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The Ancient Greek Parthenon In Athens. Information About The Parthenon And The Statue Of Athena Inside

1169 words - 5 pages

In roughly the center of ancient Athens stood a 500 foot Dolomite outcropping known as the Athenian Acropolis (Greek meaning high city). During the 5th century B.C. an extensive building program, initiated by the statesman Pericles, created several public building on the rocks crowning the plateau. These structures, in the order they were constructed were: the temple of Athena Parthenos (the Parthenon), 447-432 BC; the Propylaea (gateway), 437-432 BC; the temple of Athena Nike, 427-424 BC; and the temple of Erechtheus (the Erechtheum), 421-405 BC.Although commissioned by Pericles the structure is the work of primarily three men; Ictinus and Callicrates, the designers and architects and ...view middle of the document...

One particular mule when given his reward ran from the meadows back to the city and seemingly volunteered for more labor. Even when not used he was frequently found trotting along side of the working animals as if encouraging them to greater efforts. The city to honor this loyal beast used his face for the likeness of the horses used on the friezes.THE FRIEZEThe frieze across the front of the marble base depicts the birth of Pandora whose name means "all gifts." The figures in order from the left to the right are Helios, Hermes, Hera, Zeus, Nike, Dionysis, The Three Horai (Hours or Seasons) Pandora, Hephaestus, Athens, Poseidon, Artemis, Apollo, Ares, Demeter, Hestia, Eros, Aphrodite and SelenneTHE SCULPTOR PHIDIASThe carvings on the Parthenon were the work of the noted stonecutter Phidias. He was known for his detailed and like like carvings. The friezes located on the front and sides of the building are his work.THE STATUE OF ATHENAInside the main all of the Parthenon stood Phidias' crowning achievement, a statue of the goddess Athena. Originally the statue was enlivened with precious and semi-precious gems and largely covered in gold. This original work did not surrive antiquity and was dismantled by various conquerors of Athens. Today, Nashville, Tennessee is the aclaimed sister city of Athens, Greece. In downtown Nashville stands the only life-size replica of the ancient Parthenon. Within this structure can be seen a replica of Athena's statue. The photograph below and the accompanying text explain the important features of this statue.THE HELMETThe three crests of Athena's helmet are supported by mythological creatures; on the left and right stands a Pegasus (winged horse) and in the center a sphinx (half woman and half lion).THE AEGISThe armored breastplate of Athena wears on her shoulders is said to have magic powers. Given to her by Zeus, the Aegis makes Athena imperious to her enemies' weapons. In the center of the breastplate is the Medusa's head, given by Perseus in return for her help in killing the Medusa.NIKEIn Athena's out stretched right hand hovers Nike, the winged goddess of victory preparing to crown Athena with the laurel wreath. As the personification of...

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