This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Continental Congress Essay

2107 words - 9 pages

The Continental Congress met in one of the most conservative of the seaport towns from which the revolutionary movement stemmed. Philadelphia patriots complained that there was more Toryism in Pennsylvania than in all the colonies combined; certainly the Quakers who dominated the province were more concerned in putting down radicalism at home than resisting tyranny from abroad. The character of the delegates who assembled in Philadelphia in September 1774 was likewise a good augury to the conservatives. The Continental Congress was composed of \"the ablest and wealthiest men in America\"; Chatham pronounced it to be \"the most honourable Assembly of Statesmen since those of the ancient ...view middle of the document...

\"Good God,\" exclaimed a Virginian, \"were we not abject slaves (in 1763)? We wanted but the name. . . . It was not till 1763 that we were openly insulted, and treated as slaves\" (Virginia Gazette, Purdie) By returning to 1763 fundamental grievances would be untouched: American trade and manufactures would be cramped by British restrictions; colonial laws would have to be approved by the British government; and Americans would \"always be peeled and pillaged\" for the benefit of English pensioners and courtiers. Moreover, the sacrifices already made for American liberty would have been in vain if such a poor palliative were accepted as the terms of peace (Principles and Acts of the Revolution). The \"blood and treasure\" already expended by Americans, exclaimed the radicals, and made reconciliation impossible except upon the colonists own terms. Thus the blood of the \"precious Sons of Liberty\" spilled in the cause of liberty was used to silence the advocates of reconciliation. Now that men were being asked to die, a richer reward than a return to 1763 had to be offered for their sacrifice (American Archives, Fourth Series).

The radicals in the Continental Congress rejoiced that Great Britains \"unexampled cruelties\" now barred the path of compromise. They proposed to gird for war before another blow could be struck. Their program was to open American ports to foreign powers; construct a navy; set up state governments; break off negotiations with Great Britain; seize the Tories and hold them as hostages.

Thus far, the radical policy of relying mainly upon events to bring the issue of independence before the people was fully vindicated. Disillusionment with English liberalism was widespread; \"measures short of war\" had been discredited; and the United Colonies had undertaken an armed invasion of part of the British Empire. And there were other evidences that Americans were moving steadily in the direction of independence even though they failed to read the signposts.

The Continental Congress was taking long strides in that direction as it strove to prepare the colonies for the inevitable struggle with Great Britain. On July 15, Congress resolved to relax the Association to permit the importation of military supplies; and in September a secret committee was appointed to take charge of the importation of powder and munitions. In August 1775, Congress rejected Lord Norths conciliatory plan. In November, news was received that no answer would be given the \"Olive Branch\" petition, and the Kings proclamation declaring the American colonies in a state of rebellion reached Philadelphia. Congress responded by creating the Committee of Secret Correspondence, later known as the Committee for Foreign Affairs; and in December authorization was given for the construction of an American navy.

When the American Revolution began, the British supposedly controlled the seas, but the colonial army was still successfully supplied with gunpowder...

Other Essays Like The Continental Congress

New York The Empire State Essay

354 words - 2 pages Independence which the Continental Congress had adopted on July 4. The congress also organized an Independent goverment. The next year, New York adopted its first constitution George Clinton was elected governor. About a third of all the battles were fought in New York. New York City was the United States capital from 1785 to 1790. In 1789, George Washington became the first presjident of the United States. He took the oath of office at Federal Hall on

George Washington Essay

633 words - 3 pages army wasn’t equipped with enough clothes blankets or food. They were told they would have a couple months of food to survive on. But they later realized they were lied to because they had about 3 days of food which after those three days starvation started. The harsh winter brought frost bite which killed several people. And the other general’s in charge of the continental congress went home because they didn’t want to have to suffer through it

The Articles of Confederation

899 words - 4 pages The Articles of Confederation was the first constitution of the United States of America. The Articles of Confederation were first drafted by the Continental Congress in Philadelphia Pennsylvania in 1777. This first draft was prepared by a man named John Dickinson in 1776. The Articles were then ratified in 1781. The cause for the changes to be made was due to state jealousies and widespread distrust of the central authority. This

Confederation and Constitution

2297 words - 10 pages Confederation and Constitution After the American Revolution the new nation was in a state of the unknown as a country. A group of representatives from each state had the task of defining the new nation and its government. The first attempt to define the new nation was in a document called the Articles of Confederation. Under the Articles of Confederation the federal government was basically just the Continental Congress. There was no

America - The Decisive Years A Discussion On Slavery; Britain's Treatment Of The Colonies And Weaknesses Of The Articles Of Confederation

1390 words - 6 pages Coercive Acts, closing the port of Boston until the tea was paid for. The Coercive acts also altered the Massachusetts charter, forbidding public gatherings and allowing British soldiers to commandeer any private residence.The Intolerable Acts led to action on the part of the colonists. Because they believed that Parliament had no control over them, fifty-five delegates gathered in Philadelphia in September of 1774 for the First Continental Congress

Sam adams

408 words - 2 pages that England was making on them. He organized protests and wrote his negative responses on the Sugar Act and other acts like that. He wrote in the newspaper frequently and was a principal organizer of the Boston Tea Party. Protests like this led to the Boston Massacre.Samuel Adams served in the First and Second Continental Congress. He signed the Declaration of Independence and helped develop the Articles of Confederation. He continued to serve in

The Vienna Congress: Re-Establishing The Old Order

1073 words - 5 pages The French Revolution and Napoleonic wars which produced new ideas of popular sovereignty, liberalism, and nationalism threatened the collective security and power relationships of many monarch states in Europe. The Vienna Congress that gathered attempted to reestablish the old conservative order and prevent the spread of the new order associated with Napoleonic France. Napoleon's defeat at Waterloo was an epic triumph for the allies of the

Declaration Of Independence

1273 words - 6 pages On June 7, 1776, Richard Henry Lee proposed a resolution to the Continental Congress stating that "these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent States." Four days later Congress appointed a committee to draft a declaration embodying the intent of the resolution. The committee, consisting of Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman, and Robert R. Livingston, pressed on Jefferson the task of

Presidents

604 words - 3 pages for three years * Served in Continental Congress * Joined the Jeffersonian Party * Age 11-16 studied at Campbelltown Academy * Excelled there, progressed through Latin and Mathematics at a rate faster than most boys his age * At 16 enrolled in the College of William and Mary * However around that time the school was not focused on the studies it was more focused on the rebellion. Monroe joined a group of 24 older men in

Branches of Government

1782 words - 8 pages Branches of Government America is a country like no other. Not only is America a relatively new country but also it still follows the original Constitution written nearly 300 years ago. However, the Constitution was not always The Constitution of the United States. During the Revolutionary War, the Second Continental Congress acted as the government. The Articles of Confederation was the first form of legislation created by

Articles Of Confederation

771 words - 4 pages themselves were drafted at the beginning of the war, but all 13 states had to sign before they could be ratified.In July 1775, Benjamin Franklin presented Congress with the first written plan for a new national government, the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union. Other plans also were introduced the following year, but it was not until June 11, 1776 that the Continental Congress appointed one committee to draft the Declaration of Independence

Related Papers

Events Leading To American Independence Essay

981 words - 4 pages removed all town meetings they have. These actions made the colonists turn against Britain even more.Continental Congress (1774)They first met in Philadelphia. They had 56 delegates for the continental congress. Every colony besides Georgia sent delegates. They discussed how to get a good militia. They discussed what to boycott and what was going to be in the Statement of Grievances. They did not know that there would be a Second Continental Congress

George Washington Essay

807 words - 4 pages it was dissolved in 1774. In 1960, he became the Fairfax county justice of peace for fourteen years. Washington opposed British taxation of colonies in the House of Burgesses[4]. These followed the passing of Townsend Act in 1767 that was aimed at increasing revenues. He recommended continental congress to check the interest of colonies following the implementation of this act. In 1774 Washington was elected a delegate in the first continental

Dancing At Lighnasa Essay

912 words - 4 pages the assembly in 1786-87 and was chosen as a delegate to the Constitutional Convention. Dayton spoke with moderate frequency during the debates and, though objecting to some provisions of the Constitution, signed it. After sitting in the Continental Congress in 1788, Dayton became a foremost Federalist legislator in the new government. He became a member of the New Jersey council and speaker of the state assembly. In 1791, however, he entered

Declaring Independence Essay

984 words - 4 pages On May 10, 1775, the Second Continental Congress met in Philadelphia. The Congress dealt with the military crisis the colonies were in with England. It organized forces around Boston into the Continental Army and appointed George Washington to commander-in-chief. The Battle of Bunker Hill was the first major battle fought in the war. The colonists had made a fort on Bunker and Breeds Hills to fire on English ships approaching Boston