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The Causes Of The Industrial Revolution

1083 words - 5 pages

During the 18th century and late 19th century, a major technological, social, economic and cultural change known as the Industrial Revolution would start in Great Britain and eventually spread to many parts of the world. During that times preceding the Industrial Revolution, Great Britain’s economy relied heavily on manual labour, but would be soon rapidly replaced by industry and machines. The causes of the Industrial Revolution are complicated and many historians still debate today about the exact causes. There are several causes that have been agreed upon by many to have been crucial in the causation of the Industrial Revolution. It began with the mechanisation of the textile industries ...view middle of the document...

When the Napoloeonic Wars ended, Great Britain had money to spend towards the advancements of technology, eventually causing the industrial revolution.

Many historians debate whether or not population growth caused the Industrial Revolution or the Industrial Revolution caused population growth. Population growth can be seen as a major cause of the Industrial Revolution, primarily due to how the large amount of people benefited the economy. Looking at the factors behind what caused the population growth, the Agricultural Revolution was once of the primary causes. The Agricultural Revolution began in the 17th century and ended in the 19th century. New advancements in technology created better tools, and new methods of farming, such as three-field crop rotation and selective breeding allowed farmers to create many more products than they would have before the Agricultural Revolution. This huge increase in agricultural products meant that more people were fed, and therefore there was an influx in population. There was an appropriate agricultural infrastructure to support a large population, and advancements in agricultural technology meant that the population growth could be sustained. There was a population growth because women were able to have healthier children, and the people would have access to enough food that would keep them healthy and able to work. Since the increase of people, there was also a higher demand from the working class for needs such as clothing. Industrial factories, like textile industries, were created to supply their needs. The Agricultural Revolution meant also that there was not as high of a need for as farmers. Those who could not make there living as a farmer moved into the cities to work in factories. Survivors of plagues had children who grew to be more resistant to that certain disease. Many healthy children were born, increasing the available workforce population. The huge increase in population was marked the beginning of the Industrial Revolution and sustained it for many years to come.

Around the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, farming was the main type of work. Most of England was rural, and farming was done primarily from spring to fall. During the winter, farmers had to be especially careful with the food that...

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