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Study Guide Chapter 3 Essay

1533 words - 7 pages

Religion can be defined as Religion is the relationship between a human being and the superhuman power.

The various ways in which religion is expressed include (name five only) feelings of fear, legend, myths, prayer, rituals, and the application of religious precepts to the conduct of social life.

Early modernization theorists viewed religion (with regard to politics) as an obstacle to modernization; Religion undermines socio-economic development; It undermines the development of modern states; They hoped that modernization of the Third World would lead to gradual decline of religion from public life; eventual disappearance of religion; That did not happen; Religion is very much ...view middle of the document...

The meeting of Church and State in many developing countries can be explained as follows there’s no constitutional separation between church and state; religion is firmly imbedded in these countries , religious organizations and beliefs continue to influence political behavior , indeed, religion is very central to traditional values, many people often identify national or regional cultures by the predominant religion. Religion and modernity influence one another.

The four great religions of the Third World are Catholicism (Christianity); Islam; Hinduism; and Buddhism.

There are only four religions in the Third World countries false (true/false)

The names of other religions that are found in the Third World include Protestantism (part of Christianity), Judaism, Confucianism, Christian Orthodox (Minorities), Scientology and Local traditional religions (Animism; Totem);

Most religions have internal divisions that generate political and cultural tensions, which eventually lead to conflict true (false/true).

We have seen that modernization produces the decline in religious observance in developing countries false (true/false).

Justify your answer Initially, religious leaders opposed modernization; But they now use the tools provided by modernization to preach and disseminate their ideas; They use the radio, television, Internet, audio tapes, video-tapes, others technologies, including guns; They use them to reinforce their traditional beliefs and practices.

Two of the factors that explain the difference in the political impact of the Third World’s four main major religions are because of each religion’s theological view on the relationships between socio-political matters and spiritual matters; and also the quality (degree) of hierarchical structure of each religion.

Give a brief description of Islam since its inception world’s largest second religion; found in the Middle East, other parts of Asia, and Africa; spreading in other parts of the World; counts nearly 1.57 billion members (Muslims) worldwide; The Islamic law is called Shariah; Shariah mean the path of God. The Quran means divinely defined law; Religious Muslims believe that God wants them to live in a community that is governed in accordance with Quran; They don’t believe in secularization of society; They don’t believe in the separation between religion and the state; The bond between the two remains strong;

Variation within Muslim societies has led to the development of the following three types of Islamic regimes The secular state, Islamic states, and Muslim states.

Elaborate on one of the three types of Islamic regimes of your choice In the Islamic states they base their governing philosophies on the Quran. Examples of such states include Afghanistan under the Taliban, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Pakistan, and Libya.

Give a brief description of the organizational structure of Catholicism extensively penetrated both developed countries and developing...

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