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Summary Of Magna Carta, Federalist Papers, Mayflower Compact & Declaration Of Independence

1289 words - 6 pages

Running head: TIMELINE

Jakia Turner
Grand Canyon University
POS 301

Our founding fathers wanted to build a country that worked for the American people. They wanted independence from Britain so that they could be free to establish rules and laws separate from Britain. They built our country based on their beliefs and did not allow their differences to cloud their judgment of what was best for the country. They often wrote their thoughts and beliefs down on paper. Being a young nation, there were problems that motivated them to create different documents to clearly define things for our country. They came up with and drafted documents such as the Magna Carta, The ...view middle of the document...

Just as our founding fathers believed that no one man should have to much power; that is what the Magna Carta is about. It pulled from old and new laws and placed in this document so that the King would rule based on these laws.
The Magna Carta is important to American history because it “is considered the founding document of English liberties and hence American liberties” (Magna Carta 1215, 2011). “The influence of the Magna Carta can be seen in the United States Constitution and the Bill of Rights” (Magna Carta 1215, 2011). “Article twenty-one from the Declaration of Rights in the Maryland Constitution of 1776” is an example of the Magna Carta in the US Constitution. (Magna Carta1215, 2011). It states “that no free man ought to be taken, or imprisoned, disseized of his freehold, liberties, privileges, outlawed, exiled, or in any manner destroyed, deprived of his life, liberty or property; but by the judgment of his peers, or by the law of the land” (Magna Carta 1215, 2011).
The Mayflower Compact “is a written agreement composed by a consensus of the new settlers arriving at New Plymouth in November of 1620” (Mayflower Compact 2011). “It was drawn up with fair and equal laws, for the general good of the settlement and with the will of the majority” (Mayflower compact 2011). The Mayflower Compact basically states that the country is founded by God and was signed by the men “who honored God and set their founding principles by the words of the Bible. They lived their lives with honesty, reliability and fairness toward establishing this country for the sake of survival” (Mayflower Compact 2011).
The Mayflower Compact is important because it “is often cited as one of the foundations of the US Constitution because the creation of the Mayflower begins with the Pilgrims in England” (Martin, 2011). Overall, “the Mayflower Compact was a social contract where by the forty-one men who signed it agreed to abide by the new government’s laws in exchange for shared protection” (Martin, 2011).
The Declaration of Independence is simply a document that states that America wants its independence from Britain. It was adopted in July 1776. “The thirteen colonies and Great Britain had been at war for years” and the relationship was going sour since the war (Martin, 2011). The war was causing money issues for Britain; therefore, Britain declared to increase taxes from the thirteen colonies. Colonists became upset and felt that the Parliament did not have the right to raise taxes from the colonies. Thomas Jefferson played a major role in writing the Declaration of Independence. This document is important to American history because it defines the American people’s intent for freedom and why America wanted to cut ties with Great Britain.
The Articles of Confederation clearly defines individual state rights. It was originally called the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union. “The purpose of the Articles was to provide general government...

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