Sustainable Tourism Development In Heritage Sites

4981 words - 20 pages

Sustainable Tourism Development
in Heritage sites
-Examination paper-

Andra G



Table of contents

| Page |
1. Introduction ...………………………………………………………………………… | 1 |
2. Limitations ……….…………………………………………………………..…….…. | 1 |
3. Methodology ……………………………………………………………………….…. | 1 |
4. Theoretical framework ……………………………………………………..………… | 2 |
5. Analysis and discussions ..…………………………………………….……………… | 5 |
6. Conclusions …………………………………………………………...……………… | 11 |
References …………………………………………………………………….…………. | 12 |

1. Introduction
The aim of this paper is to analyze some of the main problems that occur when trying to implement sustainable development tourism in heritage ...view middle of the document...

3. Methodology
For realizing this study there have been taken a look at various study cases and articles which present the reality of the tourism industry in distinct heritage sites among the world, from which there have been selected for analyze three of the most representative cases in supporting answering to the research question of this study.
Almost all the data has been collected from the online libraries, most of the articles being published in the Journal of Sustainable Tourism, exception making the data from the theoretically framework which has been collected from university study material and other literature sources with regard to sustainable tourism development and heritage tourism.
For realizing the analyze, there has been used a post-positivist paradigm, by taking in consideration the facts from the study cases, analyzing them objectively and free of personal value.

4. Theoretical framework
According to UNESCO, heritage sites represent “our legacy from the past, what we live with today, and what we pass on to future generations”, which is filled with “irreplaceable sources of life and inspiration”. In 1972 UNESCO signed the Convention concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage which aims to engage countries worldwide to be aware of the need of protecting their natural and cultural heritage, by “establishing management plans for conservation”, “provide technical assistance and professional training”, increase “public awareness” of heritage values and “encourage involvement from the local communities and international cooperation in the cooperation in the conservation of our world's cultural and natural heritage” (UNESCO’s mission, 1992 - 2012).
The concept of heritage tourism is often overlapped with the concept of cultural heritage tourism, both referring to traveling with the interest of getting to know a place by its authentic roots in matters of culture and history (G. Richards, 1996). The National Trust for Historic Preservation (USA) defines heritage tourism as “travelling to experience the places and activities that authentically represent the stories and people of the past”, while it defines cultural heritage tourism as “travelling to experience the places and activities that authentically represent the stories and people of the past and present”; the only difference between the two definitions is that the cultural heritage tourism includes as well the present interest in the local communities of the site. But because visiting a heritage site can include both past and present, the concept has been set to the broad name of Heritage Tourism, auto including the interest not only for the past, but also for the present, including future consequences of the present touristic activity. Along with the need of thinking about the future generations and preservation of the natural and cultural heritage, there has developed the concept of sustainability, applied soon within several economic...

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