Temple Of Isis Essay

1146 words - 5 pages


|Title |Pompeii: Temple of Isis: reconstruction drawing with sacred enclosure and shrine for the sacred water of the Nile |
|Date |c.1st C. B.C |
|Location |Pompeii (Extinct city) |
| |Roman Italy |
|Subject |Pompeii (Extinct city)--Temple of Isis ...view middle of the document...

fpx |
|Width |3072 |
|Height |2840 |
|Image URL|http://library.artstor.org.libproxy.usc.edu/library/secure/ViewImages?id=8CJGczI9NzldLS1WEDhzTnkrX3oteFh9fyE%3D&userId=gDRDc|
| |Tc%3D&zoomparams= |

The Temple of Isis was a temple in the Roman Empire, dedicated to Isis, the Egyptian goddess. It was located in Pompeii (now an extinct city). This ancient temple is preserved in the best condition amongst all of the temples dedicated to different gods that are present in Pompeii, and perhaps the world.

The cult of Isis has a long history behind it. It arose in Egypt more than 5,000 years ago. Isis was a sister to, and also the wife of the great god Osiris who was a perfect ruler of Egypt. However, Osiris was killed by his own brother Seth, god of desert and foreigners. Isis gathered up the body parts of Osiris that were scattered all over the Nile Delta, and resurrected him. Osiris became the king of the dead as he could not be brought back into the world of living, while Isis in the living world became “Great Lady”, “Mistress of Shelter”, “Mistress of Heaven”, and “Mistress of the House of Life”, as directly translated. She was practically the most holy goddess in Egypt, as she was believed as the one who controls the weather and changes seasons, heals human bodies, and smoothen the flow of the holy river Nile.

We all know that she is an Egyptian goddess, yet many people do not know that she was in fact also worshipped by Greeks and Romans. In the ancient times, countries made fights and conquests with other countries, and either spread their religion to the others or absorbed the religions of others and made them into their own. The cult of Isis was first introduced to the Greeks when Alexander the Great conquered Egypt. It did not flourish to a significant extent within Greece. And later, when the Romans conquered Greece and Egypt where the cult originated from, the worship of Isis gradually flew over to the Roman Empire as well. The Roman Empire is where the worship of Isis became and stayed significantly strong until it died out by the pressure of Christianity.

Of the many different gods the Romans worshipped in the ancient times, Apollo of Greece and Isis of Egypt were two gods that had great numbers of devotees who established significant mystery religions. The cult of Isis is thought to have arrived in Pompeii around 100 BCE. Its influence had not been too strong at the time and started to spread throughout the empire over the next three...

Other Essays Like Temple of Isis

How Mystery-Religions Helped to Clear the Pathway for the Christianization of the Greco-Roman?

1283 words - 6 pages Mass of the Eleusinian mysteries of Ceres and Dionysus, agricultural gods of wheat and vines. In fact, H.P Blavatsky states in Isis Unveiled that the ceremonial meal of bread and wine “is one of the oldest rites of antiquity” (II 44) and was “common to many ancient nations” (Higgins as qtd. in Blavatsky II 44). The similarities between Christianity and the mystery-religions owe much to the fact that each evolved in the same society as

Introduction to the Egyptian Pyramids Essay

2622 words - 11 pages Step Pyramid, Bent Pyramid, Pyramid of Khufu, Pyramid of Khafre, and Pyramid of Menkaure. The Great Sphinx is also located in Lower Egypt. The temples of Upper Egypt include the Temple of Hathor, Temple of Horus, Temples of Ramases II, Temple of Queen Nofretari, Temple of Isis, and Temple of Amenhotep III.  During the Old Kingdom, Egypt’s greatest period of glory and power, massive pyramids were created. Though believed to be â

Analysis Of Gender Roles In Different Civilizations

2595 words - 11 pages more benign roles; Isis, goddess of marriage, healing and motherhood, Nut, goddess of the sky and stars, Bastet, the cat goddess, Seshat, goddess of writing and measurement, Heket, goddess of childbirth and fertility, Anuket, goddess of the Nile and so on and so forth. The presence of the goddesses in daily life, however, was undeniable. One may pray to the gods Horus or Set for victory in battle, or to Osiris for happiness in the afterlife, but

The Law of Silence

2933 words - 12 pages to the layman what has been confided to me under the seal of secrecy.” And so it was with all esoteric teachings of the ancient mysteries - for those of Isis and the Pyramids, for those of Eleusis where were celebrated the mysteries of Demeter, Persephone and the divine Iacchus, for those of the Kabeiroi and of Mithras. It was even so for the mysteries of faith during the first centuries of the Common Era, divulged to the faithful in the

Iran History

3248 words - 13 pages - Shâhnâmeh (The Epic of Kings) Buddhism in ancient Iran Buddhism in Iran (CAIS) - Ancient Iranians' Role in Expansion of Buddhism (CAIS) - Buddhism among Iranian Peoples - Buddhica Iranica - Buddhism and Its Spread Along the Silk Road - Historical Sketch of Buddhism and Islam in Afghanistan - The Iranian Face of Buddhism Archaeology Archaeology of Ancient Iran - Archaeological Excavation reports - Iranian Prehistoric Project - The Anahita Temple

The Separation Of Capital Ownership And Control

1577 words - 7 pages The argument of whether the separation of capital ownership and control is an efficient form of organization has constantly been a controversial issue. The criticism whether the controllers’ act is in the best interest of the owners’ wills never end as long as hired managers operate management. As the number of public companies has been increasing over the course of this century, meanwhile the American style of contact based corporation has

The Versatility And Flexibility Of OLED's

1014 words - 5 pages In April 1, 2002, organic light emitting diodes gain rise in the scientific community with their published, more practical form at Ames Laboratory. “Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory, in collaboration with scientists at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, have developed and demonstrated a novel, fluorescence-based chemical sensor that is more compact, versatile and less expensive than existing technology of its

Comparing The Moral Virtues Of Antony And Julian The Apostate

1103 words - 5 pages Roman emperor Julian the Apostate and Christian leader Antony both exhibited many qualities of character during their existence. Both of them led very distinctive lives although shared several ethical values. Book 25 of “The Later Roman Empire” and the book “Early Christian Lives” show concrete evidence of this. In the following essay, I will argue how both leaders’ lives were devoted to their religious beliefs and their mutual cardinal virtues

Living In A Cashless Society

1637 words - 7 pages Money in a traditional sense no longer exists. Money is becoming much of a concept than a physical material, and most ordinary bitter have not see the reality of the switch. People today are using credit and debit cards on a regular basis and in everyday situations such as meal purchased at fast food, highway tolls, clothing, groceries, gas stations, etc. all of these means of systems could be regarded as a cashless society or world. The

The French And Indian War: The "Real" First World War

1955 words - 8 pages The Seven Years War, or more commonly referred to as “The French and Indian War”, has been called the true First World War. In this book The French and Indian War: Deciding the Fate of North America, the author and historian Walter R. Borneman paints a detailed and elaborate picture that justifies the claim of it being the first true war of global proportions. If ever there truly was a climax to the never ending feud of the European

Is The Use Of Animals In Medical Research A Necessary Measure?

1513 words - 7 pages Throughout history, animals have been used in experiments to test product safety and obtain medical knowledge that benefits both humans and animals alike. Every year there are numerous medical breakthroughs, such as medications and surgical instruments, which are tested on animals to insure their safety before they are deemed acceptable for human use. Even though the results of the experiments saved millions of human lives, they are also

Related Papers

Quotes And Notes For Hatshepsut Essay

929 words - 4 pages Cusae • Thoth’s temple was repaired at Hermopolis • Various gods were shown playing a role in The Divine Birth and Coronation Reliefs including Hathor, Khnum, Heket, Bes and Tawaret • Hat is shown visiting the temples of Hathor, Mentu and Khnum, and other Gods, while travelling through the country with her father- Coronation Reliefs • Hat asks various gods for protection including Osiris, Isis, Thoth, Anubis and Horus- Hatshepsut’s first sarcophagus • Hat had chapels built for Anubis and Hathor on the second terrace of Deir el- Bahri- Construction of chapels

Beliefs Of The Ancient Egyptians Essay

2905 words - 12 pages created about certain divinities and their relations with each other as well as their adventures together.4In most cultural mythologies throughout the world, there is found a great family that consisted of the greatest divinities. The ancient Egyptians were no exception to this standard. They believed in a family known as "The Great Ennead." This family consisted of nine of the most powerful divinities: Atum, Shu, Tefnut, Geb, Nut, Osiris, Isis

Egyptian Religion Essay

1065 words - 5 pages order and truth, and he signifies the cycle of birth, life and death. Of all the ancient Egyptian Gods Anubis is frequently the one referred to as the gatekeeper of the underworld and god of death. The Egyptian goddess Isis was worshiped throughout Egypt. Isis was considered to the patron saint of women, mothers and children. Horus was always associated with the same symbol; that of the falcon. In almost all types, Horus was known as the patron

History Of Polytheism Essay

729 words - 3 pages may other “sub” gods that are not as important as the ten. Each god had a different purposes, e.g - Ares being the god of War. Each god was warshiped in a different temple, if you wanted to pray to Zeus you would have to go to Olymipia to his holy temple. Many people believed that all of the greek religion was family, most of the gods were related to one another or even there own daughters and sons. With worshiping in temples spread across