For many years, European society depended on the church for answers unknown to man. During the seventeenth century the enlightenment brought a huge change in the way society thought about math, astronomy, and physics. The enlightenment encouraged one to use one’s own understanding without another’s guidance. Conflict between faith and reason emerged, due to the attributions of many great philosophical thinkers. Some of these thinkers include John Locke, Galileo, and Rene Descartes.
The major philosophical assumptions of the enlightenment were science, the mind, deism, criticism, and cosmopolitanism. The new way of thinking in the ...view middle of the document...
Another idea on his essay was that people had natural rights. Life, liberty, and property. Many of his ideas were adopted onto the Declaration of Independence. His ideas became the foundation of many political systems giving many people hope and freedom.
Galileo’s main contribution to the enlightenment was his astrological findings. He had an instrument no one else did, the telescope. He stated that the universe is heliocentric, meaning that the sun is the center of the solar system. His theory clearly contradicted the church, who claimed the earth was at the center of the universe. Galileo attempted to interpret the bible with his astronomical findings. The church felt threatened by Galileo so they told him he was not allowed to teach about a heliocentric universe. He was trialed with heresy and put under house arrest for the rest of his life.
Rene Descartes main contribution to the enlightenment was Cartesian dualism, and mathematics. Cartesian dualism talked about two fundamental areas in the universe. The physical, and the mind. Descartes conducted an experiment in which he doubted everything he...