Vietnam National University, Hanoi
University of Social Sciences and Humanities
Faculty of Philosophy
Hoang Thi Thuy An
Subject: THE CONCEPT OF “DEMOCRACY” OF JOHN DEWEY IN “DEMOCRACY AND EDUCATION”
MAJOR IN HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY
Training degree: Mainstream
Year: QH – 2008 - X
Hanoi – 2012
Reasons for the subject
In recent years, the issue on “democracy” as well as “future of democracy” have become a great concern and opened discussions in academic forum in all over the world. Facing this ...view middle of the document...
One of them is “democracy” and “democratic promotion”. The XI National Party Congress developed deeper and more comprehensive awareness of “democracy” through asserting more fiercely the targets in the coming years. One of them is to build “the wealthy, powerful, democratic, fair and civilized society”, in which “democracy” is the fundamental target, democracy associates with the sovereignty of the mass – the mass is the “root”, the “subject” and the “sovereign”. The targets, which are set above in building and developing our country, has required the research in the thoughts of “democracy” in the world in general and the United Stated of America’s learning in particular.
Secondly, the US is one of the key partner in both economic and diplomatic relation with Vietnam after joining in the World Trade Union (WTO). With many people, the US is also the “young” nation with 236 years of history. But, this nation has done many things making all mankind surprised - leading the world in term of total domestic product for over haflt of the century, bringing people on the moon and developing aerospace technology, researching and applying nuclear weapon...Moreover, they also emphasize and give prominence to the concept of “freedom, democracy” in the programs of national level as well as the global agenda. Hence, what is “democracy”? Who lays the foundation and develops the concept of democracy in the US? Which are differences in democracy implemention in the US compared with other countries? Researching the US culture and social – political philosophy, especially John Dewey’s political philosophy, one of three representatives of pragmatism – the school of philosophy characterizing and imbuding with American spirit, will help us answer these questions above to have more comprehensive outlook in American country and its people, at the same time, to realize the impact of Dewey’s political philosophy on Amercian academic aspect as well as social, cultural, political life.
Deriving from the situations above, the author chooses "The concept of Democracy of John Dewey in Democracy and education” as the subject for my essay.
Besides introduction, conclusion and reference, the content of essay consists of 2 chapters and 5 sections.
CHAPTER 1: PREMISES ON THE SOCIAL – POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY OF JOHN DEWY
1. The cultural, social and economic premises for the emergence of the social – political philosophy of John Dewey
American history after the Civial War witnessed many enormous changes in economy. The rise of giant industrial cooperations in American economy are marked by merging a range of the independent industrial companies into the trusts. Agriculture transfered from manual to machine labour and from subsistence to commodity production. In the end of the 19st and the early of the 20st, financial sector contributed largely to economic development with the join of John Pirepont Morgan’s private bank. The role as an...