This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Spanish Expedition Essay

1125 words - 5 pages

Spanish Expeditions to the Philippines

The Magellan Expedition
Your Ad Here
Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese in the service of the Spanish crown, was looking for a westward route to the to the Spice Islands of Indonesia. On March 16, 1521, Magellan's expedition landed on Homonhon island in the Philippines. He was the first European to reach the islands. Rajah Humabon of Cebu was friendly with Magellan and embraced Christianity, but their enemy, Lapu-Lapu was not. Humabon wanted Magellan to kill Lapu-Lapu while Magellan wanted to convert Lapu-Lapu into Christianity. On April 17, 1521, Magellan sailed to Mactan and ensuing battle killed Magellan by the natives lead by Lapu-Lapu. Out of ...view middle of the document...

Only the last two actually reached the Philippines; and only Legazpi succeeded in colonizing the Islands.
The Villalobos Expedition
Ruy Lopez de Villalobos set sail for the Philippines from Navidad, Mexico on November 1, 1542. He followed the route taken by Magellan and reached Mindanao on February 2, 1543. He established a colony in Sarangani but could not stay long because of insufficient food supply. His fleet left the island and landed on Tidore in the Moluccas, where they were captured by the Portuguese.
Villalobos is remembered for naming our country “Islas Filipinas,” in honor of King Charles’ son, Prince Philip, who later became king of Spain.
The Legazpi Expedition
Since none of the expedition after Magellan from Loaisa to Villalobos had succeeded in taking over the Philippines, King Charles I stopped sending colonizers to the Islands. However, when Philip II succeeded his father to the throne in 1556, he instructed Luis de Velasco, the viceroy of Mexico, to prepare a new expedition – to be headed by Miguel Lopez de Legazpi, who would be accompanied by Andres de Urdaneta, a priest who had survived the Loaisa mission.
On February 13, 1565, Legaspi's expedition landed in Cebu island. After a short struggle with the natives, he proceeded to Leyte, then to Camiguin and to Bohol. There Legaspi made a blood compact with the chieftain, Datu Sikatuna as a sign of friendship. Legaspi was able to obtain spices and gold in Bohol due to his friendship with Sikatuna. On April 27, 1565, Legaspi returned to Cebu; destroyed the town of Raja Tupas and establish a settlement. On orders of the King Philip II, 2,100 men arrived from Mexico. They built the the port of Fuerza de San Pedro which became the Spanish trading outpost and stronghold for the region.
Hearing of the riches of Manila, an expedition of 300 men headed by Martin de Goiti left Cebu for Manila. They found the islands of Panay and Mindoro. Goiti arrived in Manila on May 8, 1570. At first they were welcomed by the natives and formed an alliance with Rajah Suliman, their Muslim king but as the locals sensed the true objectives of the Spaniards, a battle between the troops of Suliman and the Spaniards erupted. Because the Spaniards are more heavily armed, the Spaniards were able to conquer Manila. Soon after Miguel Lopez de Legazpi arrived to join Goiti in Manila. Legaspi built alliances and made peace with...

Other Essays Like Spanish Expedition

Discovery of Guiana (Sir Walter Raleigh)

2318 words - 10 pages expedition failed and he violated the terms of mission by destroying a Spanish town. - Before his second voyage he was warned not to molest Spanish possessions or ships on pain of his life. The expedition failed and he was executed under the original sentence of treason passed many years before. - He wrote “The Discovery of Guiana” in prison (the Tower of London) - Kind James invoked the suspended sentence of 1603, and in 1618

European Disease In The New World

673 words - 3 pages European Disease in the New World Humans possess an innate curiosity that drives us to explore the unknown. Documentation of exploration by sea goes as far back as 3200 B.C., when Pharaoh Snefru brought 40 ships from Byblus to Phoenicia, followed by the first recorded expedition of exploration from Egypt in 2750 B.C, ( Events such as these would eventually give way to a period of vigorous

AP world study sheet the west encounters Americas

530 words - 3 pages raw materials and it was a forced labor and this changed to wage labor because people did not want to work without pay and wage labor was used to higher people as miners Political was a change because in the beginning the spanish had a reason for their expeditions which was to find a route to Asia and then the reason for the expedition had changed once they were in the Americas because the natives were harmless and easy to convert barking the idea to create a land empire.

Expantion of a Nation

1313 words - 6 pages . Sacagawea was married to a French trader names Charbonneau. She was about 15 years old on the expedition and was 6 months pregnant. She carried her son through the whole trip, which lasted 2 years and four months. This expedition opened a passage west to the Pacific. The states that made up the Louisiana Purchase are Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Nebraska, Kansas, South Dakota, North Dakota, Wyoming, and Montana. Treaty of

Philippine Literature

5798 words - 24 pages Philippine literature is the literature associated with the Philippines and includes the legends of prehistory, and the colonial legacy of the Philippines. Most of the notable literature of the Philippines was written during the Spanish period and the first half of the 20th century in Spanish language. Philippine literature is written in Spanish, English,Tagalog, and/or other native Philippine languages. Contents  [hide]  * 1 Early works

Aztec and Inca Empire

1596 words - 7 pages Tenochtitlan * When he arrived Montezuma believed he was Quetzalcoatl and thus allowed him entry into the city as well as gifts of gold and precious stones * The Spanish were able to then take control of the city and hold Montezuma as their hostage * Cortes then ordered the Aztecs to stop with their practice of human sacrifice * Cortes was then forced to return to Cuba to stop another Spanish expedition from taking his spoils * While

The Parliament as the Main Innovator Between 1625 and 1629

574 words - 3 pages , this affronted Charles but Parliament had no choice because they were not ready to trust Charles with large amounts of grants when they were not sure about his plans. Despite promises Charles launched the disastrous mansfeld expedition. From what Parliament could see Buckingham Charles’s chief minister was influencing Charles dominantly. Charles believed the problems in Parliament were linked to a small group of MPs

Analysis of Latin America

1467 words - 6 pages arrival of Christopher Columbus, the Spaniard who tried to find a faster passage to Asia but instead would discover by accident the Americas. Columbus would get started with his voyage after asking the Queen and King of Spain to fund his expedition so he could bring wealth to the Spanish Empire. During this time, the Spanish had been fight a war to expel the Moors out of its Kingdom and all those who were not of catholic faith. This included people of

Juan Ponce de Leon Essay

732 words - 3 pages Juan Ponce de Leon Juan Ponce de Leon was born in the village of Terra de Campos Palencia in Spain. He was descended from the Spanish royal family. As a boy he was a page in the royal court of Aragon, he became well educated in astronomy, physics, geometry, mathematics, astronomy, and several different languages. Juan was very poor so he became a solider and received fighting skills, manners, and learned more about his religion while serving a

Aztec Empire

2266 words - 10 pages palaces into a fortress. Velasquez, fearing Cortes was gaining too much power, sent an expedition under Narvaez to deprive Cortes of his command. These men however faced the same fate as their Native American counterparts and were forced to fight with Cortes under his rule or die. While preoccupied fighting the forces Velasquez had sent over, the Aztecs attacked the Spanish forces that were left without its ruler. Their attacks were continued after

Christopher Columbus' History Of Genocide

3252 words - 14 pages Much of Christopher Columbus’s early life is of a mystery. Even his nationality was a point of debate for many years. He has been claimed by the Spanish, Portuguese, French, Norwegians, and Jews (Hurst 1) but many historians have now agreed that he was born of Italian origin. Columbus was born in 1451, in Genoa Italy, to a family of weavers. Genoa was a major mercantile center like its counterpart, Venice. Going by the motto “In the

Related Papers

The Latin American Wars Of Independence

1566 words - 7 pages The Latin American wars of independence were notably conducive to the decline of the Spanish Empire however, the decline can not be attributed singularly to the Latin American wars of Independence as there were other subsidiary factors involved. The Latin American wars of independence were a series of revolutions within South America causing Venezuela, Ecuador, Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, Chile, Peru, Mexico, Haiti and Columbia to become

Spanish Exploration And Colonization Of The New World

685 words - 3 pages SPANISH EXPLORATION AND* COLONIZATION* OF THE NEW WORLD Charles Walker History HIST 101 03 Jan 2010 Alvar Cabeza de Vaca thought he was going to settle near the coast when his party approached Florida in 1528. But after a series of tragedies, he and 300 other people were abandoned on shore.2 The men traveled west unaware of their location. They built rafts to cross the Gulf Coast, and by the end of their first year, only four

The Pueblo Indians Essay

644 words - 3 pages Franciscan missionary Marcos de Niza. A year later the Spanish explorer Francisco Vaasquez de Coronado, searching for the legendary Seven Cities of Ciibola, led an expedition among the Hopi people. When failing to find any treasure, he withdrew. In 1598, the Spanish occupied the Pueblo country, and by 1630 Spanish missions were established in almost every village. A mass Pueblo revolt in 1680 drove the Spanish from the territory. No other indigenous

Balboa, A Spanish Conqueror And Explorer

815 words - 4 pages 1502 they sailed to the Hispanola, the main Spanish base in America. Vasco had a very rough time making a living on the island. For a time he even raised pigs there. Balboa´s rise to fame was one that happened little by little. In 1509, the first expedition to colonize the mainland of South America left Hispanola. Balboa wanted to join this expedition, but he had fallen heavily into debt, and he was prevented from leaving Hispanola. On