the substantial Russian documents. In the mid-1990s, the Russian government declassified a number of important documents on the Korean War. In addition, a number of Russians and North Koreans who played military or political role in the war published their memoirs and allowed interviews on the subject

Impact of the Secret Speech- Khrushchev

1357 words - 6 pages Gobbet 2- Khrusschev’s Secret Speech The Source is an extract of a speech given by Nikita Khrushchev at the Twentieth Party Congress of the Soviet Union on February 25th 1956. Khrushchev served as First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1953 to 1964, and as Chairman of the Council of Ministers, or Premier, from 1958 to 1964. Khrushchev was responsible for the partial de-Stalinization of the Soviet Union, for backing

Related Papers

Collapse Of The Soviet Union Essay

1685 words - 7 pages The powerful communist nature of the Soviet Union has been responsible for many conflicts of the twentieth Century. Joseph Stalin, the first leader of Communist Russia, was one of the most powerful and influential men of all history. The Soviet Union was the dominant communist nation during the cold War, and its political beliefs led to multiple conflicts that have shaped the history of the world. Although once a powerful nation, Communist

The History Of The Soviet Union

1272 words - 6 pages The History of the Soviet Union The Russian Empire, covering over one-sixth of the world, is governed by the sovereignty of Czar Ivan the Terrible. The feudal system oppresses every man, woman and child as the Czar releases "Tax Collectors" to maintain support for the nobles in the land. Brigands and financial extortionists persecute any lower class citizen who refuses to help contribute to the Czar's regime. 1682-1725

. Discuss The Perceptions Of The Constituent Assembly Regarding The Future Of Indian Polity

1696 words - 7 pages .  Discuss the perceptions of the Constituent Assembly regarding the future of Indian Polity.   Introduction- To know the perceptions of the framers of the Indian Constitution about the future Indian Polity, we have to go back to Nehru Report which published in 1928. This report is the “Blue Print of the Indian Constitution”. In fact, Nehru Report was the outcome of the Indians themselves trying for the first time to frame their own

The Soviet Union, The United States, And The Roots Of The Korean War

1642 words - 7 pages The Korean War was an episode in the Cold War. When the Soviet Union and U.S. fought over Communism and Democracy it caused war in Korea. Most people known this war as the Forgotten War. This is because it not was not nearly important as in the national consciousness of the United States as the Second World War, the Vietnam War, or the 1991 Gulf War. One reason that the Korean War has been 'forgotten' is that, with the exception of the Inchon