This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Effect Of Highspeed Trains On Society

1261 words - 6 pages

The Effect of Highspeed Trains on Society

A major reason in favor of the construction of high-speed trains in America is to relieve airways and traffic congestion. First, delays at airports are costly. Larry Johnson, director of the Center for transportation Research at Argonne National Laboratory near Chicago, calculates that passengers lose more that twelve million hours each year in delays at O'Hare airport alone. In 1986, according to the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) airlines, delays cost five billion dollars, including two billion in extra fuel and labor cost, for the ailing airline industry. According to the FAA, relieving airport congestion will cost one hundred and ...view middle of the document...

In the next twenty years, this insidious tax is projected to nearly double (Mallinckarodt p1). Bill Fay said," Cars stuck in traffic waste more fuel and emit more pollutants than cars that are moving"(Dahl 4). High occupancy vehicle (HOV) lanes are one of the primary tools used to reduce traffic congestion on the state highway system and improve air quality ("HOV Lanes in California …" p1). The usual goal of HOV lane restrictions is to provide overall congestion, and emissions reduction (Mallinckdet. p 1). However, in recent years, HOV lanes effectiveness in achieving these goals has come in to question ("HOV Lanes in California …" p1). When drivers use a highway, they do not pay the cost that they may be imposing on other drivers. Ideally, traffic should flow smoothly at the speed limit. However, as traffic increases, eventually the addition of one more vehicle will slow the flow and increase the travel time of other vehicles. At this point congestion (the negative externality) begins (Dahl p4). Sen Daniel Patrick Moynihan said," The train technology, offers great opportunities to reduce congestion in our surface and air transportation system" (Clough 9). Thus building high-speed trains would aid the problem of increasing congestion at America's airports and on the highways.

Those who argue against high-speed trains cite their negative effects to the environment. Environmental concerns have been raised with respect to high-speed rail. High-speed rail's ability to materially reduce air pollution and energy consumption is dependent upon significantly reducing automobile and airline use ( Dahl p2). The FDOT's (Florida Department of Transportation) projections, anticipate so few people transferring from autos and air that any air pollution or energy gain would be inconsequential. Further, construction of major infrastructure projects consumes energy. It has been estimated that San Francisco's BART rapid transit system consumed more energy in construction than the future diversion from automobiles would save (Dahl p4). Burning fossil fuels, a process that expends approximately two times as much energy as it produces, generates most Florida electric power. Electric propulsion thus loses some of its advantage over fossil fuel propulsion (Johnson 2). Additionally French Champagne growers claim that high-speed rail embankments trap cold air, threatening their crops. A similar effect in Florida could make preservation of adjacent citrus crops more challenging (Dahl 1). However, students are now being educated on the rail system and the positive effects it can bring to the environment by reducing pollution so more and more people are using the rail transit system. Ensuring that high-speed trains will be stable, designers have minimized the amount of fuel required to run the trains, both to limit pollution from the power plant that provides the electricity and to save on the costs of electricity. To achieve the greatest speed for...

Other Essays Like The Effect Of Highspeed Trains On Society

The Effect of Videogames on Student Achievement

2785 words - 12 pages The Effect of Videogames on Student Achievement BY JONATHAN CRATON Introduction In the past few decades, interactive electronic media has grown from virtual non-existence to one of the primary means of entertainment for college students. In more recent years, the Internet has completely changed the landscape of electronic media from something individual and static into something with the potential to be interactive and social.  This article

The Effect of Temperature on Air Pressure

1419 words - 6 pages DESCRIPTION: My project consists of a series experiments to determine the effect of air pressure in a given environment at various temperatures. The experiments I chose to conduct are: 1) Heat an ordinary pop can on a hot plate and then putting the can upside down in cold water to see the effect of a fast change in temperature. 2) Partially full milk jug with hot water, put the cap on tightly, and let it sit for one hour to see

The Effect of Sarbanes-Oxley on Auditors

2666 words - 11 pages Journal of Finance and Accountancy The Effect of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act on Auditors’ Audit Performance Tae G. Ryu Metropolitan State College of Denver Barbara Uliss Metropolitan State College of Denver Chul-Young Roh East Tennessee State University ABSTRACT The issue of audit reporting for financially distressed firms continues to be of interest to the public and to legislators. Previous studies have consistently shown that auditors

The Effect of Light on Photosynthesis

1206 words - 5 pages The Effect of Light on Photosynthesis Plants need and use the same light of foods as animals but while animals have to eat other things to get their food, plants make it themselves. The way they do this is called photosynthesis. The other ways that plants are different from animals, such as having leaves and root or being green, they are all linked with photosynthesis. In photosynthesis, plants take carbon dioxide

The Effect of Religion on Hamlet's Decisions

1310 words - 6 pages The Effect of Religion on Hamlet’s Decisions For as long as history has been recorded, most humans have turned toward religion to guide them through everyday life. Religion often contains a moral code governing the conduct of human affairs. Most religious people also believe in a life after death in which one’s actions during their time on earth determine whether they are privileged in their afterlife and go to Heaven or punished and go to

Climatic Change And Its Effect On Society

908 words - 4 pages Climatic Change and Its Effect on Society      There has been a significant climatic change that has taken place throughout the years on Earth. These changes have effected society in more than one way. However, there is nothing society can do about the long term influences of climatic changes. Society has tended to address the short term effects of climatic changes that influence the global temperatures within the

The Effect of Credit on Consumers That Impact on Firms

691 words - 3 pages The effect of credit on consumers that impact on firms Fundamentals of Business The effect of credit on consumers that impact on firms Firms will not exist without the presence of a consumer, they depend on consumers, so when a consumer is affected by some changes, the same applies to firms. Example of extracts below illustrate. Example 1 Extract from, Monday, 30 June 2008 Credit crunch hits NI motor market First it was the

The Influence Of CAD On Society

2631 words - 11 pages thinking. (Friedman) And like the railroad, electric light, or the car it will eventually alter our economic structures, our social systems, and our daily living. IBM’s best thinking on this matter is that the computer did not turn out to be primarily a computational mechanism but is for many different things (Zandi, 22). CADD allowed us to design something as complex as a skyscraper and it allows us to create many other complex things. (Grad, 17) Many things are still to come of CADD can we can only await to see how it will change or society and our drafters more.

The Effect of the Internet on the Newspaper Industry’s Revenues

1629 words - 7 pages The Effect of the Internet on the Newspaper industry’s Revenues Emily Ford University of Maryland University College The Effect of the internet on The Newspaper Industry’s Revenues The newspaper industry is currently in the midst of a financial crisis due to the increased competition from news outlets on the internet and the changes in how the public chooses to access information. In 2011 seven major American newspapers declared

The Effect of Cultural Distance on Entry Mode Choice: the Moderating Effect of Language Diversity

2665 words - 11 pages The effect of cultural distance on entry mode choice: the moderating effect of language diversity Name: Rajae El Aiachi Student number: 10202773 Teacher: Dr Johan Lindeque MSc. In Business Administration – Theories of International Management Date: 27-09-2015 Abstract (50 Words) Previous studies have shown that the choice of entry mode depends on various types of aspects, containing also cultural distance between countries (Arora and

Effect of Dissolved Co2 on the Ph of Water

719 words - 3 pages Practical 3 Title: Effect of dissolved Carbon Dioxide on the pH of Water Aim: To investigate the effect of dissolved carbon dioxide on the pH of water. Hypothesis: The dissolved carbon dioxide will cause the water to turn acid, lowering the pH when carbon dioxide dissolves in water in which it forms carbonic acid (H2CO3). Materials: Straws, distilled water, safety glasses, pH probe, computer, universal indicator, gloves, lab coats

Related Papers

The Internets Effect On Society Essay

551 words - 3 pages The rapid evolution of our society can be attributed to the technological advances the public has experienced over the years. A development such as the internet has created innovative methods for the public to communicate, congregate, and share information. The internet has and will continue to alter the way people live but the there are pros and cons to the degree in which they rely on this technology. The social effects and the

The Great Depression: Its Effect On Society

835 words - 4 pages What is a depression? It's an economic slump, a time of hardship. One such economic slump happened in the United States, and it was quite hard on the people. It was called the 'Great Depression' and it lasted about twenty years, from 1920 to 1940. This event, the Great Depression, changed the United States' society and culture by the spread of poverty, increased discrimination, and how people banded together within their communities to help one

Stereotyping And Profiling – The Negative Effect On Society

2512 words - 11 pages Stereotyping and Profiling – The Negative Effect on Society Glenn A Smith ENG102 Sullivan University Composition 102 Abstract This essay shows the negative effects society encounters from stereotyping and profiling and some solutions to how, we as a nation, can overcome this plague. Stereotyping is the act of making an assumption or generalization of a particular person or group of persons based on misconceptions usually extending to

Effect Of Technology In Society Essay

619 words - 3 pages in our society. It will benefit us. If we let it die, it might cause big problem in the future in our social life at home, at work, everywhere in the world. Work Cited Cohen, S. Wills, and al. “The Internet’s Effect on Relationships: Detrimental or beneficial?” <>. Dixon, M. Kenneth. “Researchers link use of Internet, social Isolation.” Stanford University News. 23 Feb. 2005.. Roddel, Victoria. “Online Predators.” Article Bright Hub. 17 Sept. 2009.