“The Effectiveness Of Saccharum Spontaneum (Kans Grass) For The Production Of Paper”

3679 words - 15 pages

“The Effectiveness of Saccharum spontaneum (Kans Grass) for the Production of Paper”
Chapter I
The Problem and it’s Setting

Introduction

Paper is very important to every man’s life. It is used by all types of people mostly students for personal or general purposes. That is why production of paper increases dramatically every year. Paper is made from the cellulose fibres that are present in hard wood and softwood plants. Usually, paper trees are being processed to produce paper.
However, due to the rapid increase of the demands in paper, the source of these is being lessen little by little. Paper trees which is the main source of paper were cut and almost extinct.
...view middle of the document...

Significance of the Study
This study will be a great help in making an alternative source of paper. It will also be significant in the following fields:
Academe: It will serve as a future reference for future studies regarding Kans grass and Paper Production.
Students: It will be affordable to the students.
Researchers: This will help the researchers to know more about Kans grass and Production of Paper grass.
Community: this will be an alternative source of paper that will lessen the needs of paper tree.

Scope and Delimitation:
This study covers the production of paper through the use of Kans grass. It deals with the statistical reports and surveys that will determine the effectiveness of Kans grass.
The study does not cover the other components of the Kans grass.
Conceptual Frame Work
Production of paper increases drama1tica1ly every years. But it’s source is being lessen little by little. This study aims to make an alterna1tive source of paper that will be helpful to many people. Gathering of Kans grass.
Research Framework

Definition of Terms
Kans Grass- Talahib or Kans grass is a coarse, erect, perennial grass, usually more or less tufted, with stout underground rootstock, growing to a height of 1 to 3.5 meters.
Paper Tree-Melaleuca quinquenervia, commonly known as broad-leaved paperbark, the paper bark tea tree or niaouli, is a small- to medium-sized tree of the allspice family, Myrtaceae.
Production of Paper- The papermaker often mixes a range of wood pulps with different characteristics to create a particular type of paper or board. Recovered paper has become as important a source of new paper as wood - recovered paper now accounts for more than half of the fibres used in the production of paper
The papermaking process can be divided into three distinct elements:
• Pulping
• Papermaking and
• Finishing

Chapter II
Review of Related Literature
This chapter deals with the related projects and literatures related to the study. This chapter includes the comparison of the previous studies to this project.
The Composition of Fibre on Napier grass, Pineapple leaf and Corn stalk For Pulp and paper making
Based on the researcher (Batu Pahat) this study is to analyze the chemical compositions and to give a comprehensive overview by analyzing the fiber morphology of paper produced from pineapple leaves, corn stalks, and napier grass.
Wood makes up about 90% of the conventional raw material used for pulp and paper production in the world. However, depleting forests to obtain the wood has made an impact on the environment. As this issue becomes a crucial one, alternative fibers from non-wood sources will provide a good solution to limiting the destruction of the environment. Many paper industries have applied the kraft process as their main pulping process.
Previous studies have compared non-wood and wood materials for the suitability of their fibers in paper making....

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