Unit 4227-136 Support children’s learning and development in
the early years.
1.2 Evaluate the relationship between theoretical perspectives
and early years curriculum models.
Pavlov, Watson and Skinner believes learning can be affected by rewards and punishments.
Behaviour can be changed or shaped by providing positive reinforcements and while punishments may reduce undesirable behaviours, they do not replace these with desirable behaviours. This theory is a strong foundation in the after school setting working very well with children 4 to 6 years, children of this age thrive with reward and positive praise, it develops a sense of pride and ...view middle of the document...
The child also relates now to past and future this helps with getting the children involved in their own planning. During this stage we notice that the younger child is also ecocentric and may enjoy playing alone or beside another child instead of within a group. In our older setting where the children are between the age of 7 and 11 years explains and relates to Piagets concrete operational stage. During this time Piaget believed that children start to think logically about concrete events but find it difficult to understand hypothetical situations. These groups of children are becoming more sociocentric, playing in small peer groups, they also realise other children’s opinions matter, and by allowing social activities we are developing this stage.
This also follows closely with Vgostsky theory that children are active in their learning and learn through social interaction.
Children use language to develop through process. Also the zone of proximal development describes what a child can achieve with help.
We carry out the principles of a child lead environment. Vgostsky theory backs up our objectives that each child carries out there own activities firstly without any adult intervention, we build on the basis that they work together in groups with other children to solve problem, only if the task becomes to difficult or impossible for the child to conquer alone then the adult will step in and assist. I feel Bruner theory backs up the theories by Vgostsky and through observing the children we put Bruners theory that children develop different ways of thinking at different times in their lives, this assists us in providing the tools to enable that child to develop to their full ability.
Montessori saw that children learn best by doing and that happy self-motivated learners form positive images of themselves as confident, successful people. This theory also works well with the above theories and backs up our programme for the after school child.
Montessori also saw that children held within them something wonderful, something so special that it could be the key to changing the world. She saw that they were inherently good and that, if allowed to develop freely, they felt...