Ralph W. Tyler, an influential figure in early twentieth century educational reform believed that “the purpose of life was learning.” He said, “When one ceases to learn, one ceases to live life to the fullest. The biological basis of man has changed little since the cave days. However, each generation creates new ideas and elaborates on those ideas which have previously existed.” With education, ideals set forth from a society or culture can be preserved and create a powerful generativity of knowledge, linking the past with the present while ensuring future posterity.
One must not only understand the knowledge of the past and see the events of the present, but ...view middle of the document...
Students may be limited or held at disadvantage through environmental effects in areas such as motivation, attitude, and mental maturity. Students will bring with them distinct temperaments, inhibitions, and self-concepts. Individual differences must be accepted to deter any hindrances from learning.
To accommodate for such a wide variety of differences, a teaching method that embraces individualism should be applied. Using several textbooks would allow subject matter to be presented in a variety of ways and consequently further understanding for a classroom of students who are each on different levels of comprehension. Hands-on experimentation is another technique that would promote understanding. Through experimentation, students will be exposed to critical thinking that will provoke effective decision making. Time should also be allowed for discussion of material in small groups, as peer review and evaluation is an important process of intellectual development.
To exercise rational thought processes the Socratic method might be implemented throughout class lecture. Dialectic debate will not only reinforce the development of cognitive abilities but will also allow the students to derive answers from their own thought processes, thereby strengthening student confidence. If understanding and development of ideas is achieved students will see for themselves the abilities they possess. The positive self-concept of the student in turn will be reflected in his or her desire to learn.
Curriculum should be constructed to allow for a diversity of learning. The knowledge transmitted through education should give students a better understanding of the intricacies of the world around them and help to answer the questions of youthful curiosity. Scientific studies will aid in the investigation of the natural world and history and literature in that of the past. Communication arts (reading and writing) must also be a fundamental aspect of instruction, because without the skill to communicate ideas, knowledge is lost.
If students are shown the interrelations between subjects the chances of understanding will be increased. For this reason communication between teachers should be established and the structure and sequences of classes...