Symbolism Of Pigs In Animal Farm By George Orwell

1051 words - 5 pages

Symbolism of Pigs in Animal Farm by George Orwell
In Orwell's Animal Farm, the animals revolt against the cruel human leaders and set up a better method of farm management where all animals are equal. As time passes, the new leaders become greedy and corrupt, and the other animals realize conditions are just as miserable as before. There is a major connection between Animal Farm and Russian communism. The pigs are one of the most significant of these connections, representing the communist rulers of Russia, like Joseph Stalin and Leon Trotsky. Their traits, personalities, and actions are ...view middle of the document...

Both characters can be described as "cruel, corrupt, and selfish" ("Animal" 1). Napoleon rids himself of Snowball and takes control, and Stalin removes Trotsky and names himself "political heir" ("Joseph" 1). Neither Napoleon nor Stalin had any compassion; they "ruled with an iron fist and killed all those who opposed [them]" ("Animal" 1). While Napoleon reigns with his dogs and Squealer at his side, Stalin uses his KGB and propaganda to control the people (1). Both leaders purge their nations of suspected traitors and, in Napoleon's case, Snowball loyalists (Urban 2). Napoleon, like Stalin, traded with other neighboring areas for materials even though it was initially decided there would be no interactions. Under Napoleon and Stalin's rule, there is "productivity and economy growth but at great cost" ("Joseph" 1). Even though the economy grows more diverse, animals and humans are dying both physically and mentally.
In Animal Farm, Snowball, the brilliant leader, represents revolutionary Leon Trotsky. Both are intelligent, efficient, and inventive. They are smart, young speakers that want a better life for all individuals ("Animal" 1). Snowball is run out of Animal Farm by Napoleon; likewise, Trotsky is killed at the hands of Stalin (1). Snowball is considered an "enemy of the farm," and Trotsky is considered an "enemy of the people" (Urban 2). Both were "repeatedly denounced as traitor[s] by [their] native countr[ies], and wild lies were invented to discredit [them]" ("Animal" 1). Rumors spread about the leaders being in neighboring areas, and whenever something goes wrong, they are blamed.
Like Stalin and Trotsky in reality, Napoleon and Snowball go head to head on many controversial topics, like building the windmill and education. Orwell says, "At meetings, Snowball often won over the majority by his brilliant speeches, but Napoleon was better at canvassing support for himself in between times" (63). To set up a positive method of communism, Snowball and Trotsky use their writing skills and intelligence to sway the public (Buch 2). Meanwhile, Napoleon and Trotsky find ways to gain popularity without giving speeches and displaying their knowledge.
In the novel, Squealer the pig is symbolic of propaganda in Russia. Squealer, like propaganda, is persuasive and can "turn black to white" ("Animal" 1)....

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