Teaching Passive Voice To The Adult Students Using Inductive Approach

4317 words - 18 pages

Research Topic:
Teaching Passive Voice to the Adult Students Using Inductive Approach

Submitted to
Dr. Dil Afroze Quader
IML, Dhaka University

Submitted by
Md. Rezaul Islam
MA ELT,
IML, Dhaka University
Roll: 07

Abstract

The passive voice is an important grammatical structure that appears in every form of written and spoken English. Knowledge of this construction is vital for reading and writing English in everyday life. This paper introduces an inductive approach to English Passive teaching that can help students to rediscover their subconscious knowledge of English passive and bring it to consciousness, as the grammar of a language is acquired through abstracting a set ...view middle of the document...

Discussions on how and why to teach grammar have often been linked to theories of implicit and explicit instruction. Some theorists such as Krashen (1982; Krashen& Terrell, 1983) argued that learners could acquire a language implicitly through enough exposure to comprehensible input,
rejecting the need to teach formally the linguistic features of a FL. Others have insisted that it was essential for learners to notice the various forms of the language in order for the input to be processed, thus claiming that some form of explicit instruction was necessary (Schmidt, 1995; Swain, 1984, 1998; VanPatten, 1996). Researchers and classroom instructors approach the teaching of grammar with various strategies. While there seems to be a consensus on how to implement a deductive approach, i.e., the instructor explains the rule before practicing the use of the target structure, inductive instructional approaches have been implemented in various ways. Some rely on students to discover the rules by themselves (Shaffer, 1989). Others rely on focusing students’ attention on the targeted grammatical structure through an oral practice session followed by the completion of a model sentence (Herron & Tomasello, 1992). Adair-Hauck, Donato, and Cumo-Johanssen (2005) developed a four-stage approach to teaching grammar: the PACE model. PACE relies on the use of an integrated discourse or story that serves to highlight a linguistic structure and its usage in context. More precisely, P stands for Presentation of the target form through a contextualized story where the structure appears naturally and repeatedly within the story. After this initial input presentation, Attention to form is given: The instructor focuses students’ attention on a particular pattern of the language through a practice session including several examples. In the Co-construction phase, the instructor asks a series of guiding questions to engage learners in a collaborative understanding of the rule or explanation governing the target structure. Finally, instruction ends with an Extension activity, which gives students the opportunity to practice the linguistic structure that has just been discussed. The goal of the present study was to compare the effectiveness of the hybrid guided inductive approach on student learning of passive. While the current study used the same research design and procedures as implemented in previous studies, it targeted a new population of learners: adult students of Bangladesh.

Hypothesis:
Verbs are said to be either active (The executive committee approved the new policy) or passive (The new policy was approved by the executive committee) in voice. In the passive voice, the subject of the sentence is not a do-er, but is acted upon by some other agent or by something unnamed (The new policy was approved). The English passive has been notoriously difficult for EFL learners. However, a review of past literature indicates that little attention has been given to the...

Other Essays Like Teaching Passive Voice to the Adult Students Using Inductive Approach

Approach to the Problem Type of Research Design

980 words - 4 pages -designed program aimed at 7 years old children State school-lyceum #134 ● Programming courses are well implemented in school 1. Value proposition content RQ2: Does the company use an effective way to deliver and acknowledge potential customers about its unique values? H1: LoveToCode makes potential customers aware about its innovative approach of teaching IT courses for children. 1. Value proposition content H2: LoveToCode fails

The Adjusted Present Value Approach to Valuing Leveraged Buyouts1

2595 words - 11 pages 17 Valuation and Capital Budgeting for the Levered Firm 17A-5 www.mhhe.com/rwj We could analyze an LBO and generate the results of the second section of this appendix using this technique, but it would be a much more difficult process. We have tried to show that the APV approach is the preferred way to analyze a transaction in which the capital structure is not stable over time. Consider the WACC approach to valuing the KKR bid for RJR

Effect of Teaching Load to the Instructor’s Work Performance

2490 words - 10 pages In the country, colleges and universities have become the vital social force. They supply the countries work force. They always play major role in providing higher education to the youth. The teaching faculty is the very substance of a higher institution with the best instructor or professors. Compared with some foreign countries, in Ohio State University where students are educated in a research intensive environment and whose faculty is multi

The Best Way To Teach A Class: Teaching Methods

1171 words - 5 pages The best way to teach a class anything is to amalgamate various learning methods. This is no different when it comes to social studies or any other subject. An educator needs to rely on all the resources they can get their hands-on. A combination of methods and resources will reach every student and will help them master the new information better. There are many benefits to using different methods/techniques when teaching. One method may not

The Effects of Technology to Students Study Habit

2785 words - 12 pages also a major distraction for students. We cannot deny the fact that technology can be a major distraction when studying. Using the internet itself can be distracting because of all the social networking sites and the games that are available with just one click. Of course there is the usual cellphone, iPod and iPad which can really distract the students. This will all boil down to the age and the self discipline of the student. All parents and

Objectives and Challenges for Employers to Adopt and Implement the Strategic Approach to Hrd

2373 words - 10 pages corporate strategy (2000). Strategic approach to HRD is a relative new concept in HRD and training and development fields. It is not a traditional training and developing view of interventions in response to specific problems of organizations (Beer & Spector, 1998). A strategic approach to HRD is a multi-level concept whose contribution to the organization is to enhance its performance in the long-term (Garavan, 2007). It suggests that the HRD

It Has Been Claimed That the Humanistic Approach Has Little to Offer Psychology. Outline and Evaluate the Humanistic Approach in Psychology. Refer to at Least One Other Approach in Your Answer (12...

717 words - 3 pages much bad in the world?. The humanistic approach is very difficult to study as it has to study individuals using qualitative data which is very time consuming and makes it harder to interpret whereas if they used qualitative data it would easier to see a trend and also would make the research scientific.

Assess the Usefulness of Interactionist Approach to the Study of Society

928 words - 4 pages give people a particular impression of us. To do this we must control the impression our performance gives. This approach suggests that there is a front stage where we act out our roles and a backstage where we can be ourselves. This also suggests that we can play roles that we don’t really believe in like a confidence trickster we can manipulate others views of us. This relates to education, where the teacher will act in a professional, formal manner in order to act as a role model to to the students. Yet they will act more relaxed when they are at home.

Asses the Strengths and Weaknesses of the Functionalist Approach to Society

685 words - 3 pages Assess the strengths and weaknesses of the functionalist approach to society (33 marks) Functionalism is seen as a macro-scale approach to society it sees society as a system of interrelated parts or social institutions such as religion, the family and the economy. Therefore functionalism sees society as the human body or organic analogy meaning society is like an organism with basic needs that it must meet in order to survive. This is

Assess the Value of the Right Realist Approach to Crime and Deviance. (21 Marks)

684 words - 3 pages Assess the value of the right realist approach to crime and deviance. (21 marks) Right realists argue that crime today is a very real and growing problem. Right Realists argue that crime threatens society’s work ethic, social cohesion and destroys communities in society. Unlike other theories, Right realism focuses on the solutions for crime alongside the explanation of what causes crime in society, this approach also criticise labelling and

The European Union Approach To Cross Border Insolvencies. The European Insolvency Regulation

1514 words - 7 pages 1. Introduction:In an increasingly internationally operating business world, where from the commercial point of view, borders are just a nuisance and not very relevant, and an "open market approach" is often economically necessary, one would be inclined to ultimately aim at harmonisation of insolvency laws and the universal effect of insolvency proceedings. The tremendously increased speed of transport, travel, information and the

Related Papers

The Inquiry Approach To Learning Essay

892 words - 4 pages , demonstrate a desire to learn more, seek collaboration with their classmates, they are confident in doing science, and willing to take risks. Students are readily engaged in exploring science. They have curiosity, ponder observations, move around to get the materials they need, and have the opportunity to try out their ideas. Students are able to communicate using various amounts of methods. They express their ideas in journals, reporting, or drawing

Discuss The Psychodynamic Approach To Psychopathology

571 words - 3 pages approach is subjective this means you cannot create a testable hypothesis because you can not test the part of the mind we are not aware of. It is merely a matter of opinion and is unscientific. The theory is also very difficult to approve and disprove, this is because if a person behaves the way Freud predicted then it proves the theory. But, if they act differently to what Freud predicted then the theory is not rejected it could simply mean that the persons behaviour is a consequence of their defence mechanism. However, the strength of the psychodynamic approach is that it shows how early childhood experiences can affect our personality in adult life.

The Natural Law Approach To Ethics

1814 words - 8 pages The Natural Law Approach to Ethics In the modern world people within society that have some ability or knowledge of reason know that there are certain laws which govern the way in which the world works. An example of this in the world can be observed in the form of the laws of Gravity or that the angles of a triangle will always add up to 180 degrees. We know these things because as soon as we are able to think for

The Rowe Approach To Work Ethic

1181 words - 5 pages Written Assignment #2 Daniel Rossey MGMT 417 Human Resources Management Potomac College July 25, 2013 Instructor Michael Donovan Abstract In this paper I will talk about how ROWE approach to work ethic works at some places and not at others. I will also discuss why it doesn’t work for some industries. I will touch on the fact that it might not work as well for retail employees as it does for managers. The second half of this