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The Civil Rights Movement & Women's Liberation Movement

2400 words - 10 pages

History of Civil Rights Movement
The 1960s brought about changes economically and socially. The Civil Rights Movement was alive and moving. The Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s goal was to hopefully put an end to racial discrimination and to restore voting rights in the South. Clearly the 60s was not the beginning of the fight for civil rights in America. The 18th century in the United State was plagued by hatred, racism and slavery. Slavery affected the entire nation. Slavery destroyed families by taking members of one’s captive to work as slaves. Abolitionists of all races began protesting against slavery. As slaves grew tired of intense abuse, slaves planned escape routes, ...view middle of the document...

Marshall aided in the demise of legal segregation in America. Broking the color lines, which changed housing, transportation and voting. Marshall ruled the Supreme Court case of Brown vs. Board of Education, which ended the separation of black and white children in schools. The NAACP continues to pursue the elimination of racial hatred and racial discrimination by providing services such as legal aid and educational services. The organization has expanded one’s efforts with local chapters in almost every one of the 50 states in America. African-Americans continued to encounter unfair and unjust treatment. In 1955, Rosa Parks’ refusal to give up one’s bus seat to a white person led to the birth of the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s. One’s courageous stand led to many others worldwide fight against racial injustice. The controversial actions of the 60s Civil Rights Movement led groups to make stand for one’s personal causes and sufferings.
History of Women’s Liberation & Feminism Movements
The origin of women’s liberation began in the 18th century with the World‘s Anti-Slavery Convention of 1840 where delegates Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott were attending with ones husbands in London (McMillen, 2008). The credential committee ruled that women were unfit for public and business meetings (McMillen, 2008). The ladies were moved to a segregated area which was separated by curtains from the men. This segregated meeting in London later led to the Seneca Falls Women’s Convention of 1848 held in Seneca Falls, New York in July 1848. During the meeting, the Declaration of Sentiments was presented which was patterned after the Declaration of Independence (McMillen, 2008). The Declaration of Sentiments declared the rights of women. At the convention, the women discussed social, civil and religious rights of women. The women of the Seneca Falls Convention were abolitionists. The actions of the Seneca Falls Convention led to the First Wave of the feminist movement. In 1878, the proposal for equal voting for men and women was presented to Congress (Darcy, 1987). After years of campaigning and struggle, women and men were granted the right to vote equally under the 19th Amendment of the United States Constitution in 1919 (Darcy, 1987). Alice Paul felt that the 19th amendment was not enough and pushed for an equal rights amendment to be added to the Constitution and led the fight for equal rights (Baldez; Epstein & Martin, 2006). The Equal Rights Amendment was written by Alice Paul (Baldez; Epstein & Martin, 2006). The amendment was introduced to Congress in 1923. In 1972, the amendment was passed in both Houses of Congress, but failed to gain ratification before its June 30, 1982 deadline (Mansbridge, 1986). Women continued to fight for equality with blacks and women. During the 1960s, a resurge of women’s liberation was rebirth in America. Women felt the need and importance to be treated equally in the workplace as...

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