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# Subnetting Assistiance Essay

1098 words - 5 pages

8 equal subnets using the following IP range: 205.32.16.0/24.
They have offices in 5 different locations:
1. New York with 17 workstations
2. Chicago with 15 workstations
3. Los Angeles with 20 workstations
4. Phoenix with 11 workstations
5. Boston with 22
6th site anticipated.
NOTE: There are only 6 locations, requiring 6 subnets of EQUAL size. This does NOT mean you will use the entire /24 block of addresses. In other words, there WILL be enough space for 2 more subnets (8 equal subnets total) but we WILL NOT allocate the remaining space to sites. Simply document the beginning and ending address of the unused space for the final 10 points of the project.
Here is ...view middle of the document...

x.x.x), you will result in 255:
128+64+32+16+8+4+2+1=255
Remember that we can have a total of 256 because all 0’s = 0 (255.255.255.0)
When we increase a subnet, we use the NEXT 1 in the sequence SO if 00000000 was our octet, the NEXT would be 10000000 OR 128 as the value (255.255.255.128)
One more note on subnets: Once an octet maxes out at 255, your IP address range cannot increase anymore in that octet.
Subnet | 255 | 255 | 255 | 0 |
IP Address | 205 | 32 | 16 | 0 |
Usable | 255 means the 205 cannot increase | 255 means the 32 cannot increase | 255 means the 16 cannot increase | 0 means we can use 256 addresses in this octet (0 – 255) |

205.32.16.0 – 205.32.16.255 (0 counts as an address and the range ends at 255 equaling 256 total)
We need to take the address of 205.32.16.0 /24 and break it down into 6 EQUAL address blocks. We also need to be able to assign at least 26 addresses per address block to accommodate all nodes at the largest site.
1. New York with 17 workstations * 20% growth (17 * .2 = 3.4) =17+3 = 20 total
2. Chicago with 15 workstations * 20% growth (15 * .2 = 3) =17+3 = 20 total
3. Los Angeles with 20 workstations * 20% growth (20 * .2 = 4) =20 + 4 = 24 total
4. Phoenix with 11 workstations * 20% growth (11 * .2 = 2.2) =11+2 = 13 total
5. Boston with 22* 20% growth (22 * .2 = 4.4) =22+4 = 26 total
However, 6 will not equally go into 256 SO, we will break it into 8 total EQUAL shares (256/8 = 32).
Will 32 accommodate the largest site? Yes!
Whew…how do we determine a subnet…
We know 256 is the total possible values for the range owned (205.32.16.0 – 205.32.16.255)
How do we limit the network to ONLY hold 32 possible IP’s? Through the use of our assigned subnet for that site!
If we assign 255.255.255.0 to one site, all...

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