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Studying The History Of Warfare Essay

1012 words - 5 pages

Throughout history there have been changes in the conduct of war, military organization, as well as the evolution of weapons and information technology, military organization and doctrine. Military professionals will understand how warfare is conducted today by studying the historical changes shaping military warfare. Changes in warfare arrived from what we can identify as military revolution, a radical change in military strategy and tactics, and revolution in military affairs, a fundamental change in the nature of warfare.
Every major war in the early modern period of western history produced a military revolution which resulted in significant improvements to weaponry and rendering ...view middle of the document...

Revolution in military affairs takes place when one of the participants in a conflict or war integrates new technology, organization, and doctrine into the battlefield to the extent that victory is accomplished instantaneously. It involves a paradigm shift in the nature and conduct of military operations which either renders obsolete or irrelevant one or more competencies of a dominant player or creates one or more new core competencies in some new dimension of warfare. Creation of the modern and effective nation state based on organized military power in the 17 century, the French revolution and the industrial revolution (beginning at the same time during the period 1789-1815) and First World War are cited as significant events that brought changes in the political, social and cultural arenas as to be largely uncontrollable, unpredictable and above all, unforeseeable.
Throughout history nations have always pursed innovation in increase military effectiveness. Acceleration of evolutionary technological change combined with associated operational and organizational transformation has altered the characteristics of war over the past two hundred years. Developments in technology such as the change over from wooden sailing ships to steam powered armored hulls railways, which have progressively shaped warfare. The invention of artillery revolutionized old siege warfare. In 1600, ship-borne artillery, better fortress construction methods and muskets brought a three-way revolution. The first precision-guided munitions were used in 1972. Satellites were used for reconnaissance in 1961 and for communications in Vietnam in 1965.
During the 1800’s, firearms, like muskets, flintlocks and rifles, were used in warfare. The weapons required reloading each time they were fired, which led to one of the greatest revolution military affairs and of its time the machine gun. The machine gun made it possible to automatically and continuously fire belts of small arms ammunition. Due to the ability of the machine gun to fire many rounds successively, there was no longer a need to amass riflemen, exposing large number of troops to easy devastation by artillery fire, which led to a military revolution that changed military tactics, training, and organization during WWI.
Today’s industrial technology, which...

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