The Chicano And The Black Power Movements

3131 words - 13 pages

The 1960’s comprised of many different movements that sought the same goal of achieving equality, equality in means of: political, economical, and social equality. Two similar movements emerged during this era that shared the same ideologies: the Chicano and the Black Power Movement. Both shared a similar ideology that outlined their movement, which was the call for self-determination. The similar experiences that they had undergone such as the maltreatment and the abuse of power that enacted was enacted by the dominant Anglo race helped to shape these ideologies. Despite their similar ideology, they differed in how they achieved this goal, by either obtaining political participation or ...view middle of the document...

Jim Crow laws made segregation legal in the Deep South, thus enforcing the superiority of whites and the privileges given to them, such as cleaner and better facilities that accommodated them. It was a reaction to the government’s failure to deliver the promises they made. Chicanos and African-American alike had the dignity to not depend on the states to give them their rights, but they were willing to give themselves their own rights, pushing for Chicano and Black Nationalism.

The growing racism and discrimination that both races experienced helped to mold their similar ideologies as both sought for the end of these negative acts. For example, most people connect lynching to African Americans during this movement, but what is left unsaid is that Mexican Americans were also lynched as well. In the Deep South a group that was prominently known for lynching in the south was the Ku Klux Klan. The western south states that bordered Mexico also had terrorizing groups whose lynching was targeted towards Mexican-Americans rather than African Americans: the Ku Klux Klan and the Texas Rangers. These groups continuously assaulted minority groups as they saw them as inferior and a threat to the American culture. What angered the Chicanos and the African Americans most was not that their people were continuously being assaulted, but because these groups got away with it. The government failed to see these acts as a crime. In most cases it was even the government such as police officers that assaulted them. Not only were they being assaulted in the streets by police officers and organizations, but they were also experiencing maltreatment in the workplace.

African Americans and Chicanos alike were discriminated in the work place or denied employment. They were deprived of jobs that they were more than qualified for because of their race. The only jobs that were available to them in the white community were “inferior and unskilled jobs” such as domestic work and factory jobs that paid below minimum wage. Some people were even denied job opportunities. Their past experiences whether it was political, economical or social unjust, pushed them to seek political involvement in order to rid of these laws that permitted these negative events to occur in their communities. It will push them to take back their communities and make sure that the people making the decisions in their community were not that of the superior Anglo race , but that of their own people.

The Chicano and Black Power Movement believed in the need for self-determination, that people of color should have control of their own community and institutions. By having control of their own community and institutions it would enable them to rid of racial oppression. In order to make changes within their community it was important that they had their own people in the political arena. The tactics that both movements took differed from one another, splitting their path towards...

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