This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Canadian Healthcare System And Its Effect On Development And Equity

2917 words - 12 pages

The Canadian Healthcare System and its Effect on
Development and Equity

Jennifer MacDonald
201101133
DEVS 202:10
Acadia University
Dr. Brown
November 22nd , 2012

Introduction

Canada’s various social programs prove to be key factors in the process of development in terms of equity, redistribution, and cohesion within the country. Within the industrialized world, the ongoing debates about healthcare programs generate questions about how to design the most equitable and economically competitive system. In Canada, the debate lies between privatization and a publicly funded care system, as well as how healthcare money is distributed across the ten provinces and three territories. ...view middle of the document...

In 1932 the Economics of the Canadian Medical Association (CMA) issued a policy statement urging that government health insurance become necessary and inevitable (Tuohy 2009). The CMA became one of the representative bodies for the Canadian proposals in the wartime and postwar circumstances by the 1940s, and was heavily influenced by advice from Canadian doctors working abroad who were supportive of compulsory health insurance for the entire population (Tuohy 2009). During the War era in Canada these changes in healthcare seemed inevitable to development, as civil rights were increasingly important and became a primary focus of federal governments around the world. Equity and social justice became a driving force for the expanding range of insurance plans within Canada.
Following the Second World War, healthcare developments in Canada paralleled similar patterns and challenges as Britain (Tuohy 2009). The emergence of public health insurance coincided with an era if co-operative federalism. Saskatchewan was the first province to set up public hospital insurance under the lead of Tommy Douglas in 1947. The development in Saskatchewan put political pressure on other provinces and notably Ontario (Maioni).
Federal-provincial relations in Canada had been quite tense until the 1950s when the hostility began to thaw. One of the reasons for this was a change was the election of Liberal Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent and his cordial relationship with the newly elected Premier of Ontario Leslie Frost. Ontario then supported a number of federal and provincial cost sharing initiatives (Tuohy 2009). In 1957, the Liberal government under Louis St. Laurent passed the Hospital Insurance and Diagnostic Services Act, which made insurance coverage universal as the federal government would reimburse half of the provincial hospital insurance plan costs (Maioni).
The idea of private health insurance persuaded many of the key participants in the private-sector, even the medical and hospital groups who were now in favor of governmental subsidization of health insurance for those with low incomes (Tuohy 2009). A sufficient coalition of support assembled in favor of governmental hospital insurance and nor for medical insurance was signed between 1958 and 1959 by all provinces except for Quebec, who later joined in 1961 (Tuohy 2009). This step towards social justice across provinces was key to the later development of a comprehensive medical insurance plan.
The Canadian economy boomed in the 1960s, growing at an average annual rate of 5% in real terms for the decade. The issue of governmental medical healthcare became and important agenda of the federal-provincial relations, favorable to medical care insurance in terms of cost (Tuohy 2009). Saskatchewan then introduced public medical insurance in 1962 in which was a comprehensive government-sponsored system, thus propelling a gruesome 23 day doctor’s strike (Tuohy). The Hall Commission in 1964 urged the federal...

Other Essays Like The Canadian Healthcare System and Its Effect on Development and Equity

Canadian Public Policy And Administration - Employment Equity Act, A Short Paper Evaluating The Success Of The Act

2470 words - 10 pages comprehensive planning process designed to bring about not only equality of opportunity but equality in results. Its primary objective is to ensure that the Canadian work force is an accurate reflection of the composition of the Canadian population given the availability of required skills. This objective is essentially an ethical goal based on the value of ensuring equity.'Although some progress has been made since the enactment of the

The Chargeback System, Its Problems, and Solutions

541 words - 3 pages Case Study: The Charge-back system, its problems, and solutions. By Adam Smith This case study asks three questions: First how this person named Oluwatosin’s pretexting attempt at Checkpoint so effective? My reasoning is that checkpoint did not screen this man, yet instead they were intrigued by this person con and simply made the classic mistake of trusting a person because he seemed like he fit in. What they should have made him wait

Triangle Shirt Waist Fire and Its Effect on Loabor

1550 words - 7 pages The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire, and its effect on labor. In contrast to modern day, Unions during the industrial revolution lived up to the era, and through demonstrations, strikes, and tragedies, were revolutionized. Making the workplace safer, hospitable, and bringing an end to the horrors seen through tragedy and scandal. Upton Sinclair’s tell-all book “The Jungle” brought the inhumane conditions in the meat packing industry, and

Canadian Health Care System And US Health Care System

682 words - 3 pages statistcal evidence proved that the Canadian Health Care System is indeed a model for US Health Care System. The Major difference between health care systems of both the nations is the source of funding. In canada, major portion of the health care is a single payer and public funded, while in the United States, it is multi payer and heavily privatized. In canada, although each province and territory administers its own health care plan, but every

Modern Technology and Its Effect to the Youth

545 words - 3 pages Modern Technology And Its Effect To The Youth 1 Modern Technology And Its Effect To The Youth ABSTRACT Modern day technological advancements are constantly seen throughout every aspect of life. Cell phones, portable Internet availability, laptop computers, iPods, mp3 players of every brand, and many other devices, are everywhere. They seem to possess unending possible detriments, but, along with such issues, technology also has

The Berlin Conference and Its Effect Upon Africa

1088 words - 5 pages Europe’s colonization of Africa ended in the rape of the “Dark Continent” for its natural resources to support their continuing and growing industrialization. They divvied the land with no regards for the cultural, religious, or linguistic divisions between people living there, forming incredibly powerful tensions throughout the populace. The European leaders committed these questionable acts under the guise of bringing civilization to the

The Great Depression: Its Effect on Society

835 words - 4 pages What is a depression? It's an economic slump, a time of hardship. One such economic slump happened in the United States, and it was quite hard on the people. It was called the 'Great Depression' and it lasted about twenty years, from 1920 to 1940. This event, the Great Depression, changed the United States' society and culture by the spread of poverty, increased discrimination, and how people banded together within their communities to help one

System of Theories and Development

1436 words - 6 pages resolve its recurring issues. Technological advancement has been evident in most companies in the Philippines. With the help of technology, most companies were having a stable position in the business world. With the opportunity of the technology, the company could start investing for a newly designed system that would remedy their problems. Moreover, it would lead to company expansion and diversification and it will set itself apart from other manual-type of businesses. Thus, having this opportunity of development, Ever Solid operations ranging from the human resource, accounting, sales, and inventory and to other processes such as the payroll will

The Word Prophet in the "Scarlet Letter" and Its Development

966 words - 4 pages Allah. There are five main prophets in Muslim religion: Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad. Jehovah’s Witnesses believe that they are all prophets and are the only true channel from God to mankind on Earth. The definition and impact of Prophets vary in religion throughout time, but almost every religion contains a prophet who sends a message to its people. Nathaniel Hawthorne uses a reference to a biblical figure which follows the

Argo And The Canadian Caper

2180 words - 9 pages history of this event. In conclusion, it is very apparent that the movie Argo is not a very accurate way to understand history. The Hollywood retelling of an originally declassified event created too much controversy, with its altered way of depicting what happened. In reality, Argo was more of a Canadian Caper, with the impact the Canadians had on the operation and all that they did for it. The embassy escapees were not a suspicious group at the

Meaningful Use Legislation and the Impact on Healthcare Organizations

1140 words - 5 pages implementation of an internal EHR policy. There have been supply of computer and equipment to enable the system to run. The computer system is manned by trained personnel, who are capable of managing patient data and ensuring its safety through putting in place safety measures and protocols. Additionally, all staff have been trained on how to handle patient data electronically to comply with the legislation requirements. EHR is enabled by a coordinated team

Related Papers

The Patriot Act And Its Effect On Corporations

3276 words - 14 pages The Patriot Act and its Effect on Corporations SECR 5080 – Term Paper 9 May 2015 Table of Contents Abstract – page 3 Introduction – page 3 Current State of Affairs as by the law – page 5 Impact on computing – page 6 Surveillance on Businesses – page 9 Penalty on non-compliance – page 10 Internet Service Providers – page 10 Conclusion – page 12 References – page 13 Abstract The Patriot Act was written into law just a mere 45

Climatic Change And Its Effect On Society

908 words - 4 pages Climatic Change and Its Effect on Society      There has been a significant climatic change that has taken place throughout the years on Earth. These changes have effected society in more than one way. However, there is nothing society can do about the long term influences of climatic changes. Society has tended to address the short term effects of climatic changes that influence the global temperatures within the

Climate Change And Its Effect On Bangladesh

836 words - 4 pages countries to climate change, particularly the threat of increased flooding and storms due to its position in the delta of three large rivers — the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna — as well as facing the Bay of Bengal. A major focus of the plan is on research to better estimate and monitor the scale and timing of climate change impacts. The plan calls for more accurate modelling scenarios at a regional and national level, particularly for the

Class Size And Its Effect On The Academic Performance Of The Pupils In Sies And Oies

4163 words - 17 pages third grade. Moreover, Krueger found out that students in smaller classes performed approximately .2 to .3 standard deviations better on this standardized test than students in the larger classes over the first four years of schooling. Another research conducted by Jack Keil and Peter J. Partell found out that large class size has negative effect on the academic performance. They explained that increasing class size lowers student achievement