The Correlation Between Education And Participation Or Interest In Politics

1032 words - 5 pages

Does level of education affect political participation? This is not something that is new to the realm of academia, nor is it a concept that stirs up much controversy. It is however a topic which many have approached from different angles. They vary in research, method and in what they seek to prove, but are unified by the correlation between education and political participation. Education is defined as the level of formal education or skills training received. Political participation is the level that an individual contributed to a democratic system, such as voting, researching a political issue or participating in a political party. While this is the main relationship that this ...view middle of the document...

With this greater understand of both the concepts and the importance of political participation, people are likely to see value in becoming politically involved.
Kam and Palmer offer one of the greatest modern criticisms of the education and political participation relationship. Through the use of Holland’s research (1986) they claim that not only is political engagement influenced by parental factors and pre-adult decisions, but also educational attainment does not have any effect on political engagement (Kam and Palmer, 2008). This threatened to overturn a consensus that had stood for years, until fundamental flaws within their research came to light, overturning their findings (Mayer, 2011). The random groups that had been used within Kam and Palmer’s research turned out to have some obvious biases contained within them that skewed the results. When these biases were eliminated and the control and test groups more equally chosen, the results were synonymous with the previous academic consensus (Mayer, 2011).
One of the common arguments brought up to challenge the relationship of education and political engagement is in regards to race, as rates of political participation among the white population is higher than that of other races in the United States. This once again can be linked back to education, as there is a disproportionate amount of Anglo-whites in the USA with degrees (Verba, 1993). Race and gender along with any other proposed causal variable cannot be tested accurately. Experiments that use variables contrary to education do not seem to hold (Mayer, 2011). This is likely because people are not only a member of a race and gender, but are also members of different groups, classes and socioeconomic positions. This makes a factor such as race, not only impossible to test, but arguably unimportant in comparison to other factors.
A variable that makes a measurable difference to level of political participation, outside of education is that of income. Income as defined as annual personal income, the amount earned in a given year, does have a positive affect on political participation (Frey, 1971; Russell, 1972). Advocates of income as the casual variable see the types of occupations of higher earning individuals as conducive to political participation. This is...

Other Essays Like The Correlation Between Education And Participation Or Interest In Politics

My Interest in an MSU Education and How I Intend to Use it to Make a Difference in Society

455 words - 2 pages educational sector in America is next to perfect and that is what I am seeking for, so I look for any possible means to get the best education through studying in Michigan State University (MSU). For nearly 150 years, Michigan State University has been transforming lives through high-impact, innovative teaching, research, and outreach initiatives. Today, as it continues to help students become responsible, knowledgeable, productive citizens, MSU is

The Role Of Citizen Political Participation In Hong Kong And Singapore

851 words - 4 pages government of Singapore started televising deliberations of the national legislative council. These three initiatives stimulated a new interest in government that had been absent from Singapore for years. The public finally felt that it could have a say in the governments decisions. What is ironic is it was the ruling elite's that brought about wider public participation government not mass demonstrations or citizen outrage. The elite's did this

My Interest In Applied Economics And Management

1043 words - 5 pages best (being an entrepreneur at heart) and decided to major in business administration. The business program at FIT does not have the best reputation or resources, so I decided I needed to find another college that would fulfill my educational needs. Transferring from FIT was hard, especially since I was leaving all of my friends and relationships with professors behind. However, I arrived at Newbury College refreshed and excited that I had

Studying Impact of Prenatal Participation in the Wic Program

1074 words - 5 pages programs designed to bridge the gap between the poor and rich, and reduce infant mortality in those with less access to resources. Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) is one such program and has had substantial impact on IMR in the poor in the US. The study performed by Khanani, Elam, Hearn, Jones & Maseru, “The Impact of Prenatal WIC Participation on Infant Mortality and Racial Disparities”, examined the value of WIC as a public health

From 1700 to 1775 the Various Churches, Established and Non-Established, Fundamentally Shaped Colonial Life, Including Education and Politics. React

1385 words - 6 pages leader, religion and politics were one in the same throughout the colony. Many religious beliefs and ways became laws throughout the colony. However, the idea of parallelism between the church and state was championed by many. In the eyes of many of the colonists and dissenters of the Puritans, the increasing corruption demanded reforms to segregate the church and state, an idea bolstered by the prominent Enlightenment thinker, Voltaire. In 1636

Media and Politics in Pakistan

579 words - 3 pages The Role of Freedom of press in post September 11 in Pakistan – Political Agenda Settings and War on Terror Freedom of press has always been a developmental issue and debate over the time, and from region to region, since the advent of a printing machine and its industry. Almost no one would have hypothesized at the time keeping in view, the evolution and development of technology and electronic media, which could further amplify the

An Assessment On Philippine Politics, Economy And Education

2266 words - 10 pages Assessment on EducationIn the past few years, government had been funding public schools to augment the school's need, of course, and to improve the system of education that surge in the urban and the rural areas here in the country.However, there seemed to be a leak in the system. The interest of government in education seemed to be drowned out from the political upheavals and other perils continually agitating the country. Education was third

Ethnic Minority Education In China: Finding A Path Between Tradition And Development

3763 words - 16 pages children often means that the family cannot afford to send them all to school. Within the region or village, shortage of funds means that schools, qualified teachers, and adequate facilities are often few and far between. Given that the competitiveness of the Chinese education system makes advancement difficult to for any student, minority or Han, to achieve—examinations are conducted in the sixth grade, ninth grade, and twelth grade to determine

How To Involve Students And Maintain Their Interest In Lessons

795 words - 4 pages can say supporting words to students and give some examples to students of how it will be if they can achieve a task. Let them feel the feeling of satisfaction so that students would be more eager to work toward success. In this way, students will contribute more and increase their interest to the lesson.Take note of realismMake use of realistic examples or real situation when teaching students languages. Language is for communication. So, it is

Is Globalization Widening or Narrowing the Gap Between the Rich and Poor Countries

719 words - 3 pages widespread agreement that globalization offered many opportunities for economic growth, but many developing countries felt it widened the gap between rich and poor. Following the Committee's recommendations, the Assembly called for increased international cooperation to address the challenges of globalization through the enhanced participation of developing countries in the international economic policy decision-making process; integrated

Corruption and Black Money in Politics

4630 words - 19 pages our political parties are, run with this black money. When this is the situation one can understand, why no effective control on black money is possible. You shall see many politicians have become very wealthy while there seems no source of income to them for example, Sharad Pawar from Maharashtra, has been in politics ever since his college days, he never did any service or business and still he is now a very wealthy man. Another example we see

Related Papers

My Interest In Education And Business

916 words - 4 pages  My Interest in Education and Business.   Throughout life, my aspiration in terms of prospective careers has been shared by both education and business.    The allure of an education degree to me is the prospect of someday stimulating the minds of young individuals and becoming an influential figure in their lives. In truth, I believe that an Education degree will allow me to explore all aspects of the educational field, and

The Differences In Education Between China And America

636 words - 3 pages Meng Ling Jun Professor Jami L.Josifek EMLLS 112 14 March 2013 The Differences in Education between China and America A large number of students from China are planning to attend college in the America over the next five years. However, there are many differences in education between China and America. In fact, it is hard to be successful in American college. How the Chinese student to be successful, and what are the differences in

Has There Really Been Any Difference Between Wartime Propaganda And Peacetime Advertising Or Politics?

2921 words - 12 pages Has there really been any difference between wartime propaganda and peacetime advertising or politics? 2500 words. Introduction Propaganda is an art requiring special talent. It is not mechanical, scientific work. Influencing attitudes requires experience, area knowledge, and instinctive “judgment of what is the best argument for the audience”. No manual can guide the propagandist. He must have a good mind, genius, sensitivity and

Politics And Religious Faith In The Media

2963 words - 12 pages influencing the publics understanding of the truth of the situation? Is it possible to report on a topic as controversial and complex as religion and politics in such a way that is not biased or catered to popular opinion? Through my research I have found material to suggest that the media, specifically magazines, newspapers, and on-line articles, are not clearly delineating between those who favor Bush’s religious faith as a general rule, and those