Capital | Gibraltar
36°8′N 5°21′W |
(by population) | Westside |
Official languages | English |
Spoken languages | * English * Spanish * Llanito |
Ethnic groups | * Gibraltariana * other British * Moroccan * Indian |
Demonym | Gibraltarian |
Government | British overseas territoryb |
- | Monarch | Elizabeth II |
- | Governor | Sir Adrian Johns |
- | Chief Minister | Fabian Picardo |
- | Responsible Minister (UK) | David Lidington MP |
Event Date |
- | Captured | 4 August 1704 |
- | Ceded | 11 April 1713 |
- | National Day | 10 September |
- | Total | 6.8 km2 (241st)
2.6 sq mi |
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It has an area of 6.8 square kilometres and a northern border with Andalusia, Spain. Wikipedia
Population: 29,244 (2010) World Bank
Weather: 15°C, Wind W at 32 km/h, 77% Humidity
Local time: Monday 12:18 AM
Government: Parliamentary system, Constitutional monarchy
Currencies: Gibraltar pound, UK £
Official language: English Language
The politics of Gibraltar takes place within a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic British Overseas Territory, whereby the Monarch of the United Kingdom is the constitutional head of state represented by the Governor of Gibraltar. The Chief Minister of Gibraltar is the head of Government. As a British Overseas Territory, the Government of Gibraltar is not subordinate to the Government of the United Kingdom. That government, however, is responsible for defence and external affairs but has full internal self-government under its 2006 Constitution. Gibraltar is represented in the European Union, having been the only British Overseas Territory to have joined the European Economic Community under the British Treaty of Accession (1973).
The government of Spain continues with an irredentist territorial claim to Gibraltar, which was ceded in perpetuity to the British Crown in 1713 by Article X of the Treaty of Utrecht. In a referendum held in 2002, a proposal for shared sovereignty was overwhelmingly rejected by the Gibraltar electorate with 98.97% voting against. The sovereignty issue remains an important factor in local politics.
Gibraltar has a number of political parties which have developed to address local issues. The preamble to thr 2006 Constitution repeated from the 1969 Constitution states that "Her Majesty's Government will never enter into arrangements under which the people of Gibraltar would pass under the sovereignty of another state against their freely and democratically expressed wishes.
The Government of Gibraltar is elected for a term of four years. The head of Government is the Chief Minister, currently the Hon. Fabian Picardo, of the Gibraltar Socialist Labour Party (GSLP), who have been in office since 9 December 2011 in alliance with the Gibraltar Liberal Party (Liberals) following a general election. The Leader of the Opposition is former Chief Minister the Hon. Peter Caruana of the Gibraltar Social Democrats (GSD).
The United Kingdom and Argentina both claim responsibility for the Falkland Islands. The UK bases its position on continuous administration of the islands since 1833 (apart from 1982) and the islanders having a "right to self determination, including their right to remain British if that is their wish". Argentina posits that it gained the Falkland Islands from Spain, upon becoming independent from it in 1816, and that the UK illegally occupied them in 1833.
The present dispute began in 1945, shortly after the formation of the United Nations, when Argentina reasserted its claim of sovereignty over the Falkland Islands and its...