This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Sports On The 1940's Essay

1046 words - 5 pages

-------------------------------------------------
Sports in the 1940’s
Sports and War.
World War II shaped sports in the 1940s, as it did all of American culture. The sports world did its best to maintain business as usual, but all organized games and contests were disrupted after 7 December 1941, when the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor, and the disruption continued until well after the end of the war in August 1945. Able-bodied men were expected to serve in the military, and most qualified professional athletes answered the call. Early in 1941 sports stars inducted into the armed forces included baseball player Hank Greenberg and football players Dave Smulker and Chuck Gelatka. By 1945, ...view middle of the document...

When Chuck Cooper from Duquesne University joined the Boston Celtics in 1950 to become the first black professional basketball player, games were canceled in protest. College football teams that included blacks were forced to call off games in mid-decade, especially in the South. Charles Pierce was the first black to play against a southern team, when Harvard, Pierce's team, played the University of Virginia in 1947.
Gender.
Just as the wartime labor shortage gave women opportunities to work at traditional men's jobs in defense plants, the shortage of men on the playing fields briefly gave women athletes a chance to play in the spot-light. With the threat of canceling the 1943 baseball season looming before the major league owners, Philip Wrigley of the Chicago Cubs and Branch Rickey, the managerial genius of the Brooklyn Dodgers, created the All-American Girls Baseball League, which enjoyed surprising, though brief, success. Women made lasting gains in the world of golf, due to the achievements of two spectacular stars, Mildred "Babe" Didrikson and Patty Berg, and women's tennis began to attract attention at the end of the decade when Gussie Moran brought sex appeal to the courts.
Money.
Professional sports took the first steps toward becoming big business after World War II. In the early 1940s professional sports were still reeling financially from the Depression. Professional basketball was unorganized, and players averaged only about $50 per week, playing 150 games a season. While attendance at baseball games dropped during the war, only 1943 was a disastrous year, and even then twelve of the sixteen major league teams reported profits. In 1947 players negotiated a minimum salary for the first time ($5,500 per year), and the owners agreed to establish the first players' pension fund. In the postwar years, as it became possible for teams to travel more and as television began providing revenue to teams, salaries soared. Saint Louis Cardinal star Stan Musial was making $50,000 per year by 1950, and he got a 70 percent raise the next year. Before the war professional football players earned an average of $150 per game; by 1949 their salaries had increased to an...

Other Essays Like Sports on the 1940's

Accounting and Finance Essay

1729 words - 7 pages ). This is an extract from a newspaper that is reporting on the losses of companies in FTSE 100, Sports Direct shares were at its lowest at this point in the month. 23rd of October 2014 Debenhams sees profitability gains despite subdued UK spending “It also said it was seeing "encouraging" signs from trialling concessions from companies including Sports Direct and Whitbread (LSE: WTB.L - news)’s Costa Coffee in an attempt to use its store space

Factors That Shape Policies in Sports Development

2188 words - 9 pages to sensitize the players on the benefits of sports that include economic development as well as physical health (Coalter, 2007). Such empowerment will entice more people to join various sports. Besides, the government will even establish sporting facilities to accommodate more players. Such an initiative is one of the tool that will be instrumental in improving sports at the ground level. Specific teams will arrange competitions to gauge the

Gggggg

717 words - 3 pages even still today. Racism doesn't only occur on the field. Today the management side of sports is more racist then the on field part. Racism is a problem that existed in sport when it first originated and continues to exist even in the world of sport today.Racism in sports occurs in both team and individual sports around the world. Sports itself does not induce racism. Sports are meant to be a colorblind activity that adheres to the notion of fair

Sports Gambling Term Paper

3538 words - 15 pages Plaza Hotel in downtown Las Vegas opened the first casino sports book in 1975. A sports book is a place where a bet can be made on a sporting event. Nevada is the only state where a person can bet on an individual game or sporting event legally. A person can bet on almost every professional sport, along with some collegiate sports, which mainly consist of men s basketball and football. The sports books in Las Vegas each have huge electronic odds

Performance Enhancing Drugs in Sports - Paper

881 words - 4 pages come with great benefits to them. Some benefits of using sports enhancing drugs include; physical enhancement, bigger body mass, improves strength and endurance, improved performance. Steroids increase muscle mass and strength which helps athletes recover quicker from injuries. While these benefits can be great, what would that say for a sport itself if it lifted the ban on performance enhancing drugs? The moral integrity of the sport would be

Lawrence Sports Working Capital Policy

2589 words - 11 pages with Gartner Products and Murray Leather Works. However, working with Gartner Products and Murray Leather Works on lowering the "upfront" costs and extending the payments out will allow Lawrence time to collect from Lawrence Sports' customer(s) and make timely payments. Lawrence could request a percentage off the net, such as 2%/15/net 30, as an incentive to pay the balance within the 15-day grace period. By lowering the upfront costs to 25% and

The Evolution Of The American Dream

1735 words - 7 pages founding fathers in the 1920’s. A return to family values and hard work found its way back into American’s lives in the 1940’s. The same pursuit of that indulgent lifestyle that was popular in the roaring twenty’s has returned today for most Americans, many Americans are living on credit and thinking that money and the accumulation of material items can solve all problems. Through film, literature, art and music, an idealized version of what it means

Sports Betting

1620 words - 7 pages advertising odds for sports betting 3 Broadcasting Services Act 1992 3 A Bill for an Act to amend the Broadcasting Services Act 1992, and for related purposes The Parliament of Australia enacts: 1 Short title This Act may be cited as the Broadcasting Services Amendment (Advertising for Sports Betting) Act 2013. 2 Commencement This Act commences on the day this Act receives the Royal Assent. 3 Schedule(s) Each Act that is

Women vs. Men

790 words - 4 pages Tyren, “Women’s sports are a lot of times boring to me. Men sports are way faster paced than women, basketball especially. It seems like we play on a totally different level and I do not know if the women will ever get anywhere close to the men’s talent” (Johnson). Everyone’s opinion is the same and if people want to love women sports, it is often hard because they are always drawn to the sport that men play. Why is it that men’s

Gender Norms And Regimes In British Sport

3102 words - 13 pages in the past periods men have successfully re-established male dominance both in general and at the level of ideas. Even the spectator sport, the sport we see on television, sets the scene for the production of gender difference and emphasis of men`s sport. Large amounts of money have been spent on township development of traditional male sports, including cricket, rugby and soccer. Although girls play cricket and soccer, they do so in tiny

Sports Authority

1825 words - 8 pages .). (2015, July 21). Sports Authority's play to take on Dick's. Retrieved October 7, 2015. Murpy, K. (2014, February 7). Sports Authority's New CEO Outlines Past Issues, Plans For Future Success. Retrieved October 7, 2015. Pringle, S. (2014, March 26). Sports Authority attempts to make a comeback. Retrieved October 7, 2015. Robbins, S., & Judge, T. (2009). Organizational behavior (13th ed.). Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson Prentice Hall. Sports Authority - About Us. Retrieved October 7, 2015. The Sports Authority, Inc. SWOT Analysis Library Database

Related Papers

Prohibition And The Effects On Culture And Society In The 1920's

1491 words - 6 pages "No person shall, on or after the date when the 18th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States goes into effect, manufacture, sell, barter, transport, import, export, deliver, furnish or possess any intoxicating liquor except as authorized in this act" (Title II, Section 3 National Prohibition Act). At midnight on January 16th, 1920 the 18th Amendment to the Constitution was put into action, and the United States of America went dry

Short Answer Question On The American Civil War: Explain The 'total War' Policy Of General Ulysses S. Grant. Do You Approve Of This Policy?

582 words - 3 pages General Ulysses S. Grant was of the Union Army in the Civil War. He had a policy knows as the 'total war' policy. He believed that when you have an enemy, you aren't only fighting against its army, but you are fighting against its society. He thought that killing the enemy's army isn't enough in a war. One should destroy all buildings and shops and plantations (for the Southern states). He wanted to destroy all the means by which the enemy could

T. Shih, K. Davis, S. Schoenbaum, A. Gauthier, R. Nuzum, And D. Mccarthy, Organizing The U.S. Health Care Delivery System For High Performance (New York: The Commonwealth Fund Commission On A High...

931 words - 4 pages T. Shih, K. Davis, S. Schoenbaum, A. Gauthier, R. Nuzum, and D. McCarthy, Organizing the U.S. Health Care Delivery System for High Performance (New York: The Commonwealth Fund Commission on a High Performance Health System, Aug. 2008). 2 Information about Kaiser Permanente was synthesized in part from a presentation by CEO George Halvorson to a Commonwealth Fund Commission on a High Performance Health Care System meeting in San

Analyze The Leadership Style (S) Of A Senior (Ceo, Cfo, Coo, Director, Etc) In Your Current Or Previous Organization Who Made A Positive Or Negative Impact On You

1797 words - 8 pages (Marquis, 2009, 27). The process needs some keen procedures to make it accurate. 3. Leading/Directing- this is a managerial function that is based on the concept where the management is confidently able to persuade and supervise the performance of the staff in achieving the company's goals. The process also includes the aspect of helping the individuals achieve relatively their personal goals and the various careers that the individuals may have