The Battle Of The Brandywine Essay

2068 words - 9 pages

The Battle of the Brandywine was on September 11, 1777, and marked the apparent end of a long period of frustration for the British in North America. Lieutenant-General Sir William Howe, commander of the British forces in North America, it was the first chance he had to come fully to grips with General George Washington's army since the British victory of Long Island. That battle resulted in the loss of New York City to the United States for the remainder of the war. The British commander spent the first part of the summer campaign in New Jersey. Washington's stubborn refusal to risk a major engagement forced the British commander to find another means of forcing battle, and on July 8 he ...view middle of the document...

It was the last natural line of defense before the Schuylkill River, which could be forded at so many points that it was practically indefensible. The Brandywine was fordable at a comparatively small number of places that could, so it seemed, be covered fairly easily. Washington concentrated the American defenses at Chad's Ford, but also prepared to prevent possible British flanking movements to the south or north. Nathaniel Greene composed of the 1st and 2d Virginia Brigades under Brigadier Generals Peter Muhlenberg and George Weedon, was entrusted with the primary defense of Chad's Ford. The most vulnerable point of the American position, as Washington and his generals were well aware, was on the right. Sullivan was therefore ordered to provide adequate cover at the three known fords above Brinton's, namely Painter's, on the morning, Sir William Howe was in the process of dividing his army. Knyphausen marched with 6,800 men along the Nottingham Road directly toward Chad's Ford. His only mission was to engage Washington's attention while Howe marched with 8,200 men northeast from Kennett Square. The Hessian general rallied the Tories and ordered Ferguson's riflemen to take position behind a house. The British cannon promptly began pummeling the American breastwork, and mounted nothing more than a couple of light field pieces. Maxwell had had enough; once his breastwork had been outflanked, he ordered a withdrawal across the creek, a maneuver carried out in good order despite close pursuit by Knyphausen's troops. Washington had moved his headquarters to the heights where Procter's guns were stationed in order to observe the commotion.Major Joseph Spear of the militia arrived at Sullivan's headquarters and reported that he had just returned from a morning reconnaissance along the Great Valley Road without detecting any sign of the British. Sullivan was suspicious of the report and hesitated before sending it along to Washington, understanding it might mean an end to the attack on Knyphausen. Howe move up the Great Valley Road was only a feint followed by a countermarch back to Chad's Ford, Washington's planned attack across the creek might well end in disaster. Sullivan sent the report and Washington called off the attack. The British crossed the west branch of the Brandywine at Trimble's Ford. By this point, with the British already moving toward his rear, Washington had no choice but to make defensive dispositions. Sullivan had meanwhile received another report from Bland of British movements. Washington responded by ordering Sullivan to abandon Brinton's Ford and join Stirling and Stephen near Birmingham meeting-house, where Sullivan would take overall command of the three divisions. Howe knew his dominating position and could afford to show a "Cheerful Countenance" to his officers, with whom he chatted amiably as he observed the American deployments. His troops meanwhile formed into line for the critical assault on Birmingham Hill. The attack...

Other Essays Like The Battle Of The Brandywine

The Battle of Hastings 1066 Essay

1431 words - 6 pages The Battle of Hastings 1066 Events leading up to battle: The battle of Hastings began in January 1066 when Edward the Confessor had died. Before his death on his death bed, he had offered the English crown to Harold Godwinson. Harold was crowned at Westminster Abbey. Meanwhile, in Norway, William of Normandy was setting out on claiming the English crown for himself. This was because, despite his pre-eminent position, he required the active

Planning The Battle Of The Somme

747 words - 3 pages Planning the Battle of the Somme On 1st July 1916, Haig and Joffre planned a joint attack on the German lines near Bapaume (although Haig would have preferred to fight further north). The action was designed to relieve some of the strain on Verdun. Haig was quite hopeful that it would break through the German lines and bring the Allies victory. Artillery Bombardment The attack was preceded by an eight-day

Britain's Victory In The Battle Of Britain

4833 words - 20 pages Britain's Victory in the Battle of Britain Following the British evacuation from Dunkirk and the French surrender in June 1940, the Germans were uncertain what to do next. Hitler believed the war was over and that the British, defeated on the continent, would come to terms soon. However, he was to be frustrated by British intransigence. Though there was a strand of public and political sentiment that favoured a

The Battle of Dien Bien Phu

2218 words - 9 pages itself of foreign ways, creating a free and unified country of self rule. As Ho Chi Minh, the leader of Viet Minh stated, “The struggle will be atrocious, but the vietnamese people will suffer anything rather than renounce their freedom.” Good morning General Giap, I am honoured that you were able to speak to me today. Before I begin asking you about the battle of Dien Buen Phu, I would like to ask you about your background and why you decided

Spartan Society To The Battle Of Leutra

1098 words - 5 pages Spartan Society to The Battle of LeutraA) Name 2 Geographical features in the region of Sparta- Eurotas River/ The river Sparta is located on- Close to the Isthmus connecting them to the rest of GreeceB) What are TWO roles of Spartan women?- Lycurgus states that physical fitness is the "most important activity of freeborn women", producing healthy offspring being Spartan women's most prominent role. According to Xenophon childbearing was their

Australia's involvement in the battle of Gallipoli

552 words - 3 pages After Germany delivered a crushing blow to Russia at the battle of Tannenberg, the Russians were threatened by a Turkish advance through the Caucasus and appealed to their allies for assistance. Gaining control of the Dardanelle Strait would re-establish communications with Russia and open up wheat and shipping locked in the black sea by turkey. The allies planned to storm up the Dardanelle Strait and shell Constantinople (now Istanbul) then

Economist - 2009 - Battle of the Clouds

1151 words - 5 pages The Economist, 10/17/2009 ------------------------------------------------- Battle of the clouds The fight to dominate cloud computing will increase competition and innovation THERE is nothing the computer industry likes better than a big new idea--followed by a big fight, as different firms compete to exploit it. "Cloudcomputing" is the latest example, and companies large and small are already joining the fray. The idea is that

The Wife Of Bath And The Battle Of The Sexes

699 words - 3 pages How far do you agree that in the battle of the sexes it is the wife of Bath who has the most effictive weapons and armour? The Wife sees the relationship between men and women as a battle in which it is crucial to gain the upper hand, 'Oon of us two must bowen, douteless' Her armour was indeed necessary, as in Medieval England, women definitley were second class citizens who were viewed as goods and chattels, with no financial

American Troops in the Second Battle of the Marne

768 words - 4 pages The Second Battle of the Marne marked the turning of the tide in World War I. It began with the last German offensive of the conflict and was quickly followed by the first allied offensive victory of 1918 (In Viereck & In Maerker-Branden, 1929). Although US troops assumed mainly a support role in this action, the battle came to be known as the beginning of the end for Germany. 85,000 US troops participated, with 12,000 casualties, gaining the

Winning the Battle Agains Brca

712 words - 3 pages WINNING THE BATTLE AGAINST BRCA1 by Marilyn Robinson Who said, "I am glad I had cancer, it made me a better person"? Well, that is true; however, how much better and wiser can I be? I have just been diagnosed with breast cancer for a third time! The front-line battle to escape the enemy tells the story: In 1993 at the age of 47, I had a routine mammogram, and I was diagnosed with an estrogen-negative ductal cell carcinoma. I had

Battle over the Latest Console

998 words - 4 pages PS4 AND XBOX One The launches of PS4 and XBOX One are imminent, as both next-generation consoles are about to go toe-to-toe. Gamers have already put their pre-order money down as if it's an expensive bet on which video game system will deliver the best performance over the next decade. Both systems are evenly matched in many respects and should be able to usher in the next generation of gaming that the Wii U hasn't been able to deliver. With E3

Related Papers

The Battle Of Crete Essay

634 words - 3 pages The Battle of Crete The battle that I chose as the focus of this paper was the battle of Crete which took place during World War 2 and was the first time in history that an airborne assault was conducted. The two forces involved in this battle included Nazi Germany and Allied forces. For this battle I am going to focus on the German side and analyze Hitler’s purpose of this assault, outcome and a lesson learned from this battle. The island

The Battle Of Trenton Essay

1257 words - 6 pages clothing instead of they’re army attire. However behind all this they were still a well-trained group of men. When it was time for a drill, they were immediately at their posts with full gear on, ready for battle. Washington knew this, and was very cautious when he drew up his battle plan. The battle plan was this; General John Cadwalader would launch a diversionary attack at Bordentown, New Jersey, to block off reinforcements that would come from

The Battle Of Algiers Essay

1132 words - 5 pages Gillo Pontecorvo’s The Battle of Algiers is a must see movie for all. From acting to directing to politics, the audience cannot help but appreciate the film and see all of its glory. But one cannot watch it without understanding and accepting the true meaning behind this film. It is the real deal about anti-colonialism and freedom. Pontecorvo sets it up as a documentary, not wanting to take any sides. The film is very straightforward and makes

The Battle Of Kadesh Essay

1077 words - 5 pages Battle of Kadesh In 1274 BC, the young Egyptian pharaoh Rameses II led an army of 20,000 against 50,000 troops from the Hittite Empire. 3,000 years ago, the Levant was the crossroads of the ancient world, where trade routes for metals from the West merged with trade routes for spices from the East. At this convergence of three continents lay the area of modern-day Syria, a region unable to establish a state of its own and defend itself, hence