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The Development Of Ancient Greek, Roman, And Estruscan Temples

854 words - 4 pages

Trace the development of Greek, Etruscan, and Roman Temples. How are they different and how are they similar? Who inspired who? Finally, what was the place and purpose of Religion in Greek, Etruscan, and Roman Culture?
Architectural feats dedicated to the gods are consistent throughout the ancient civilizations of Greece, Etruria, and Rome. Temples were the architectural expressions of the importance of religion in these societies. The precision and care dedicated to the making of each of the temples undeniably reflect this attitude. The Classical Greeks frequently used the simple Doric order, but went into detail with their temple sculptures. The temples built during the ...view middle of the document...

The tiny Ionic Temple of Athena Nike was devoted to the winged goddess of victory, Nike. After the initial construction of this temple between 427 and 424 B.C.E., carved reliefs were added to show a victorious Athena preparing for a celebration. The Temple of the Olympian Zeus in Athens, reconstructed during the Hellenistic age, was a massive building. This temple is unique in that it prominently used the ornamental Corinthian order. The flamboyance, however, was typical of the Hellenistic period.
Religion was central to ancient Greek society. The Greek temples, with their artistic and physical grandeur, portray the importance of religion to the ancient Greeks. The Parthenon, for example, is the largest building in the Acropolis and is situated on the highest point. The magnitude of the Temple of the Olympian Zeus, with its decorative exterior, is also a great tribute to the gods. In addition, the mythological artwork portraying the stories of the gods and goddesses in all the Greek temples surely establishes that the ancient Greeks used religion as a focal point in their society.
While not much is known of the Etruscans, their temples were definitely influenced by the Greeks. Similar to the Greek temples, the Etruscan temples were structured rectangularly and were raised on a podium. The Etruscans used a Tuscan order, a Doric order with an added base. In other contrast to the Greek temples, Etruscan temples had one set of entrance stairs, a bigger porch, and a wider interior. The precise and well thought out architecture, entails that the Etruscans also prized religion in their society.
The Roman temples seem...

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