The Definition Of Curriculum Essay

1313 words - 6 pages

The term "curriculum" is not a straight forward word that can be defined nor its depth appreciated. Further investigation into this topic reveals that the art and science of curriculum building is a complex field that many authors, scholars or academic writers each have a different definition describing what curriculum means to them. This essay will attempt to address issues such as various definitions of curriculum, its purpose or goal, how it is developed, its structure, how it is influenced by different learning theories, the processes of teaching,

The word curriculum originates from a Latin word which means “a race” or “the course of the race”. Indeed, for many leaners and teachers ...view middle of the document...

The definition of curriculum can be further viewed from a narrow or a broad perspective. The narrow definition looks at a curriculum as a plan while the broad definition is more inclusive concept that compromises all the opportunities for learning and is viewed in historical perspective in its sociopolitical context. Despite there been differing definition from many authors the fundamental principle that is common in all definition’s is that curriculum is all about planning.

Under some definitions, curriculum is prescriptive, and is based on a more general syllabus which merely specifies what topics must be understood and to what level to achieve a particular grade or standard. However the term syllabus should not be confused with the term curriculum they are not the same but rather they complement each other. The word syllabus in Greek means a concise statement or table of the topics of a discourse or the list of contents of a subject. Such a document has a series of headings with some additional notes which sets out the arrears to be examined.

In seeking to understand the better role of the curriculum in the 21st century, the purpose should be to ensure that students are well equipped to whatever it is that this century will call them to do and be", while Marsh and Willis (2007, as cited in Marsh, 2010, p.93) define curriculum as "an interrelated set of plans and experiences which a student completes under the guidance of the school". Other definitions of the curriculum surface dependent on the stakeholders in question.

Curriculum can be envisaged from different perspectives. What societies envisage as important teaching and learning constitutes the “intended" curriculum. Since it is usually presented in official documents, it may be also called the "written" and/or "official" curriculum. However, at classroom level this intended curriculum may be altered through a range of complex classroom interactions, and what is actually delivered can be considered the "implemented" curriculum. What learners really learn (i.e. what can be assessed and can be demonstrated as learning outcomes/learner competencies) constitutes the "achieved" or "learned" curriculum. In addition, curriculum theory points to a "hidden" curriculum (i.e. the unintended development of personal values and beliefs of learners, teachers and communities; unexpected impact of a curriculum; unforeseen aspects of a learning process). Those who develop the intended curriculum should have all these different dimensions of the curriculum in view. While the "written" curriculum does not exhaust the meaning of curriculum, it is important because it represents the vision of the society. The "written" curriculum should therefore be expressed in comprehensive and user-friendly documents, such as curriculum frameworks; subject curricula/syllabuses, and in relevant and helpful learning materials, such as textbooks; teacher guides; assessment guides.

In some cases,...

Other Essays Like The Definition of Curriculum

The Definition of Insanity as it Relates to Criminal Offences

551 words - 3 pages The insanity defense is a defense asserted by an accused in a criminal prosecution to avoid liability for the commission of a crime because, at the time of the crime, the person did not appreciate the nature or quality or wrongfulness of the acts. The insanity defense is used by criminal defendants. The most common variation is cognitive insanity. Under the test for cognitive insanity, a defendant must have been so impaired by a mental

Every Day Monsters; An Analysis Of The Definition Of Monsters And Marvels In The Middle Ages, Based On The Book "Monsters And Marvels" By Ambroise Pare

1699 words - 7 pages determine how one categorized or defined a monster in the Middle Ages, as to make them such a common phenomenon whereas in the twenty-first century, many people think the closest they have come to a real monster is the movie theatre. Ambroise Parè's book Monsters and Marvels, originally published in 1573, defines Monsters as the following: "Monsters are things that appear outside the course of Nature..." and Marvels: "Marvels are things which

Unit 506 Curriculum Development for Inclusive Practice

3618 words - 15 pages unions, public services providers along with the voluntary and community sector are coming together in a process intended to agree on the future direction of lifelong learning policy in the UK. (education, 2005) The word curriculum has its roots in the Latin word for “track” or “race course”. Today the definition is much wider and includes all the planned learning experiences of a school or educational institution. It is worth considering

Curriculum Development Form Inclusive Practice

2772 words - 12 pages considerable strands from the others in order to make it relevant, logical and current. The CLM curriculum is best described by Doll “The curriculum of school is the formal and informal content and process by which learners gain knowledge and understanding, develop skills and after attitudes, appreciations and values under the auspices of that school” One could argue Doll’s definition is not aligned to a

Curriculum Design for Inclusive Practice

2262 words - 10 pages was designed to educate the elitist creating a classical humanistic approach for the guardian class. This approach continued into the twenty first century. My initial thought on the definition of curriculum meant the overall content of what is to be taught, (Atherton, 2009. online.) such as the syllabus; however after some extensive research I believe this not to be the case. In contrast, I consider the curriculum to be much more intense by

Ralph W. Tyler's Basic Principles of Curriculum and Instruction

842 words - 4 pages In 1949, a small book had a big impact on education. In just over one hundred pages, Ralph W. Tyler presented the concept that curriculum should be dynamic, a program under constant evaluation and revision. Curriculum had always been thought of as a static, set program, and in an era preoccupied with student testing, he offered the innovative idea that teachers and administrators should spend as much time evaluating their plans as they do


1415 words - 6 pages Introduction to curriculum studiesAssignment1.Differentiate between the formal, informal and hidden curriculumClearly outline the main steps / process in developing a formal curriculum. In you presentation, develop a literacy curriculum for a specific grade level in term at either primary or secondary level of education.Curriculum refers to the plan and structured work which school have to give students reason to achieve educational outcome. It

Curriculum Development and Inclusive Practice

2110 words - 9 pages Curriculum Development For Inclusive Practice Module LL222N “Curriculum is a body of knowledge-content and/or subjects. Education in this sense is the process by which these are transmitted or 'delivered' to students by the most effective methods that can be devised.” Blenkin et al (1992). And so, curriculum is the activities that learners will undertake to achieve certain learning achievements and goals. The planning, learners experience

Aligning Objectives, Teaching and Assesment - Creating a Course Design

2998 words - 12 pages of the current learning context (CLC) which leads us to Biggs’s aligned system of instruction. We tried to shape the CLC components in order to increase the CLC effectiveness. We succeed to do this through the curriculum we build, which was created based on Bloom’s taxonomy and critical thinking approach of teaching. The importance of the research consists in offering our perspective on the alignment process between objectives, teaching and

Explain What Is Meant by the Term National Curriculum

594 words - 3 pages Assignment 3. 1. Explain what is meant by the term National Curriculum. The National Curriculum was introduced in 1988 for England, Wales and Northern Ireland. Its purpose was to set out the statutory requirements for the knowledge and skills that every child is expected to learn at school. The National Curriculum sets out the standards to be used to measure the progress and performance of pupils in each subject to help teachers plan and

E230 Tma 03

2026 words - 9 pages TMA 03 E230 Examining Curriculum Issues Part 1 In this assignment I will discuss how the areas of language, mathematics and science are described within the Foundation Stage Guidance, how learning is assessed within this guidance and how inclusion issues are addressed. I will discuss my role in planning an activity that engages children in all of these three areas. Then I will examine the curriculum that follows on from the

Related Papers

The Definition Of Portraiture Essay

4024 words - 17 pages is defined by the Oxford Dictionary as “A painting, drawing, photograph, or engraving of a person, especially one depicting only the face or head and shoulders,” but surely it cannot be so simply defined, summarised in a sentence of no more than 20 words? No, I do not share this ideal that the complex art of portraiture can be pinned down to such a precise and claustrophobic definition. I believe the difficulty in creating a categorical

The Definition Of Philosophy Essay

691 words - 3 pages The Definition of Philosophy The world’s transformation from the beginning of time till the present day self sufficient juggernaut can only be credited to the many intelligent people along the way and their thirst of knowledge. The knowledge in which people thirst for or acquire through studies can be determined as many different meanings. The Greek Romans developed the overall concept of philosophy by taking the Greek work philosophia

How And To What Extent Did War And Violence Contribute To The Definition Of Chivalry As Both An Historical And Social Phenomenon?

1934 words - 8 pages How and to what extent did war and violence contribute to the definition of chivalry as both an historical and social phenomenon? It is largely acknowledged by historians that, while it is difficult to be definitive in the meaning of chivalry-with Maurice Keen believing it to be a ‘word elusive of definition’- it came to denote the culture of a martial estate which ‘regarded war as its hereditary profession’. Thus, it could be considered that

Select 2 Competing Suppliers For The Same Goods Or Service. Critically Evaluate Their E Strategies And Diagnose The Definition Of The Market, The Kfs And What The Value To End User

4541 words - 19 pages very distinguish from others.Service is also a very important part of product strategy of online shops. Here, I would like to introduce the situation of the two online stores about their services to compare them more detailed. Service is an inseparable part of product definition, which can influence the extent of satisfactory and loyalty of customers to the companies. The two stores all provide guarantee for the quality of products and delivery