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Technological Advances In The Entertainment Industry During The 20th Century

3274 words - 14 pages

Since the beginning of time, people have amused themselves through various forms of entertainment. These may have consisted of telling stories such as a famous hunt, playing primitive forms of instruments such as animal hide drums, singing, dancing around a fire, acting, and participating in various forms of sports. These sports may have been hunting, running, canoeing, and some other sports similar to what we play today. As time progressed, however, people stopped following herds and, instead, began to settle down to live more peaceful lives. Humans had more time to spend learning, researching, and relaxing. With many inventions and discoveries such as the invention of the abacus, and ...view middle of the document...

The records cost about fifty-five cents to three dollars depending on the type of record. Records came out five years after the invention of the phonograph in 1887.At this time, however, many other inventions were being made. One of the most significant ones was the motion picture. The idea of a motion picture required pictures to be taken incredibly fast. The minimum number was 23 frames per second to make a clear picture. In 1839, Louis-Jacques-Mande Daguerre made the first successful positive photograph process. Now the old phase drawings used for short term animated flickers were replaced by these prints. The mechanical devices, once used to play the drawings, were now using these pictures. There was no true motion picture at this time. So these pictures had little effect on the industry. For any sort of motion picture to be made, the photograph exposure time had to be decreased from 15 minutes to 7/100th of a second.Soon after the invention of fast enough cameras, the British Photographer, Eadweard Muybridge, lined fifteen cameras along the side of a track in England. He took pictures one after the other of a horse running on the track. These pictures were printed, placed on a rotating disk, and projected onto a screen making the first form of motion picture. The French physiologist, Professor Marey, obtained a camera that took about 12 pictures per second to study birds in flight. By 1887 Hannibal Goodwin used the first celluloid roll film as a base for photographic emulsions. This contributed to the invention of cinematography.Edison's invention of the phonograph inspired him to come up with a motion picture player. Thomas Edison, along with the Lumiere brothers, designed and patented the kinetograph in 1893. This had approximately fifty feet of film playing at forty frames per second. He failed to commission the idea of a projector but, instead, made a sort of peepshow device to accompany his phonograph. These sold for approximately $250 to $310 each. Edison made a playing location called "Black Maria". This was a form of first movie theater. Admission was 25 cents to access five machines.Thomas Edison failed to obtain international patents so many Europeans copied his idea. Two French men names Maguire and Baucus redesigned the kinetograph making their own version. This projector only weighed about forty pounds. This is like a feather in comparison to the kinetograph weighing just over half of a ton. This new projector, however, only played eighteen frames per minute and was hand cranked. Thomas Edison's kinetograph had already made its name in America and continued to grow. Edison was encouraged to buy the rights to a state-of-the-art projector from Thomas Armat, another inventor. Edison bought these and began to manufacture this projector as his own. At the beginning of the 20th century, these projectors were selling with films too. The demand grew higher and people bought more.At the dawn of the twentieth century, the American...

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