The Canonization of Scripture
The word canon has evolved over time to come to mean the official inventory of books, like that of Athanasius, that a religious community regards as its authoritative source of doctrinal and ethical beliefs. The word comes from the Greek kanwn and most likely from the Hebrew qaneh and Akkadian, qanu. Literally, it means a straight rod or bar; a measuring rule as a ruler used by masons and carpenters; then a rule or standard for testing straightness (Harris 24). In the past, canon referred the doctrines of the church that were accepted as rule of faith.
The canonization of the New Testament was a long and complex process. Canonization served two purposes. It clarified the beliefs church leaders considered true and acceptable; and it ...view middle of the document...
The Vulgate remains the official Bible of The Roman Catholic Church (Harris 31-32).
The protestant canon differs from the Roman Catholic canon. The protestant Bible is seven books shorter that the Roman Catholic Bible. Martin Luther removed the seven books and placed them in the appendix during the reformation of the church, which began in 1517. The books remained I the appendix until 1826 when they were removed all together. Luther's German translation of the Bible (1522–1534) was the first version in a modern European language based not on the Latin Vulgate, but on the original Hebrew and Greek (Kiethly).
Protestants used a different standard of what should be in the Bible. Protestants believe that the Bible alone is the source of God’s special revelation to mankind and teaches us all that is necessary for our salvation from sin. Protestants view the Bible as the standard by which all Christian behavior must be measured. This is known as sola scriptura.
Catholics reject the doctrine of sola scriptura and do not believe that the Bible alone is sufficient. They believe that both the Bible and sacred Roman Catholic tradition are equally binding upon the Christian. Many Roman Catholics doctrines, such as purgatory, praying to the saints, worship or veneration of Mary, etc., have little or no basis in Scripture but are based solely on Roman Catholic traditions. Essentially, the Roman Catholic Church’s denial of sola scriptura and its insistence that both the Bible and tradition are equal in authority make up the difference in the protestant and Roman Catholic view on canonization.
Harris, Stephen L.(2011) the New Testament. 7th Edition. McGraw-Hill Learning
VitalBook file. Bookshelf
Kiethly, Hampton. “The Bible: The Holy Canon of Scripture” Retrieved from