The Development Of Ancient Greek, Roman, And Estruscan Temples

854 words - 4 pages

Trace the development of Greek, Etruscan, and Roman Temples. How are they different and how are they similar? Who inspired who? Finally, what was the place and purpose of Religion in Greek, Etruscan, and Roman Culture?
Architectural feats dedicated to the gods are consistent throughout the ancient civilizations of Greece, Etruria, and Rome. Temples were the architectural expressions of the importance of religion in these societies. The precision and care dedicated to the making of each of the temples undeniably reflect this attitude. The Classical Greeks frequently used the simple Doric order, but went into detail with their temple sculptures. The temples built during the ...view middle of the document...

The tiny Ionic Temple of Athena Nike was devoted to the winged goddess of victory, Nike. After the initial construction of this temple between 427 and 424 B.C.E., carved reliefs were added to show a victorious Athena preparing for a celebration. The Temple of the Olympian Zeus in Athens, reconstructed during the Hellenistic age, was a massive building. This temple is unique in that it prominently used the ornamental Corinthian order. The flamboyance, however, was typical of the Hellenistic period.
Religion was central to ancient Greek society. The Greek temples, with their artistic and physical grandeur, portray the importance of religion to the ancient Greeks. The Parthenon, for example, is the largest building in the Acropolis and is situated on the highest point. The magnitude of the Temple of the Olympian Zeus, with its decorative exterior, is also a great tribute to the gods. In addition, the mythological artwork portraying the stories of the gods and goddesses in all the Greek temples surely establishes that the ancient Greeks used religion as a focal point in their society.
While not much is known of the Etruscans, their temples were definitely influenced by the Greeks. Similar to the Greek temples, the Etruscan temples were structured rectangularly and were raised on a podium. The Etruscans used a Tuscan order, a Doric order with an added base. In other contrast to the Greek temples, Etruscan temples had one set of entrance stairs, a bigger porch, and a wider interior. The precise and well thought out architecture, entails that the Etruscans also prized religion in their society.
The Roman temples seem...

Other Essays Like The Development of Ancient Greek, Roman, and Estruscan Temples

Ancient Roman Republic and Empire, Nero and Patricians & Plebeians

2097 words - 9 pages that eventually became the senate. The men were known as paters (meaning fathers or heads) and that was the basis of the name of the Patrician people of Rome. Plebeians originated from the all of the peasants, merchants, farmers, crafters, labourers & metalworkers in the Roman republic, as well as citizens of states on the Italian Peninsula that were absorbed by the Roman Republic. Status in ancient Rome was based purely on birth. The Patricians

The History Of Greek Architecture Essay

1053 words - 5 pages The History of Greek Architecture The architecture of ancient Greece is represented by buildings in the sanctuaries and cities of mainland Greece, the Aegean islands, southern Italy and Sicily, and the Ionian coast of Turkey. Monumental Greek architecture began in the archaic period, flourished through the classical and Hellenistic periods, and saw the first of many revivals during the Roman Empire. The roots of Greek architecture

Defense of the Ancient

537 words - 3 pages When Mom and Dad have sexual intercourse, my Dad places his erect penis inside my mom's vagina. He releases millions of sperm when ejaculation occurs. And the sperm have been deposited they have a long and arduous journey ahead of them, like salmon entering the mouth of a river to swim upstream to spawn. Some of the sperm swim straight up into the fallopian tubes through the cervix and uterus. - And some of them are so fast, that sperms have

Decline of the Roman Empire

540 words - 3 pages Decline of the Roman Empire Rome wasn't built in a day, it took hundreds of years to expand it's empire. Rome's success was due to the fact of the character of it's people and the quality of their statesmanship (pg. 125). It took hundreds of years for The Roman Empire to collapse. The Roman Empire didn't fall because of any single reason. It fell, because of a chain reaction similar to the domino effect. When the character of it's people

Beliefs Of The Ancient Egyptians

2905 words - 12 pages these footprints of previous civilizations, one cannot overlook the fascination embedded in ancient Egypt. This period in history would be filled with mythology and magic as well as remarkable technology. The ancient Egyptians would undoubtedly influence the civilizations that followed them in a way that would leave their mark throughout known history. From fertilizing land, to burying the dead, to the worship of mystical idols and gods, the ancient

Geography and the Development of Human Society

1537 words - 7 pages examples of diffusion can be traced from various ancient societies back to their origins in ancient Egypt, but one example, perhaps of the lesser-known variety, may prove of some interest. While many people in today’s modern world think of the stone architectural column, so often seen around our modern monuments and temples, as a Greek or Roman invention, it is actually of Egyptian origin. Dramatic examples of the architectural column can be

The Fall Of The Roman Empire

1301 words - 6 pages were Jupiter, Apollo, Mars, Juno, and Minerva. These gods made up the pantheon. The Romans also worshiped personal and household spirits, such as the lares and the manes. The lares were known to keep the house safe. The manes were the spirits of your ancestors that (which?) passed away. The Christian leaders stressed the importance of moral behavior, laws on marriage, slave trading, and sinning. This brought many changes to the Roman Empire

The Major Values of Classical Greek Culture and How They Impacted on Concepts of Childhood

940 words - 4 pages Outline some of the major values of classical Greek culture and indicate how you think they impacted on concepts of childhood. In this assignment I delve into classical Greek culture, the day to day activities, schooling, extra-curricular activities and general behavior of all classes regarding treatment, education and raising of children, in the context of how they then, And how they now have impacted on modern and past concepts of childhood

Impact Of Christianity On The Roman Culture

535 words - 3 pages humbles himself like this child is greatest in my kingdom. If anyone causes these little ones who believe in me to sin, it would be better for him to have a large millstone around his neck and be drowned in the Sea (Matt 18:4-6)."Half of the entire Roman Empire consisted of slaves. The city of Athens had four hundred thousand inhabitants; one hundred thousand of those were free and three hundred thousand were slaves. Slavery in the ancient world

The Development Of Photography And Film

3376 words - 14 pages and testing his device in what is now regarded as the very first movie studio ever made. Edison respectively called his studio ‘Black Maria,’ for it was painted black inside to keep unwanted light out. Edison’s unveiling of the Kinetoscope to the public did not happen over night; instead it was the result of many years of work and many other inventions and advances before it. The first step in the development of moving pictures can be

The Movement Of Liminal Women And Its Consequences In Early Greek Myth

5992 words - 24 pages corresponding transition from one state to the next, may change the very nature of the cosmos itself. This article will discuss several shared characteristics in the myths of Pandora, Persephone and Helen as presented in some of our earliest ancient Greek literary sources. Specifically, I shall look at those dating from the 8th to 6th centuries BCE: Homer's Iliad and Odyssey; Hesiod's Theogony and Works and Days; the Homeric Hymn to Demeter and Homeric Hymn

Related Papers

How Did The Life Of Ancient Greek Or Roman Woman Differ From The Life Of A Woman In The West Today?

753 words - 4 pages Classical Civilisation thepiggrinder How did the life of ancient Greek or Roman woman differ from the life of a woman in the west today? Women in the modern western culture of today enjoy many more rights than those of ancient Greek and Roman women. Woman in the modern culture of the west today have an unrestricted amount of freedom (often supported by law such as diversity and equality legislation) Women in the west today have

Journey To The City Of Temples [Bhubaneswar]

1174 words - 5 pages Journey to the City Of Temples [Bhubaneswar] The sun was shining, the birds were chirping, it was the summer season and all the flowers were blooming .It was a Sunday. We were in Odisha. A beautiful state, we were in Cuttack [formerly the capital of Odisha] and my mother’s hometown. My mother suddenly got a very good idea. She said to me that did you know? Bhubaneswar is a city of temples. There are three hundred temples in

The Ancient Greek Parthenon In Athens. Information About The Parthenon And The Statue Of Athena Inside

1169 words - 5 pages In roughly the center of ancient Athens stood a 500 foot Dolomite outcropping known as the Athenian Acropolis (Greek meaning high city). During the 5th century B.C. an extensive building program, initiated by the statesman Pericles, created several public building on the rocks crowning the plateau. These structures, in the order they were constructed were: the temple of Athena Parthenos (the Parthenon), 447-432 BC; the Propylaea (gateway), 437

Rise And Fall Of The Roman Empire

1300 words - 6 pages . Rome hadconquered almost a third of the world's land mass, stretching across Europe, Africa andAsia. Rome greatly spread the concept of Western philosophy because every conqueredstate would be influenced by this influx of Roman idea's. As you can imagine, the worldwas affected when the existing culture and belief's were mixed with that of the Romanone. The Roman's were great supporters of Art and Architecture, and the cities they builtwere