With the assassination of President McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt,
not quite 43, became the youngest President in the Nation's history. He
brought new excitement and power to the Presidency, as he vigorously led
Congress and the American public toward progressive reforms and a strong
He took the view that the President as a "steward of the people"
should take whatever action necessary for the public good unless expressly
forbidden by law or the Constitution." I did not usurp power," he wrote,
"but I did greatly broaden the use of executive power."
Teddy's years as a child were not all gasping for breath. Teddy
was a very curious child. He loved to go outside ...view middle of the document...
Teddy, still grieving from the loss of Alice and his mother, went
to the Dakota Territories for several years. He later said that he
wouldn't have been the same if it wasn't for the years he spent in the
Dakota Territories." When he got back from the Dakota's he married Edith
Carow. In the Spanish-American war in 1898, Theodore was the commander of
a cavalry known as "The Rough Riders." His work there helped him become
elected as the Governor of New York the same year.
During the Spanish-American War, Roosevelt was lieutenant colonel
of the Rough Rider Regiment, which he led on a charge at the battle of San
Juan. He was one of the most conspicuous heroes of the war.
Boss Tom Platt, needing a hero to draw attention away from
scandals in New York State, accepted Roosevelt as the Republican candidate
for Governor in 1898. Roosevelt won and served with distinction.
As President, Roosevelt held the ideal that the Government should
be the great arbiter of the conflicting economic forces in the Nation,
especially between capital and labor, guaranteeing justice to each and
dispensing favors to none.
Roosevelt emerged spectacularly as a "trust buster" by forcing the
dissolution of a great railroad combination in the Northwest. Other
antitrust suits under the Sherman Act followed.
Roosevelt steered the United States more actively into world
politics. He liked to quote a favorite proverb, "Speak softly and carry a
big stick. . . . "
Aware of the strategic need for a shortcut between the Atlantic
and Pacific, Roosevelt ensured the construction of the Panama Canal. His
corollary to the Monroe Doctrine prevented the establishment of foreign
bases in the Caribbean and arrogated the sole right of intervention in
Latin America to the United States.
He won the Nobel Peace Prize for mediating the Russo-Japanese War,
he also reached a Gentleman's Agreement on immigration with Japan, and he
sent the Great White Fleet on a goodwill tour of the world.
Some of Theodore Roosevelt's most effective achievements...