The Differences Between ADN and BSN Nurses
Grand Canyon University: NRS-430v
For those not working in the healthcare field, the profession of nursing can cause a lot of confusion. There are multiple different certifications or degrees that get lumped into many peoples’ idea of nursing. For example, there are certified nursing assistants (CNAs), licensed practical nurses (LPNs), associate-level nurses (ADNs), baccalaureate-level nurses (BSNs), masters-level nurses (MSNs), doctorate level nurses (PhDs) and (APRNs) and many different types of specialty certifications. All of these different levels of nursing require varying levels of schooling and certification. For the ...view middle of the document...
Magnet status is an award that handed out by the American Nurses’ Credentialing Center (ANCC). Now many ADNs are finding that they have to go back to school to get their BSN or move in to a different setting, like long-term care facilities. Many hospitals prefer a BSN nurse over an ADN nurse for many variety of other reasons that have nothing to do with magnet status. There are many statistics that show that having BSN trained nurses provide better patient outcomes.
Studies Showing Increased Outcomes and Hospital Preference of BSN Nurses
A study from an issue of Medical care published in October 2014, showed a 10% increase in BSN trained nurses was associated with a 10.9% lower mortality rate and suggested that increasing BSN trained nurses to 80% would result in lower readmission rates (Yakusheva, Lindrooth, & Weiss2014, October). Another study from the Journal of Nursing Administration in February 2013 looked at 21 University Healthsystem Consortium hospitals and found that hospitals with a higher amount of nurses that had a BSN or higher had lower congestive heart failure mortality, decubitus ulcers, failure to rescue, and postoperative deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism and shorter length of stay (Blegen, Goode, Park, Vaughn, & Spetz 2013, February).
As you can see from these studies there are a lot of benefits to having baccalaureate or higher level nurses and according to some more recent studies the trend of higher BSN nurses is increasing. A study that was published in Nursing Economics showed that the number and percentage of BSN trained nurses is increasing in acute care hospitals. At the same time, they found that the number and percentage of ADN trained nurses is decreasing (Auerbach, Buerhaus, & Staiger 2015, January-February). According to a survey by the American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) titled Employment of New Nurse Graduates and Employer Preferences for Baccalaureate-Prepared Nurses found that many employers are making moves to hire the best educated nurses possible and showed that more than 79% prefer nurses with their BSN (AACN, 2014, October).
As suggested by these studies the healthcare industry is making a push to have their current ADN trained nurses...