Missouri Applies for Statehood- 1819
In 1819, Missouri wanted to join the Union, although in the North, as a
slave state. In would make the balance of power in the Congress unequal.
Many Northerners were opposed to the idea. Northerners in Congress refused
to pass the bill. Northerners proposed that Missouri be slave and that no
more slaves were to be brought in and all slave children would be free at
the age of 25, so Missouri would become a Free State.
Missouri Compromise- 1820
Southerners were opposed to the idea brought up by Northerners. The
Congress was in debate for many months. Henry Clay proposed that Maine
enter the Union as a Free State. Also, prohibiting slavery ...view middle of the document...
In which free slavers would move to Liberia, which
was founded in 1822 in Africa by former slaves. Paul Cuffe in 1815,
thinking that free slaves would have a better life if they didn’t face
racial discrimination, took 38 blacks to Africa with him. In 1829, David
Walker’s Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World, endorsed a more
radical position than anyone before. In 1834, Theodore Weld, a young
religious man, led a revival among the students at Lane Seminary in
Cincinnati. Many of the students converted to the doctrine which called
for immediate emancipation, most of the conservative trustees suppressed
all anti-slavery legislation. Weld and his followers, then went from to!
wn to town preaching anti-slavery messages. The Underground Railroad was a
big key in the fight against slavery. "Conductors" would take slaves on
the back country roads at night until they either reached the north or
many slaves took the railroad to Canada. Abolitionism helped bring a part
the war because it separated the states even more.
Wilmot Proviso- 1846
After the United States went to war with Mexico, a win meant more land
but, the Missouri Compromise of 1820, only dealt with the Louisiana
Territory. On night in 1846, David Wilmot of Pennsylvania proposed an
answer. His plan said any land acquired from Mexico was to be free land.
The House passed the bill, but it was shot down in the Senate. It was able
to pass in the House because it was controlled by Northerners but it was
unable to pass in the Senate because it was controlled by Southerners.
This was a big issue because it showed that there was little that either
side could to pass a law the one side favored but the other didn’t which
also show a continuing separation that would last until the war.
California Applies for Statehood- 1849
In 1849, Gold was discovered in California, which sent thousand and
thousands of people to California. Later, California applies for statehood
as a free state, but since there were 15 free states and 15 slave states
the south opposed the move and northerners agreed with the idea. Debate in
Congress lasted for months. If California was admitted in to the Union as
a free state the South would not be able to stop any bill from passing
since the north would soon gain control of the entire Congress is what the
south was pleading.
Compromise of 1850
Henry Clay stepped in one more time, he came up with the idea that
California be admitted as a free state but the rest of the Southwest
Territories choose whether or not to be a slave state by popular
sovereignty, which let the people vote for slave or free. Also, the
District of Columbia would abolish slave trade and finally Congress would
pass a strong fugitive slave law. Clay had to bargain his plan for six
months, he at the end gain support from his long-time rival Daniel
Webster. John Calhoon was opposed to compromise. But, too sick to speak
James Madison read...