SPANISH EXPLORATION AND* COLONIZATION* OF THE NEW WORLD
03 Jan 2010
Alvar Cabeza de Vaca thought he was going to settle near the coast when his party approached Florida in 1528. But after a series of tragedies, he and 300 other people were abandoned on shore.2 The men traveled west unaware of their location. They built rafts to cross the Gulf Coast, and by the end of their first year, only four survived, including Cabeza de Vaca. The small band of men spent years traveling across the arid plains of Texas and the deserts of New Mexico, making them the first explorers of the Southwest.
The story of Cabeza de Vaca made his way through hostile ...view middle of the document...
A handful of Spanish explorers kept looking for the Seven Cities of Cibola between 1563 and 1596. Needless to say, none found it, although they did explore and map vast areas of New Mexico and Colorado. Meanwhile, other Spanish expeditions were exploring the continent’s Pacific coast.
The Spanish Empire now covered a huge area of North America, from Vancouver Island all the way south to Mexico, and from the Pacific Coast to the Great Plains. Territories in the east included all of Florida and parts of South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, and Texas.
The Spanish treated the natives as slaves and like barbarians. Cortez conquered the Aztecs in 1519 and Pizarro conquered the Incas in 1531. The natives for the most part were treated badly because of their beliefs and that the Spanish thought they lived in a backwards society. The Spanish started to setup missions, to convert the natives to Catholicism. The ones that did not convert were either killed or enslaved. Due to this kind of...