University of Phoenix Material
Syllogisms and Logic
PART I: SYLLOGISMS
To be a valid syllogism, the conclusion must be proven by the reasons. Carefully study the following syllogisms and decide if they are valid or invalid:
1. All zebras are striped animals.
No zebras are polar bears.
Therefore, no polar bears are striped animals.
2. All clowns are funny individuals.
Some sad people are clowns.
Therefore, some sad people are funny individuals.
3. Some sticky substances are yucky things.
All taffy is a sticky substance.
Therefore, some taffy is a yucky thing.
4. All items made of gold are expensive items.
Some rings are ...view middle of the document...
Answer the questions below.
1. What makes an argument deductive?
When you have an argument where the conclusion is based on premises that are assumed to be true. The premises support the conclusion.
2. Why do people use deduction?
Conclusions can be asserted if the premises are true. a valid deductive argument from those premises to a conclusion guarantees the truth of the conclusion.
3. Create a deductive argument. Label its parts.
It's sunny in Shreveport.
If it's sunny in Shreveport,
she won't be carrying an umbrella.
So, she won't be carrying an umbrella.
1. What makes an argument inductive?
The purpose of this argument is to establish the likely of it conclusion to be true.
2. Why do people use induction?
This premise can go beyond the premise(s) to form a conclusion that may be undetermined to be true, but still be valid in the argument.
3. Create an inductive argument. Label its parts.
Gabby is an excellent swimmer.
Gabby’s family has a swimming pool.
Gabby’s sister Allison must also be an excellent swimmer.
1. What role does emotion play in the critical thinking process?
Emotion does have some function in all kinds of thinking including analysis then resolution. Emotion is vital for creativity and creativity is vital for problem solving. Usually people put too much emotion in their thinking...