The Art Of The Renaissance Essay

2075 words - 9 pages

Though the Renaissance era included all of Europe, Italy was the cradle of the movement. The cities of Florence, Rome and Venice were of great importance to this period. Major artists created art mainly in these three. As the center of Italy, Rome held the residence of the Pope and many other important factors. Throughout history, the Roman Catholic Church was very insistent on promoting their ideas. During this time, they used artists and their creativity to promote the Bible and other aspects of their beliefs. Artists were paid, or commissioned by patrons (often the Pope) to create art they wanted. One of the most ambitious patrons was Pope Julius II, who realized the impact visual ...view middle of the document...

His inquisitiveness of the world around him proved his interest in the advancement of the arts.
Leonardo’s Mona Lisa is probably one of the most famous paintings for a couple different reasons. For one, Da Vinci painted it. He was a master of many subjects, and this was his. He started using landscape in the background, he had never wanted to sell it, and nobody knows who (or where) the woman is or fits in to history. Aside from the fact that she is beautiful, it is one of the small “art mysteries” that mystify observers and make the art famous, which makes it one of my favorite pieces by Da Vinci.

Chapter 22 displays different renditions of the last supper including Leonardo Da Vinci’s (22-4) and Tintoretto’s (22-48). A third one by Paolo Veronese originally bore the title The Last Supper, but was later retitled Christ in the House of Levi (22-49). All three paintings are unique in their own ways. Da Vinci’s and Paolo’s are both painted from the same aspect, whilst Tintoretto’s is from a completely different angle. Da Vinci’s light comes from the bottom of his painting and distributes itself throughout, Tintorettto focused his light on his subject’s heads, and Veronese directed his light across his entire frame. Da Vinci’s Last Supper is the only one that pictures just the disciples and Jesus, while the other two artists included other people. As mentioned before, each has its own lighting, but Tintoretto’s painting is the darkest, perhaps foreshadowing the dark feeling the story creates. When times, ideas, and techniques changed, artists adapted. Instead of merely creating a typical iconic painting of the Last Supper, Da Vinci incorporated Fibonacci Numbers (developed by Leonardo Pisano) and the Golden Rectangle into his masterpiece, which is one of the reasons I believe people think of this painting when someone mentions The Last Supper. Leonardo had an amazing mind, and when he incorporated math formulas into a biblical painting to draw attention to Christ, he was giving his all to glorify God. My favorite “big” Da Vinci pieces are Madonna and Child with Saint Anne and the Infant Saint John (22-3), Mona Lisa (22-5) and The Last Supper (22-4). However, I always feel connected to an artist when observing their art sketches; my favor extending to Vetruvian Man (22-3a) and The Fetus and the Lining of the Uterus (22-6). This drawing reminds me how creative God is and how inquisitive our minds are. Da Vinci was gentle with his hands, a trait that displays itself so well throughout these ink drawings.

It was quite interesting to observe and write about Raphael’s Philosophy (School of Athens). After reading about the painting, it was even more intriguing. Raphael centered orators and scholars beside Plato and Aristotle, two of the most famous philosophers of...

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