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Spartan Society To The Battle Of Leutra

1098 words - 5 pages

Spartan Society to The Battle of LeutraA) Name 2 Geographical features in the region of Sparta- Eurotas River/ The river Sparta is located on- Close to the Isthmus connecting them to the rest of GreeceB) What are TWO roles of Spartan women?- Lycurgus states that physical fitness is the "most important activity of freeborn women", producing healthy offspring being Spartan women's most prominent role. According to Xenophon childbearing was their most important function.- Spartan women maintained the household while men were absent training for military service, which was the main aim of the education system. This was an important role, which enabled Spartan men to become professional military ...view middle of the document...

Each month they offered sacrifices to Apollo, Herodotus recounts, "On the first and seventh days of each king is given a full grown animal to offer in sacrifice in the temple of Apollo". Before a campaign, the Gods also sacrificed to Zeus and it was favourable they kept their sacrifices for the campaign. Two Pythoi were appointed to consult the oracle at Delphi.- Kings had limited judicial duties however, did decide on marriages of orphans, control of matters concerning the highways and adoption of Spartan children.- The kings had many special honours and marks of distinction. The kings were supported at the expense of the state and when on military service where "allowed for their own use as many cattle as they wish" (Herodotus). They also received parts of the spoils of war and the skins of sacrificed animals. They were treated with much honour and respect, such as at the syssition they were served the first meal and were given double portions according to Herodotus. They were given seats of honour at religious festivals, and a standing ovation when they entered the assembly. When a king died, they were remembered by special ceremonies and a man and women form each household had to wear a sign of mourning. After the death of the King, the people declared that the late king was the best they ever had and no public meetings or elections could be held for ten days after the official mourning. This depicts the significance and god-like qualities the king possesses within Sparta.E) With reference to source 9 and other evidence, explain the roles of the Perioikoi in Spartan society.- The Perioikoi or "Dwellers around" played an extremely important role within Spartan society. The Perioikoi commanded al the passes into Laconia; they formed half the Spartan army and contributed to the chain of command. They were hard workers...

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