Teen Pregnancy Essay

1277 words - 6 pages

Teen Pregnancjes in Developed Nations


STATE
BIRTHS PER 1,000 GIRLS
United States 26.5
Washington, D.C. 32.1
1 Massachusetts 12.1
2 New Hampshire 12.6
3 Connecticut 12.9
4 Vermont 14.5
5 New Jersey 14.8
6 Minnesota 16.8
7 Maine 17.4
8 Rhode Island 17.7
8 New York 17.7
10 Maryland 19.4
11 Wisconsin 19.6
12 Virginia 20.1
13 Washington 20.5
14 Utah 20.6
15 Pennsylvania 20.9
16 Oregon 21.6
17 Iowa 22.1
18 Colorado 23.4
19 Michigan 23.6
19 California 23.6
21 North Dakota 24.1
22 Florida 24.6
22 Illinois 24.6
24 Delaware 24.7
25 Nebraska 24.9
26 Hawaii 25.1
27 Idaho 25.7
28 Ohio 27.2
29 Montana 27.9
30 North ...view middle of the document...

Births: Final data for 2013. Natl Vital Stat Rep. 2015;64(1).

Disparities in Teen Birth Rates
Teen birth rates declined for all races and for Hispanics in 2013 from 2012. Among 15–19 year olds, from 2012–2013 teen birth rates decreased 9% for non-Hispanic whites, 11% for non-Hispanic blacks and American Indian/Alaska Natives (AI/AN), and 10% for Asian/Pacific Islanders and Hispanics.1 Despite these declines, substantial disparities persist in teen birth rates, and teen pregnancy and childbearing continue to carry significant social and economic costs. In 2013, non-Hispanic black and Hispanic teen birth rates were still more than two times higher than the rate for non-Hispanic white teens, and American Indian/Alaska Native teen birth rates remained more than one and a half times higher than the white teen birth rate.

Non-Hispanic black youth, Hispanic/Latino youth, American Indian/Alaska Native youth, and socioeconomically disadvantaged youth of any race or ethnicity experience the highest rates of teen pregnancy and childbirth. Together, black and Hispanic teens comprised 57% of U.S. teen births in 2013.1 CDC is focusing on these priority populations because of the need for greater public health efforts to improve the life opportunities of adolescents facing significant health disparities, as well as to have the greatest impact on overall U.S. teen birth rates. Other priority populations for CDC’s teen pregnancy prevention efforts include young people in foster care and the juvenile justice system, and those otherwise living in conditions of risk.

female and male teen

The Importance of Prevention
Teen pregnancy and childbearing bring substantial social and economic costs through immediate and long-term impacts on teen parents and their children.

In 2010, teen pregnancy and childbirth accounted for at least $9.4 billion in costs to U.S. taxpayers for increased health care and foster care, increased incarceration rates among children of teen parents, and lost tax revenue because of lower educational attainment and income among teen mothers.4
Pregnancy and birth are significant contributors to high school drop out rates among girls. Only about 50% of teen mothers receive a high school diploma by 22 years of age, versus approximately 90% of women who had not given birth during adolescence.5
The children of teenage mothers are more likely to have lower school achievement and drop out of high school, have more health problems, be incarcerated at some time during adolescence, give birth as a teenager, and face unemployment as a young adult.6
These effects remain for the teen mother and her child even after adjusting for those factors that increased the teenager’s risk for...

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