The case against Perfection
The legal issues concerning the use of Genetic Modification experiments on humans and the impact on individual rights and responsibilities is a progressive issue plaguing our society. Genetic Engineering is the deliberate modification of the characteristics of an organism by manipulating its genetic structure. A two-year inquiry by the Australian Law Reform Commission (ALRC) and the Australian Health Ethics Committee (AHEC) of the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC), in the Protection of Human Genetic Information in Australia.
There are two main powerful, but conflicting, social reactions in response to the rapid pace of change in genetic ...view middle of the document...
The Commonwealth Gene Technology Legislation took effect on the 21st of June 2001 and includes the following;
* The Gene Technology Act 2000 (current compilation)
The compilation shows the text of law as amended and inforce on 10 March 2016
* The Gene Technology Regulations 2001 (current compilation)
Shows the text of law as amended and inforce on 16 June 2016.
* The Gene Technology (Consequential Amendments) Act 2000
* The Gene Technology (Licence Charges) Act 2000
An Act to impose charges on licences issued under the Gene Technology Act 2000
The said legislation, is the only law in Australia that mentions the ideals of society on the issue of genetic modification. The emotional stance taken by people that are against the legalisation of the use of biotechnics, slows the advancement of such technologies.
Laws regarding that of modification of genes in Australia along with 24 other countries around the world have legally binding restrictions, therefore meaning that they have outright bans on the issue. Whereas, 27 countries have implied laws, but either don’t have the means of enforcement or the technology to keep up with it. And remaining countries have no laws or regulations other than the natural law (simply states that the main principle of Natural Law is anything that defies the purpose of what it is 'meant' to do and/or is immoral). Due to this major gap in the laws around the world and the capabilities of governments to keep up to date with the advancements that continuously develop and grow, it allows for cases such as “The genetic engineering of human embryos done by Chinese researchers is technically legal in many countries” reported by Business Insider Australia.
This particular case is the main known case that sparked the debate to restrict the powers of experimentation in the name of science. This recent case of 2015, is a team of Chinese scientists had edited the genes of human embryos for the first time ever, sparking the long standing debate of such ethically divided topics. As a result of the laws in place, or lack thereof, these scientists were able to perform this experiment, they did not technically break any laws. There are grey areas of the law even in countries such as Australia that have tried to anticipate the wave of questionable experimentation.
In China, for example, the published guidelines state that “using human egg plasma and nuclear transfer...