The Anti Ism Essay

1854 words - 8 pages

One of the less well known and appreciated genre’s of art was the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood’s style. The first The Pre-Raphaelites, like the Romantics, were great lovers of nature. They believed in showing things as they truly were. Many Romantics, and especially those that belonged to the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, did not agree with the classical beliefs being taught in art schools. These ideals required artists to beautify their subjects. For this reason many followers of this movement painted their landscapes outdoors and used real models4.
They also composed their pictures with out any specific formula3. They chose not to use pyramidal constructions and other classical rules ...view middle of the document...

They painted on white backgrounds and used bright colors2. They also made up their own rules about lighting, completely disregarding what they were taught in school and by the famous Renaissance artists. They also used real models and correct proportions instead of beautifying their subjects. The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood wanted to show life and nature as it truly was.
The most notable members of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood were William Holman Hunt and Dante Gabriel Rossetti, the co-founders with Millais3. Of the three original members Dante Rossetti hung onto the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood’s legacy the longest. Although it can be argued that William Hunt was the most fervent believer since he never changed the style or the subject of his paintings, Rossetti was the generally regarded as the leader2. He was also the only original member to revive and join the second generation of the Brotherhood. There were other artists in the Brotherhood that never became as widely known as the three founders. There names were Frederic George Stephens, James Collinson, William Michael Rossetti and Thomas Woolner4.
The Brotherhood had many negative critics. One of their most famous was the esteemed writer, Charles Dickens, who described John Millais' painting of "Christ in the House of His Parents" as "mean, odious, repulsive, and revolting3." The criticism became so bad that a popular art critic was asked to step in and support the group of young painters, just so they had some positive feedback. John Ruskin gladly agreed and soon became a genuine supporter of the Brotherhood2. He continued to praise their work even after his public divorce from his wife and her remarriage to John Millais.
Art is influenced by the politics, religion and economy of the times. For instance, during the Middle Ages when the Catholic Church ruled, they decreed only religious paintings were to be made. This decree held back any advances art might have made by limiting the subjects allowed to be painted. This limited the creativity that was put into the paintings and in some ways it limited the artists and their enthusiasm for their work.
The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood was formed and functioning during the 1800s or the Victorian Age. This time period was named for The Queen Victoria, who reigned for 64 years1. It was a time of intense transformation. Important changes were taking place in politics and overseas policies and rule. This was the time when it was commonly said that "the sun never sets on the British empire." England had colonies all over the world from Ireland to India to New Zealand.
The political scene at home in England was also in a considerable amount of turmoil. People were vying for equal voting rights for the working man, instead of restricting them to upper class privileged citizens1. This type of independence from the common man, who normally just went along with those in power, was probably a factor in the formation of the...

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