This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Term Paper 2012

2496 words - 10 pages

LAPD FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE – Fall 2009
Goals of Psychological Science:

* Description of behavior and the mind
Relies on identifying reliable patterns in behavior or thought. This provides material for later efforts to explain and predict psychological events.
* Prediction of behavior and thought
Using psychological descriptions to acknowledge reliable relationships between variables.
* Explanation of formulation of models of the mind
Specification of why certain relationships are observed and predicted between variables (that is, a theory is developed to account for the relationship).
* Application of these models for influencing behavior and thought.
Using ...view middle of the document...

 

 Induction vs. Deduction
Deduction: Theory Data
Use a general theory to make predictions about a specific situation.
Induction: Data Theory
A researcher notices a phenomenon of interest and generalizes from those pieces of data to a theory that makes predictions in other situations.

Experimental Designs:
* Operational definitions: operational definition of our variables - a clear and precise explanation of the items being measured.
- E.g., test performance
* Hypothesis was testable - it clearly states what must be manipulated and measured.
* Our experiment is reliable - it can be replicated easily and will yield the same pattern of results.

 Experimental Variables (4 types):

What is a variable?
* A variable is an entity that is controlled, changed, or manipulated or measured by an experimenter.
* Can be qualitative (categorical; sex or classification) or quantitative (e.g., age or reaction time).
* Qualitative data are binned into distinct groups.
* Cannot assume continuity between bins
* Quantitative data occur on a continuous distribution
* 1. Independent variables are variables which are manipulated by the experimenter to produce some effect.
* 2. Dependent variables are variables which are measured by the experimenter and taken to represent the degree to which some effect exists.
* 3. Control variables are held constant across all levels of the IV in an experiment and allow us to measure only the effect of the IV on the DV.
* 4. Confounding variables are variables which influence the dependent variable separate from the IV. These are bad.

 Types of Validity (5 types)

o Threats to types of validity

1) Internal Validity:
When the results can be attributed with little or no ambiguity to the effects of the independent variable, the experiment is said to be internally valid

THREATS to Internal Validity:
- History: refers to any event other than the IV that may account for the results. Events in the participants lives can affect the DV (at home, school or work)
-Maturation: some variables which affect the results over time( long term: growing older, wiser, stronger; short term: becoming distracted, bored or tired)
-Testing: the effects of taking a test once on subsequent performance
Instrumentation: effects of changing measuring instruments or procedures (not controlling for task order, having different experimenters, etc)
Selection biases: systematic differences between groups before manipulation of the IV
Attrition: loss of subjects in experiments that require more than one measurement
2) External Validity: refers to the extent to which the results of an investigation can be generalized beyond the conditions of the experiment to other populations, settings and circumstances
THREATS to External Validity
-Sample characteristics: refers to the potential difficulty of generalizing results beyond the subjects’...

Other Essays Like Term Paper 2012

Communication Essay

820 words - 4 pages provider and staff knows why the patient is scheduled to see the provider. As the electronic world enters into the healthcare world the patients, staff and providers will give and receive better care. The paper records for patients will become a thing of the past as the electronic world continues to grow. References Electron Medical Records, Electronic Health Records…, 2005 Retrieved from http://www.openclinical.org/emr.html on May 2012 PDA, 2012. Retrieved from http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/P/PDA.html, May 2012 Scheduling for healthcare, 2012. Retieved from http://www.appointmentquest.com/scheduling/healthcare on May 2012.

The Memory Process Paper

1147 words - 5 pages recall them when they are needed allows us to learn and interact with the world around us (Cherry, 2012). First we want to look at the concept of what a working memory is. According to Braddeley (1992) “The term working memory refers to a brain system that provides temporary storage and manipulation of the information necessary for such complex cognitive tasks as language comprehension, learning, and reasoning”. Working memory has been found

Starbucks Case

1155 words - 5 pages Running Head: Starbucks Starbucks Case Analysis Victor F. Hogan The George Washington University PSPR 6210: Corporate Social Responsibility July 15, 2012 Starbucks serves a total of four billion paper cups to their customers each year. During Earth Month 2010, Starbucks created a way for their customers to make an environmental impact and try

Personal Responsibility

1123 words - 5 pages everyone around us as well. If you decide not to write your term paper, then you have to deal with the fact that you may fail. If you decide not to do your part of group assignments, not only but also, do you have to deal with the outcome, but your choice not to do your part, it affects those in your group. You must accept the consequences of our choices. Every person has a choice and has the authority to make his own decisions. For example

Violence And Videogames

1220 words - 5 pages turned the guns on themselves and killed themselves they did this after they played the game Doom. Anders Breivik killed seventy-seven people earlier this year and he claimed that he was playing Call of Duty to help him train for his brutal killing operation.(Daily Mail reporter, 2012). Long Term Studies on People who Play Violent Video Games Some long term studies have concluded that teenagers who played violent video games over number of

Fiscal Policy Following The Great Recession: Purpose And Problem Statements

2187 words - 9 pages will be examined. The purpose of the proposed research project is to evaluate the long-term effects of the fiscal policies put into effect by the U.S. government in response to the Great Recession. Current research is limited to an evaluation of the estimated effects of the overall fiscal policy efforts through 2012 (e.g., Blinder & Zandi, 2010) and inconsistent responses relative to the specific fiscal policies implemented (e.g., Adkisson

Airline Financial Aquisition

2726 words - 11 pages in order to acquire US Airways. References Yahoo! Finance. (2012). Delta Air Lines, Inc. Retrieved from http://finance.yahoo.com/q/bs?s=DAL Risey, C. (2012). White Paper: Investment Banking Fees Examined. Retrieved from http://www.lanternadvisors.com/InvestmentBankingFeesExaminedWhitePaper.pdf Seabury Group. (2012). Commercial Aviation – M&A Advisory. Retrieved from http://www.seaburygroup.com/cavi_ma_adv#section1

Article Analysis

1028 words - 5 pages due to a recent drop in gasoline supply and relates that to gas prices nationally. This paper will discuss the utility derived from the product (gasoline), why there was a change in demand and market equilibrium prices assuming supply or demand stay the same and discuss the elasticity of the product. The article details a 20 cent hike in gas prices during the month of October 2012. Within the article there is a note that prices have gone up

Evidence Based Practice: Aseptic Technique for Peripheral Iv Insertion

1287 words - 6 pages analyze. Three studies has been analyzed, and their strengths and weakness discussed. The paper then provided an area for future research before elaborating that there is enough evidence supporting current nursing practice. Lastly, the paper elaborated why the current practice is the best practice. References Bofah, Metropolia Ammattikorkeakoulu, Josephine Adu-tutu, & Lay, Albert Alexander. (2012). Peripheral intravenous therapy : focus

Sociolinguistics

1999 words - 8 pages the introduction of hen in the Swedish language has appeared. The Swedish word hen is a pronoun “free of preconceived notions about gender” (The Local 2012:Web). In other words it is neither he, nor she. There has been strong reactions regarding its emergence. As well as different opinions regarding the importance of its emergence. 1.1 Aim. With the Swedish hen discussion as a base, will this paper investigate peoples' opinion towards the

Breadtalk Expansion in Austrailia

1345 words - 6 pages 1. Founded in 2000, BreadTalk Group Limited (BreadTalk) consists of BreadTalk Pte Ltd, Toast Box, Food Republic, RamenPlay and The Icing Room (BreadTalk AR 2012). Breadtalk implements Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) programmes that “seek to give back to society and make a difference to the lives of people in need” (BreadTalk 2012). CSR refers to situations where organisation “exceeds compliance and engages in social exchanges that

Related Papers

Collapse Informatics: Response Paper

620 words - 3 pages     Collapse  Informatics:  Response  Paper   • Collapse  Informatics:  Augmenting  the  Sustainability  &  ICT4D   Discourse  in  HCI  (Tomlinson  et  al.,  2012)   • Looking  Past  Yesterday’s  Tomorrow:  Using  Future  Studies  Methods  to   Extend  the  Research  Horizon  (Mankoff  et  al.,  2013

Ancient Chinese Contributions Essay

906 words - 4 pages use of paper. When I need to print something I have to do it on paper. Moreover, a part from writing, paper is used for many other purposes. Tissue papers and packaging materials are also made from paper, thus making paper part and parcel of my daily activities (Kalman, 2008). References Deng, Y. (2010). Ancient Chinese Inventions. New york : Cambridge University Press. Kalman, B. (2008). China: The Culture. New York : Crabtree Publishing Company. . Kathleen Deady, M. D. (2012). Ancient China: Beyond the Great Wall. London: Capstone. . Rupert Matthews, T. V. (2009). Ancient Chinese Civilization. New york : The Rosen Publishing Group.

Captial Budgeting Essay

1020 words - 5 pages likely lead to similar recommendations from both methods, it is important to note that the NPV method can evaluate big long-term projects better as opposed to the IRR which gives better accuracy on short term projects with consistent inflow or outflow figures” (Difference Between, 2012). Net Present Value Calculations Here is the calculation for the recommend technique. With the recommendation Guillermo should go with the

Term Paper In English

1241 words - 5 pages corporation is the way the two business organizations are taxed. Partnerships are subject only to simple taxation policies while corporations are under a double taxation scheme as the profit of the corporation is subject to corporate income tax while the dividends distributed to shareholders are also taxed independently. 4 Dedication: I dedicate my term paper work specially to God. And