The Cold War Essay

1298 words - 6 pages

Kilde 1: Trumandoktrinen J. Bender og H-K. Gade ”Stormagtpolitikken 1945-1982, Munksgaard, 1983

Ophavssituation: 12. marts 1947 tale af Præsident Harry S. Truman til kongressen
Modtagere: Kongressen, men senere også Europa og Sovjetunionen
Brugsværdi: Talen om Truman doktrinen holdt til kongressen af Harry S. Truman, som var den amerikanske Præsident. Den umiddelbare baggrund for henvendelsen til kongressen var en anmodning fra den græske regering til USA om hjælp. Men blev reelt begyndelsen til den kolde krig. Han beskriver at det er USA's pligt at hjælpe andre lande, som lever under påtvunget vilje og livsformer.
Hovedpointer:
* Frihed og uafhængighed
* ...view middle of the document...

Brugsværdi: Churchill tidligere britisk premiereminister, taler om at et jerntæppe har sænket sig i Europa. Den magt politiske, økonomiske og ideologiske konflikt mellem de kapitalistiske lande og de kommunistiske regimer er nu en realitet.
Hovedpointer:
*  Sovjetsfæren – den sovjetiske indflydelse (absolut kontrol og intet demokrati) Jerntæppet
* Resumé af talen: Churchill taler om hvordan Sovjetunionen fører en ekspansions udenrigspolitik, de ønsker at have sovjetisk suverænitet. Og hvordan der ligesom har lagt sig et jerntæppe ned igennem Europa, så man nu ikke aner hvad der sker på den anden side. Alt styres med kontrol fra Moskva. Han slutter af med at sige at det ikke længere et fredeligt Europa der kæmpes om, og det er heller ikke længere et Europa der bærer elementer af holdbar fred.
Kilde 3: Vyshinsky: om Marshall-planen, 1947, Olsen m.fl. Grundbogen til historie – fra kold krig til globalisering, systime 2009 (uddrag)

Ophavssituation: September 1947, Andrei Vyshinsky, Sovjetunionens udenrigsminister.
Modtagere: FN’s general forsamling, altså alle landende indblandet i konflikten.
Brugsværdi: Andrei Vyshinsky beskriver Sovjetunionens holdninger til Marshall-planen, han argumentere for at USA har brudt med deres egne love i henhold til deres internationale samarbejde med f.eks. Sovjetunionen.
Hovedpointer:
*  at USA har opgivet det internationale samarbejde
* at USA kun er ude på at modarbejde Sovjet og samtidig få øget eksport til de ny samarbejdes lande.
* Resumé af talen: han taler om hvordan man nu kan se at det er USA og ikke Sovjetunionen, der ikke ønsker et samarbejde. USA ønsker at påtvinge andre uafhængige stater deres vilje. Samtidig bruger de også deres penge til at påfører deres politik over til andre lande. Det er samtidig også en plan om at dele Europa i to, nemlig de kapitalistiske og de kommunistiske. Og det er især for at få lande til at være fjendtligt indstillet overfor USSR.
Kilde 4: Domino-teorien, 1954, Olsen m.fl. Grundbogen til historie – fra kold krig til globalisering, systime 2009 (uddrag)

Ophavssituation: 7. April 1954, Præsident Eisenhowers pressekonference
Modtagere: Hele verden.
Brugsværdi: Præsident Eisenhower bliver under en pressekonference af en journalist om Indokinas stratetiske betydning for den frie verden? Han omtaler her princippet om ”de faldne domino brikker” og det var den politik der kom til at have indflydelse på USA deltagelse i Vietnam krigen. Samtidig var USA bange for at de ville ende i en situation hvor de var isoleret, med et pres fra øst og vest henhold vis Kina og Sovjet.
Hovedpointer:
*  at hvis et land først falder til kommunismen så skabes der en domino effekt.
* Resumé af talen: Eisenhower begrunder hvorfor det er vigtigt for USA at deltage i Vietnam krigen. Hans begrundelse er at : Man har en række dominobrikker opstillet, man vælter den første, og det der vil ske med den sidste er, at den med...

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