Final EssayArt Appreciation
Art Movement -Surrealism
“Although the dream is a very strange phenomenon and an inexplicable
mystery, far more inexplicable is the mystery and aspect of our minds
confer on certain objects and aspects of life.”
g. de Chirico
Surrealism is a style of art in which the artist use the element of surprise and unexpected juxtapositions to evoke the imagination and mystery of the subconscious mind. Its intent was to create a liberated mind by the portrayal of everyday reality in an imaginative, dream-like manner. The surrealism art movement is one that included Freudian theories of the unconscious mind, and defy the ...view middle of the document...
” Breton wrote the manifesto of 1924 that defines the purposes of the group. He included citations of the influences on Surrealism, examples of Surrealist works and discussion of Surrealist automatism. He defined Surrealism as
Dictionary: Surrealism, n. Pure psychic automatism, by which one proposes to express, either verbally, in writing, or by any other manner, the real functioning of thought. Dictation of thought in the absence of all control exercised by reason, outside of all aesthetic and moral preoccupation. Encyclopedia: Surrealism. Philosophy. Surrealism is based on the belief in the superior reality of certain forms of previously neglected associations, in the omnipotence of dream, in the disinterested play of thought. It tends to ruin once and for all other psychic mechanisms and to substitute itself for them in solving all the principal problems of life
Breton, a poet, was a trained psychiatrist who among other poets was influenced by the psychological theories and dream studies of Sigmund Freud. The use of Freudian methods of free association led to the tapping into of the private world of the mind which is restricted by reason, logic, and social dictations to create an unexpected and refreshing form of imagery.
Surrealism has impacted many other fields than art. A broader view of Surrealism includes a range of creative acts of revolt and the effort to liberate the imagination.
Surrealists believe that non-Western cultures also provide a continued source of inspiration for Surrealist activity because some may strike up a better balance between instrumental reason and imagination in flight than Western culture. Surrealism has had an identifiable impact...